Simple Games to develop speech and language of children with special needs
Jul 23, 2020
Parents and professionals across the globe seem to have embraced remote therapy, overcoming any initial hesitation or apprehensions. For children with special needs, however, it may have taken longer to get used to seeing their teachers or therpaists on their screens. It may also take a while to get accustomed to focussing on lessons with none of their peers around. Although these can be truly challenging circumstances, parents have also expressed how remote therapy has turned out to be beneficial for the family. Parents are now able to actively participate in the children’s therapy sessions which allows them to apply the strategies they learnt in everyday scenarios.
While parental involvement is a major factor towards a child's progress, the mode of learning can also play an instrumental role. Children may be more interested to learn if it was fun. This is why most therapists use games to teach social skills and academic concepts. Most of these games can be played with things lying around the house and does''t require extensive setup or planning. Here are a few such games that you can try at home for developing your child’s cognitive and literacy skills.
1. What's in the Bag?
How to Play:
- Children can reach into the bag and try to guess the item they have picked
- Encourage them to describe the item - how it feels, the size, shape, etc.
- Prompt by asking questions such as 'Is it hard or soft?'
- Children can also pick an item from the bag and find any other item in the room that belongs to the same category. For example, if they picked a pencil, they can be encouraged to find a related item such as an eraser or sharpener.
- AAC users can use communication boards or apps such as Avaz AAC app to describe the item.
2. I Spy
How to Play
- Say, 'I spy something green', or 'I see something green', and encourage the child to find a green object from the room
- Use 'I Spy' worksheets where children can be encouraged to identify animals, birds, and other categories.
- While reading a storybook, you can get the child to focus on the details of the story by pointing out to objects, facial expressions or characters in the story. For example, 'I see something round' to get to child to focus on a ball.
- You can mention shape, colour, size, and other attributes of the object to develop descriptive language
- You can also help in developing phonics by saying, 'I spy something starting with b'
3.Snakes and Ladders
This ancient Indian game can be a fun way to teach young children how to deal with disappointments and surprises in life.
How to Play
- Get a Snakes & Ladders board game, download a printable, or make your own board by drawing a 10x10 array of squares with snakes and ladders connecting a few squares
- Personalize the DIY board by including rewards and reinforcers in a few squares.
- Explain turn taking to the child by saying 'My turn' and 'Your turn' during the game. AAC users can have the relevant vocabulary included in their apps or communication boards.
- As the children roll the dice, encourage them to count the number of squares to move their tokens
- For children who understand addition, you can ask them to perform the adsition first before moving their token to the right square.
- Explain to the child how it's alright if the snake brings them down a few rows. They can always find their way back to the ned goal if they kept trying.
- You can also teach direction words such as 'up', down', left', and right' using this game.
Free Resource Download
Numeracy for Learners with Disabilities: Strategies for Teaching Maths
Real World InstructionWe may begin numeracy instruction for neurotypical children by teaching them to identify numbers and to count. But learners with disabilities may need a different approach since they may find it easier to understand concepts when they are connected to the real world. Hence we may need to focus on teaching functional numeracy skills through everyday scenarios. Here are a few examples:
- Breakfast time:
- While Cooking:
- Craft Time:
Fun & GamesChildren may learn better if concepts are taught through fun activities. It may be especially helpful if we teach using the learner’s favourite item/activity. For example, a kid who loves pizza would find learning maths to be a lot more interesting if it was taught with the pizza pie.
- Bigger slice/ smaller slice
- Number of slices
- More sauce/less sauce
- The shape of the pizza
- The shape of the slices
- Circumference, radius, diameter, Fraction, and Pi
- How many flowers have you drawn? (counting)
- Which flower is the biggest/smallest?
- Which flower has the longest/shortest stem?
Visual SupportsVerbal instructions may be difficult to comprehend for learners with auditory processing difficulties and cognitive challenges. Using visual aids such as visual schedules and communication boards can help in teaching number concepts. Less/More and money exchange can also be explained better through pictures and worksheets. For example, the concept of time may be very abstract for learners with developmental disabilities. Visual schedules can help in explaining the concept of before, after, later, now, etc. to such learners. They’ll be able to understand that swimming is scheduled after reading and before Mealtime. Calendars are also great tools to teach time. Children who are looking forward to the premiere of their favourite TV show or the arrival of grandparents can countdown to the day they are very excited about.
AAC and MathAAC(Augmentative and Alternative Communication) can be incorporated into Math instruction so that learners with complex communication needs can understand number concepts and communicate what they know and don’t know. AAC can also help them be an active participant in an inclusive learning environment where children do group projects. The learner’s AAC system needs to have the vocabulary for numbers, measurement units, concepts of time, and money. It’s important to include mathematical terms relevant to the learner’s curriculum such as fractions, estimate, rounding, etc. Descriptive teaching model can help a great deal in explaining advanced concepts. Here's a free Math Communication board for emergent learners: Avaz Math Communication Board Hope you find these strategies useful. If you have any feedback or suggestions, please give them in the comment section below.
Addressing Challenging Behaviours During Lockdown
Looking at Behaviours as CommunicationInstead of identifying behavioural challenges as problems, it’s best if we understood the functions of behaviour. Here’s a table explaining what the child may be attempting to communicate through their behaviours:
Simple Ideas to Manage Challenging BehavioursThere’s a lot we can do to prevent behavioural issues by manipulating the environment of the child. 1.Provide AAC Systems Children with complex communication needs may struggle with social communication which includes understanding of pragmatics. They may take things literally and may be unable to convey their thoughts effectively. Providing AAC(Alternative and Augmentative Communication) systems can help a great deal for such children. From low tech boards, sign language, objects of reference, to high tech robust AAC systems, children can use any communication mode with which they can make themselves understood better. Giving them the means to reject/ refuse and protest is very important. Give access to pre-store phrases or single words to communicate their disapproval or sensory issues. ‘Leave me alone’ ‘Go away’ ‘Stop’ ‘Not now’ ‘Don’t like it’ ‘I need a break’ ‘It’s too loud’ ‘I’m taking a walk’ ‘Want my sensory ball’ 2.Use Visual Supports Children with disabilities can understand visuals better than verbal instructions and guidelines. So, use visual schedules and cues that help them understand expected behaviour. Make sure that there’s no ambiguity on what the expected behaviour is. If you’re using social stories, keep the language simple and use relevant images. Since most children are learning from home, it may be helpful to have a designated area in the house for learning. Get the child involved in decorating the area with stickers of books and school supplies so that they associate the area with learning. 3. Discuss and Create Routines with the Child All children crave structure because it makes them feel in control. For children with disabilities, structure means predictability, which in turn means reduced anxiety about what to expect in a given day. Get the child’s inputs on how they’d like the day structured. Since learning from home can be hard, it’s ok to be a little flexible. If they can’t handle too many online sessions, a nap or a fun activity between the sessions may not be a bad idea. Make sure the family members and professionals can agree on the routine. Make room within the activity for the child to choose what they want to do. For example, if the child wanted to dance during exercise time or read their favourite book again, acknowledge their requests as much as possible. 4.Assign Chores and Give Rewards When children are productive, they feel proud of themselves. When their self-esteem grows, they may not try to seek attention through challenging behaviours. So, give children simple household chores depending on their abilities. Set them up for success by assigning simple tasks which they can complete. From setting the table to cleaning their desk, give them small responsibilities. Once they’ve successfully completed a task, praise them and offer rewards that you deem appropriate. Rewards need not be fancy or expensive. It can be your attention, your participation in an activity they enjoy, or tokens and star stickers.
How Avaz Made our Lives Simpler: Tanisha’s Communication Journey
My daughter was diagnosed to be on the Autism spectrum at the age of 3 and like all special needs families, we went through the process of never ending therapies, running from one therapy centre to another. Needless to say, it was traumatic and exhausting in the beginning. However, this soon became our daily routine - juggling our time between therapists and doctor visits . After nearly 3 years of vigorous therapies, we achieved very little development in her speech and language. We could see that our daughter had potential and how badly she wanted to communicate with everybody. But being unable to communicate only led to frustration and behaviour issues. Thankfully, we got introduced to Avaz AAC app through Ms.Vandana at the Sunrise Learning Centre. And how the app has changed our lives!!! My family was instantly fascinated by the idea of an app that would enable us to communicate with our child. We were excited about the prospect of our daughter expressing her needs and feelings to us. Building Communication, Language, Life Skills, and Literacy We started with lots of pictures of all the preferred items of my daughter to build her interest. My daughter accepted Avaz wholeheartedly as she felt empowered by being able to communicate her needs by simply selecting a picture from the folder. Avaz had made communication easier for her. It was a happy moment for the entire family when Tanisha chose to communicate through images rather than crying or screaming. We proceeded to make schedules with Avaz to help manage her anxieties. The app made our lives simpler in many ways. We didn't need to carry our visual cards everywhere, as we had a system which was more practical and we could explain many things to her on the go. My husband is a Merchant Navy officer and we travelled with him on the ship. Being onboard a ship involves many challenges with frequently changing weather, variations in time zones, and long days between ports. Separation from family members for a longer duration of time only added to the emotional struggles. Avaz became a medium for us to explain what is happening around her to our daughter and why it is happening. This includes the dining etiquette, different parts of the ship, when we will reach the next port, when we will be back home, and many more things which were previously next to impossible to explain to her. [caption id="attachment_5762" align="aligncenter" width="534"] Social Story Explaining a Visit to the Mall[/caption] Avaz AAC app helped to form a bridge between our daughter and my whole family. It allowed us to use our specific customised pictures and audio modulations which helped in teaching generalization and improving comprehension. We also use Avaz to develop her life skills by focussing on ADLs. Avaz has also helped build her literacy skills because she was a good visual learner. Avaz During Lock down When lockdown happened, there were major changes in her routine. Since she can’t go to school and has minimum social interaction, Avaz has helped Tanisha to communicate with her grandparents and other family members. She tells them what food she ate, what activities she did ,and whether she liked them or not. She also tells them that she loves and misses them a lot 💜. We have been modelling, and just now Tanisha is trying to communicate better with us (still with prompt ). But it has become a little easier for us to understand where she is feeling pain and she is trying to understand what are we doing to help her. She is also sending WhatsApp messages about her health to her grandparents and Mamu (Uncle). While the lock down has brought many challenges, it has also given us more time and opportunities to interact with her. We involve her in day to day activities such as deciding what meals are cooked where Tanisha uses the app to tell her choice to us. We are also using Avaz to give her a picture breakdown of steps involved in completing each task. This has helped her immensely in developing life skills. Avaz is aptly named - it has become my daughter's voice and every communication attempt is a step forward to more communication. (‘Avaz’ in Hindi means ‘Voice’ 😊) Find more Avaz AAC user stories and videos here and here. We'd love to hear more from parents about the creative ways in which they use Avaz. Sharing ideas is one way that you can help other parents stay motivated and positive. Send in your stories to firstname.lastname@example.org or share your experiences in the comment section below.
How Play Therapy Techniques Help Children Cope with Routine Changes
- Problem Solving
- Addressing Fears
- Managing Stress
- Social Interactions
- Social Communication
- Sensory behaviours
5 Simple Activities to Develop the Emotional Intelligence Skills of Learners with Disabilities
F is for Fun and FeelingsImagine giving a lecture to young children about all the 27 distinct emotions that humans are said to have. No matter how articulate you are, chances are most children might not pick up any valuable information on how to deal with emotions. Emotions is a complex concept to teach. As distinct as many of these emotions are, they are also interconnected. So, the best way to teach emotion is through fun activities and games. Here are a few simple, interesting ideas to help children learn emotions:
- Story and Movies
- Emotion Masks Game
- Personal Photo Album
- Emotions Scale/ Chart
- Voice Recordings
Avaz AAC Resources for Teaching EmotionsHere's a story about Johnny, a little boy and his different emotions. Read the story and help the child identify the emotions. You can ask the learner to match the emotion tiles from the given Vocab Toolbox to the emotions in the book. You can also encourage them to tap the corresponding emotion icon on their AAC system. It's important to give communicators vocabulary to describe their emotions so that they can express their distinct feelings. Avaz AAC offers extensive vocabulary for emotions. You can download communication board for emotions here. that can help develop the emotional intelligence skills of young children.
Avaz’s Top 4 Accessibility Features of iOS 14
1. Sound RecognitionYour iPhone or iPad can now detect a sound you’ve configured it to listen for. The device's intelligence shows on-screen notification when it comes across 14 different sounds, namely, Fire Alarm, Siren, Smoke Alarm, Cat, Dog, Appliances, Car Horn, Door Bell, Door Knock, Water Running, Baby Crying, and Shouting. Whom Does it Help: People who are deaf or hard of hearing How to enable Sound Recognition
- Launch Settings from your Home screen.
- Tap Accessibility.
- Tap Sound Recognition.
- Tap the Sound Recognition On/Off Switch.
2. Back TapThis is a cool feature which allows users to perform several quick actions by tapping on the back of the iPhone. It can be used for 23 actions and users can assign separate tap gestures for the different actions. By double tapping or triple tapping, you can take screenshots, turn the volume up and down, mute, scroll, open the control center, and launch apps. Whom it Helps: People with limitations in fine motor capabilities How to Enable Back Tap:
- Launch Settings
- Tap Accessibility
- Tap Touch
- Tap Back Tap
3. VoiceOverApple's VoiceOver that translates on-screen text into speech gets new functionalities in iOS14. Apples's on-device machine learning recognizes key elements displayed on the screen and provides VoiceOver support for pages and apps without built-in accessibility features. It speaks the text recognized within images and reads full-sentence descriptions. Whom it Helps: People with vision impairments How to Set Up Voice Over:
- Launch Settings from your Home screen.
- Tap Accessibility.
- Tap VoiceOver under the Vision Category
- Tap Voiceover Switch to turn it ON
4. Headphones AccommodationsThis awesome new feature amplifies soft sounds and adjusts certain frequencies to suit an individual’s hearing. There are 3 amplification settings with which you can customize settings for movies, music, phone calls, etc. Headphone Accommodations also works with Airpod Pro’s Transparency mode making quiet voices in your surroundings more audible. Whom it Helps: People who are deaf or hard of hearing How to enable Headphone Accommodations:
- Launch Settings from your Home screen.
- Tap Accessibility.
- Tap Audio/Visual.
- Tap the Headphone Accommodations On/Off Switch
Using Social Stories to Explain Social Situations
Social stories are simple narratives that help people having deficits in social pragmatics understand appropriate social interaction protocols and responses. While they were originally developed for children on the spectrum, they can be useful for people of all ages having social communication challenges. Visual representation of a situation or concept as depicted in social stories can be more meaningful to people with auditory processing issues than verbal instructions. Moreover, social stories help in reinforcing concepts by repeating the information consistently.
Using social stories is an evidence-based practice created in 1991 by Carol Gray, a teacher for children with autism. They are essentially visual descriptions of a situation, event, concept, or activity. The purpose of the story is to help children understand the situation better and to teach them socially appropriate responses.
How to write social stories?
A poorly made social story can convey wrong information to a child. So, it’s necessary to put some thought into what the story is about. Here are few things to keep in mind while writing a social story.
1.Use Simple Language
Make sure that the language is uncomplicated and does not leave much to interpretation. Typically, social stories are written from the perspective of the person for whom you’re creating the story. You can also use third person language for some older kids.
- Keep it to the Point
You may want to convey a lot of information but all that cannot be cramped into one social story. If you have different events or concepts that you need to address, create individual stories for them.
- Collect All Relevant Information
Before you start writing a story, be clear about the purpose of the story. If it’s about a particular event, try and think of all the details you have about that event. For example, if you want to write a story about an upcoming birthday party, look at how the learner had reacted to such events in the past. Was there anything particular that made them uncomfortable? Was there anything that they thoroughly enjoyed? Getting all the details written down helps you build an effective story.
- Make it Visual
Use a lot of pictures and include personal pictures if possible. For example, if you are writing a story about how to organize their things in the classroom, use pictures of their desk, materials, bins where their things should be placed, etc. This can help them make the connection to the things the story is referring to.
Benefits of Using Social Stories
Children with autism and other developmental disabilities may have processing delays and may struggle with generalization of a concept. Their sensory issues or communication deficits may also lead to challenging behaviors. Verbal instructions may not be effective and therefore social stories are seen as an excellent means to give directions to children and for behavioral regulation.
Creating Social Stories Using Avaz AAC
You can use Avaz AAC to create social stories in no time. With Avaz AAC, you can bing search for images from within the app. This means that you need not search for images on the web and import it into the app. You can also add multiple words/phrases at a go. A main advantage of making stories with Avaz AAC is that there is auditory feedback as the learner taps on the icons of the AAC system. Screen recording of the social story gives you a video which you can play for the learner when needed.
Here is a sample story made with Avaz AAC.
Building Language for All Communicative Functions – Greetings, Questions, and Expressing Feelings
Last week, we learnt strategies and vocabulary required for a few communicative functions such as Requesting, Refusing, and Commenting. This week, let’s see how we can build language for a few more communicative functions - namely, Greetings, Answering Questions, and Expressing Feelings. There are, of course, more communicative functions and we’ll see how we can build a communicator’s language for those purposes in future blogs.
Greetings are one of the fundamental components of social communication. It sets the tone for conversations and gets communicators started on making connections with others.
- Teach them to wave hi, give high fives, and fist bumps (or foot-taps and elbow bumps during these COVID times). You can come up with more elaborate and cooler greetings young kids are into these days to get them motivated.
- Use low tech cards with Hi, Hello, and vocabulary for other pleasantries we commonly exchange.
- Enlist a peer such as a friend or a sibling and encourage the children to greet each other.
- If the communicator has a high tech AAC system, make sure they have quick access to pres-stored phrases for greetings.
Hi, Hello, How are you, Good morning, Thank you. I’m fine
Asking too many questions can make the communicator feel tested. So, we must make sure we make a lot of comments and observations too as we ask questions. It's also important to include open-ended questions to encourage the communicators to express their thoughts on any given topic.
- A good point to start will be questions about the communicator's favourite objects or activities.
Is this your truck?
Do you want to listen to music now?
If you are convinced that the communicator's answer to these questions will be a 'Yes', model the language by tapping 'Yes' on the AAC system. Make sure to reinforce it by granting the object/activity immediately.
Ask open-ended questions related to the communicator's favourite thing / activity.
This truck looks cool. What other toys do you like?
2. Ask questions related to pictures, storybooks, and television shows the child is interested in.
'What's the little girl eating?'
'Who gave cake to the dog?
Make a few comments before asking the questions and encourage the communicator to make inferences from what they're reading.
The mom looks mad because Jessica lied to her.
Do you think Jessica is going to be punished?
3. Involve peers and make them ask questions to each other. Children learn better when it's more fun. Have children make silly faces or make silly dance moves and then ask them to stop.
'Do you want to continue making silly faces?'
If the communicator responds, acknowledge and praise. Explain what they have conveyed to you by saying 'Yes'.
Ex'Oh..you're saying 'Yes'. So, you're saying you'd like to keep making silly faces. Sure. Go ahead'
Yes, No, Agree, Disagree, here, there, now, later, etc.
There is a wide range of emotions and communicators should be taught to identify these distinct emotions. When children don't have the proper means to express their feelings, they may resort to challenging behaviours. It's important that we teach them to understand and label their emotions. Once they are able to recognize their emotions, they can be taught coping strategies for when they feel overwhelmed with strong emotions.
- Use tools such as emotion wheel and games to help children identify and label emotions.
- Talk about your emotions throughout the day. Make sure you talk about negative emotions such as your anger, disappointment etc. This will encourage the communicators to discuss their negative emotions too.
I got mad when I saw the messy table.
Talk about how you dealt with those emoti ons and tell the communicators they can do something similar too.
I just took a deep breath and listened to some music to calm myself down. Once I was calm, I requested you to help me clean the table.
3. Storybooks are great resources to discuss emotions. Talk about the emotional journey of the characters in the story. Help communicators see the correlation between an event and an emotion.
He's happy because he won the game.
She lost her teddy bear. She must be sad.
Draw the communicator's attention to facial expressions that convey the different emotions so that they can identify the emotions in people around them. This, in turn, helps them identify their own emotions.
4. It's important that AAC users have access to extensive vocabulary for the various emotions. Some children may feel sad when they don’t get to do their favourite activity while others may get mad or feel disappointed about it. Communicators should have access to quick phrases with which they can vent their feelings. Include phrases in their AAC systems for their coping mechanisms too so that they can communicate to others when they need to be left alone or that they don’t feel understood.
Get away from me
I’m going to my room
I need a break now
You’re not listening to me
Something’s bothering me
happy, sad, frustrated, excited, disappointed, funny, great, mad, etc.
Communicative Functions with Reading
Shared reading can be a great way to teach communicative functions to AAC users. As you read text, encourage the communicator to answer questions. We have put together a Language Learning Bundle with a story to encourage answering questions in emergent communicators.
How to Use the Bundle:ead Language Builder Instructions PDF given below for details on how to use this bundle. Click on the below icons to download the individual PDFs
Download all the above resources as a Language Builder Bundle here
Expressing Emotions: Ideas to Teach Young Children
When children get better at expressing emotions, their anxieties and challenging behaviours can reduce. But feelings and emotions are complex and abstract concepts which makes them difficult to teach. They are internal states of mind which need to be experienced and felt by the child, and hence becomes tricky to "teach" as concepts.
One of the simplest ways to help them understand the various emotions is by giving them exposure to different experiences When you talk about the child's emotions during the experience, it helps the child associate the emotion with that experience. This further helps them identify and understand the concept of emotions better.
Sample Situations to Teach Emotions
Here are a few simple ideas to teach emotions to young children:
Use picture cards / flash cards that you may, to talk about various emotions. Explain how these emotions are displayed.
Show different pictures of happy faces and say "When we are happy we are smiling and laughing, and showing our teeth. When we are happy we are dancing, or singing." etc.
2. Facial gestures
Show with your own facial gestures and expressions the various emotions. Express it through your eyes (enlarged eyes for anger), eyebrows (narrowed eyebrows for anger), mouth( pouting for sadness),
3. Own photos
Take your child's photo when they are happy and smiling and explain it to them to help them associate the "feeling" with the emotion and the word.
4. Story-telling through books
Choose stories that display emotions. E.g. hare and tortoise - how the hare feels sad when losing and hare feels happy when winning.
5. Discuss emotions while watching TV shows or videos
Talk about the emotions of the characters while watching the shows together. Choose shows that display emotions.
6. Take videos
Take a video of yourself or other members of the family while they are happy - e.g. during their birthday, cake cutting, playing with friends etc.
5. Role play
During role play you can pretend to be a person who is happy for a particular reason. E.g. I am your teacher and you answered correctly in class. I am happy and clapping for you.
that you are playing the role of a person or a character in a story that has a happy event.
E.g. I am the teacher. You have finished your work! Very good, I am happy.
Create a story with different characters and enact a drama with emotions.
E.g. a child who has lost his dog feels sad.
6. Create more opportunities during the day to express various emotions
Model the words as you discuss the emotions
Remember not to try and teach emotions when the child is going through a meltdown. Teach these concepts when the child is in a happy and receptive state of mind. Expressing emotions can make the child feel heard and understood. It also gives them the opportunity to seek help when they experience negative emotions. So, it's an important skill to have which can pave the path to their self-expression and self-dependence.
Understanding Prompting Hierarchy
Any new learning can be quite overwhelming for the user. New users can benefit from prompting, regardless of age, communication skills, or cognitive ability. Prompts can be used to assist the user in successfully learning to perform a task - it is a method of guiding the user to give the correct response. If you don’t prompt, the user will continue an incorrect behaviour, and the motivation to learn will decrease. But it's important to understand that prompts may be difficult to fade. This is where knowledge of prompting hierarchy can be handy
What is a prompt?
A prompt is a cue or instruction that is given before or during a user's action or response. There are different types of prompts that you can use to motivate the user to learn and succeed.
What are the different types of prompts?
There are different types of prompts:
Verbal prompts, such as saying “Tap the picture of cookies!”
Gestural prompts, such as pointing to an appropriate icon on Avaz AAC app that remind them to use it.
Physical prompting. It usually includes hand under hand (which is largely recommended in literature) and that can be easily faded. Physical prompts also include taking the user’s hand and making them point to the appropriate icon. Physical prompting is less helpful and using them is not really advocated and it is extremely culturally sensitive (and it does not support safe practices that are important to protect vulnerability)
Prompting Hierarchy - Least-to-most prompting
Though prompts are very useful in teaching a new concept and working on the use of it, it is also important to use them carefully. Users become dependent on prompts easily and would seek an adult's or partner’s help before they make any type of response. Research suggests the hierarchy of least-to-most prompting as it provides the user sufficient time to respond to a natural stimulus occurring in the environment. Prompting hierarchy refers to the order and different levels of support that can be used to help the user get the appropriate responses. Remember, as you decide the type of prompts you also need to think of ways to fade prompts over time. Regardless of how often we provide prompts or what type of prompts we provide, providing a model of the possible words suitable in the conversation is considered the most useful strategy we can use.
Let us look at various prompts ranging from least intrusive to most intrusive with encouraging the user to use the word ‘GO’ to make the car go.
The Powerful Pause
While using each prompt, it is most important to give an expectant pause and WAIT for the user’s response. The wait time can vary from 5-15 secs for the user to produce the expected response. When you say something, wait for a response. If the user says something, respond and move on. If the user doesn’t respond, give the next prompt in the hierarchy and WAIT for the response. If you don’t use enough wait time, you may be providing more prompts than needed. Remember, rushing through prompts essentially takes away opportunities for the user to respond.
If the user does not respond, you can give indirect verbal prompts to help them construct a response.
What is Prompt dependence? This occurs when a user needs (depends on) prompts in order to respond. In many cases a user is accidentally taught to wait for a certain prompt before responding.
Some reasons for prompt dependency are:
Over-use of prompts
Helping too much or helping too soon
Failure to fade prompts
Repeated use of prompt hierarchy across all the environments and partners thus hindering independent selection of icons
If the user doesn’t respond, give the next one in the prompting hierarchy and WAIT for the response. If you don’t use enough wait time, you may be providing more prompts than needed. Remember, rushing through prompts essentially takes away opportunities for the user to respond. Inappropriate prompting can result in prompt dependence, passive engagement, and of course poor use of communication tools. Hence it is very important to start fading prompts gradually but consistently so that the user doesn’t become dependent on the prompts. Start with the one that is most appropriate for the user, but regardless of the prompt used, work towards making your user independent of the prompt. Fade each type of prompt until the user is able to respond independently, without any prompts.
Courtesy: Compiled by Octave Speech and Hearing, Bangalore.
Teaching Young AAC Users to Be Aware, Sensitive, and Empowered
Standing up for ThemselvesChildren must be encouraged to have their opinions and must be given ample opportunities to express them. Parents and professionals need to be mindful of giving them the space to express their opinions even if it may be inconvenient for them. Some children may not be more forthcoming with their opinions, likes, and dislikes. That does not mean they don't have one. Give sufficient visual or verbal prompts as required to help them express their views. As for vocabulary that builds agency. ‘Stop’ and ‘No’ are very powerful words that give a communicator control over their surroundings. Look for activities that the communicator is not keen on doing or antecedents for challenging behaviors. Once you can identify an activity the communicator dislikes, ask them to do the activity and tell them they could use ‘No’ to refuse the activity. Try to acknowledge and honour their refusal as much as possible. Similarly, encourage them to use ‘Stop’ during an activity if they do not want to continue doing it. Once you’ve finished playing a song during Music time, ask them if they want you to ‘stop’ or ‘play’. Model these words across different activities such as reading and playtime until they gain an understanding of how to use them in various scenarios. The communicator’s AAC system must be programmed with vocabulary that aligns with their right to express themselves freely. Include pre-stored phrases for negation such as 'Not good' 'Don't want' ‘I Don't like It' As children grow, it’s important to tailor these phrases and include more that suit their personalities. ‘I need some space’ ‘I need some time for myself’ ‘I disagree’ ‘This is not right’ ‘This is unfair’ AAC users deserve these and more vocabulary with which they can fume, disagree, raise valid questions, demand answers, and make their points loud and clear.
Standing for What They Believe inAs we equip AAC users with self-advocacy skills, it’s equally important that we acknowledge their right to be part of the social discourse. Encourage social interactions from an early age and help them connect to others in the community. Their opinions on societal matters count as much as those of their peers. The world needs to hear all sides and perspectives and the voice of an AAC user should be allowed to resonate along with all other voices that are trying to bring about change. Make sure young communicators have a lot of reporting vocabulary in their AAC systems. They should be able to complain about any ill treatment meted out to them or others. We must encourage them to voice out their apprehensions about people or actions bothering them. The more we are willing to listen, the less they will be reluctant about reporting any unpleasant events.
Exposure to DiversityRead books or watch shows and movies with diverse characters. These characters can offer an excellent way to talk about different races, ethnicities, social groups, cultures, religions, customs, languages, economic backgrounds and how they have their own place in the world.
Teaching Appropriate LanguageSociety has changed and so have the norms of acceptable language. Casual remarks that are insensitive cannot be laughed off anymore. For emergent communicators, we can overlook their language errors because our goal is to get them to communicate effectively. For young adults who seek active societal participation, we need to give appropriate vocabulary and explain why some words may be considered offensive.
Talking About Current EventsThere's a lot going on around the world. With the barrage of misinformation that's out there, it's important that we stick to facts while we talk to children. Choose video clips or news images carefully so as to not overwhelm them. For some older children who may have already learned about things through the news, avoiding discussion may make them feel more anxious. As you explain what’s going on, reassure them that it will be alright and attempt to answer all their questions as honestly as possible. We live in a world with race, religion, gender, and socioeconomic inequalities and talking about them to children can be extremely hard. But those are the realities of the world and what children know about them will shape their opinions, their capacity for empathy and determine their demeanour towards others. So, we owe it to our communicators to keep them abreast of the events occurring in the world. This will empower them with knowledge with which they can decide for themselves to play whatever role they choose to, in the larger society.
Building Language for All Communicative Functions
There are several reasons we communicate. Sometimes, we communicate just to get the attention of a loved one while other times we have profound things to say or a strong point to make. Communication, therefore, is the bedrock of human relationships and social interactions. In addition to fostering bonds, it also allows us to stand up for ourselves, stand for things we believe in, and thus is an important tool for self-advocacy. So, we must ensure that AAC users acquire the necessary skills for the entire range of communicative functions.
List of communicative functions
From expressing our feelings to giving or getting information, communication serves several purposes in our daily lives. Language instruction for AAC users must focus on expanding their communicative functions so that their expression is not limited. When some communicators do not know the appropriate means to communicate, they may resort to challenging behaviours to convey their emotions, needs, and wants. The key is to give them relevant vocabulary in their AAC systems and create consistent communication opportunities for the various communicative functions.
Here are some of the purposes of communication.
- Asking Questions
- Sharing Information
Let's see how we can support a communicator with these communicative functions:
This is probably one of the most important skills for an emergent communicator to pick up because this helps them to get what they want.
- Identify motivators for communication. It could be the communicator’s favourite activity, toy, or food item. It’s easier to work on requests when there is a clear motivation present.
- Create an environment replete with activities and items that are communication motivators.
- Put their favourite snack in clear containers so that the communicator would request for help. Give food in a bowl without utensils. Keep their favourite blanket or hide one shoe when they are ready to go out. Make sure that the child does not get frustrated while sabotaging the environment to elicit requests.
- Acknowledge all request attempts and prompt if the communicator is unable to make an independent request.
- Their desired toy/activity acts as a natural reinforcer but a praise can only add to their excitement.
Want, Need, More, This, That, Now, Give, Eat, Hungry, Play are some words that the communicator can use along with fringe vocabulary such as toy, cookie, TV, etc.
Since children with complex communication needs may be vulnerable, it’s important to ensure that they are raised with an awareness of their likes and dislikes. It’s also equally important to teach them the power of words and how they can use it to implement their right to refuse and reject.
- Identify activities or moments that the communicator is not excited about. This might involve a bit of guesswork. If you notice any challenging behaviours, try and see the antecedent which might give you a clue.
- Try to engage the kid in the activity and model ‘No’ or ‘don’t like’ on the communicator’s AAC system. For example, if the child seems to be not too interested in reading, model ‘I don’t want it’ . Say, “Oh, you’re saying you don’t want it. OK” and close the book.
- Make sure you are able to acknowledge their refusal while modelling the vocabulary. In case you are unable to accommodate their requests, try and negotiate as much as possible so that they feel heard.
- When they pick an item they like, help them see how they rejected others to choose their favourite item.
“Oh.. you want cookies? You don’t want cake”
stop, don’t, no, not, now, later, go, break
This can be a complex communicative function to teach for emergent communicators. But commenting is a great skill to acquire because it helps communicators initiate and engage in meaningful conversations.
1.Model commenting by making a lot of comments during shared reading or watching TV together.
“This is very funny”
“The girl’s hat looks cool”
2. Give visual prompts such as commenting cards and sentence strips
3. Ask wh questions using visual prompts. Remember that verbal prompts may be useful but difficult to fade.
“What do you see”
“Where is the hare?”
4.Use play time and sensory toys to make tons of comments. Give them the slime, the play doh, and scarf and encourage them to tell you how the item feels.
Model the vocabulary on their AAC system consistently and prompt until they can utter it independently.
see, feel, taste, along with descriptive words
Communicative Functions with Reading
Shared reading can be a great way to teach communicative functions to AAC users. As you read text, draw the communicator's attention to the different things and encourage them to make comments. We have put together a LanguageLearning Bundle with a story to encourage commenting in emergent communicators.
How to Use the Bundle:
Read Language Builder Instructions PDF given below for details on how to use this bundle. Click on the below icons to download the individual PDFs
Download all the above resources as a Language Builder Bundle here
Building Literacy: Teaching Grammar to AAC Users
Autonomous communication and boundless expression are very much the primary goals of AAC. While we focus on developing communication skills, it is equally important that we lay the foundation for literacy. Since grammar is fundamental to any language, AAC users can benefit from focussed instruction that helps them gain an understanding of key grammatical structures.
Why Teach Grammar?
Why should we focus on proper language usage for AAC users? Because it is important that we set a high bar for AAC users and for what we expect them to achieve. When we respect their competence, it drives us to work towards giving the necessary support systems that enable them to meet our expectations and even go on to exceed them :) Besides, language abilities have been found to play a instrumental role in literacy. So, AAC users must be supported adequately to learn grammar so as to facilitate their literacy acquisition.
Looking at Errors as Stepping Stones
Yes, we would like AAC users to learn the right way to form sentences and use words. But the emphasis should always be on communication, especially for emergent communicators. Our quest for grammatical accuracy cannot be at the cost of an AAC user’s communication skills development. To this end, it may be best if we acknowledge and respond to all their communication attempts during the early stages of their AAC journey without worrying about grammar. Every utterance regardless of any errors should be encouraged. These errors can be recast when they are ready for it and can serve as a stepping stone to grammar learning. Once the communicator puts together two or more words, we can gradually encourage them towards grammatically correct phrases and sentences.
Correcting Without Obstructing Communication
Recasting is one of the effective strategies used for grammar instruction. A communication partner recasts by repeating the communicator's utterances and correcting the language or adding more details. This corrective feedback is not overt and is designed to keep the conversation going. Model the correct usage verbally as you tap the words on the AAC system. Here are a few ways in which you can support grammar learning in emergent communicators:
Grammar Supports in Avaz AAC
Avaz supports several language forms and provides morphology options for verb, adjective and noun forms. You can turn on the Grammar setting to turn be able to use the various morphological word forms. You can turn on the setting for the picture mode and keyboard modes independently.
- Tap the Settings icon on the top bar.
- Scroll down and tap Grammar
- Tap the Grammar option to ON.
- Then tap the modes (picture / keyboard ) for which you want to use the Grammar options.
Turning the Grammar option to OFF will turn off the setting in both the modes.
The word forms displayed for each type of word in Avaz are:
Verbs (past, past participle, present, continuous, future tense)
e.g. EAT (ate, eaten, eats, eating, will eat)
Nouns (singular, plural, possessive),
e.g. BAG (bag, bag's, bags)
Adjectives (simple, comparative, superlative)
e.g. BIG (big, bigger, biggest)
e.g. YOU (you, yourself, your, yours)
Learn more about it here
Grammar Learning with Shared Reading
Shared reading can be a great way to teach grammar to AAC users. As you read text, draw the communicator's attention to the different word forms and sentence structures. We have put together a Grammar Learning Bundle with a story to teach plurals for emergent communicators.
How to Use the Bundle:
Read Language Builder Instructions PDF given below for details on how to use this bundle. Click on the below icons to download the individual PDFs
Download all the above resources as a Language Builder Bundle here
Avaz AAC App: The New found Voice at Sunrise Learning
Sunrise Learning is a Center for Autism and Special Needs located in Noida, India. The center uses Avaz extensively for teaching communication strategies to their students. Since communication partner skills are important for a communicator’s AAC use, the center also focuses on training parents so that they can guide children and empower them with communication.We are grateful to Vandana Gautam who played a pivotal role in Sunrise Learning center adopting Avaz AAC app. Thanks to her passion for implementing AAC in the center, several students with complex communication needs can express themselves better. A huge thanks to Dr. Sonali, Founder and Principal of Sunrise Learning Center for supporting the efforts of all the teachers and making it all happen. Here’s what special educators in the Center had to say about Avaz AAC and how it has enabled their students to communicate better:
How it All BeganSunrise Learning’s Avaz journey started on 4th August 2018. We had a workshop on Avaz app byNaryanan. He introduced the wonderful app to us, and it just occurred to us- Why not have such a powerful tool of communication for our students. And thus we got started.
Charting the CourseInitially, it took us a lot of time and planning to make a road map. We spent a lot of time understanding the communication needs. To do this, We requested parents and class teachers to gather background information of each student along with relevant pictures. We created individualized folders for all students on the ipad, with subfolders of “family”, “things at home” “favourites” etc. When a student opened their personal folder on the ipad, they could see their family members, along with other things they could relate to. This familiarity made them happy and motivated them to use Avaz.
When Students Couldn’t Wait for ‘Avaz Class’As we started one-on-one sessions, the first step was to teach our students REQUESTING using their top reinforcers. The main purpose of this exercise was to get students familiar with Avaz and make them feel motivated to use it. We wanted to give them the idea that their voice can be heard through this tool. We saw amazing communication growth with this strategy. Students were requesting their favourite things such as rhymes and songs. They also communicated about their visit to grandparents, malls, cinemas and many more things. It was overwhelming to see them express their needs and likes !!It became the center of attraction for all the students with them eagerly waiting for Avaz class. Even the class teachers thoroughly enjoyed the Avaz classes, since they saw their students opening up like never before!!
Avaz in the ClassroomAvaz AAC was soon introduced in the classrooms or with smaller groups of students. The class teachers were instrumental in bringing AVAZ to the students by including it in everyday schedule. Here are a few things that we incorporated Avaz AAC in: Calendar Time We started with “How’s the weather today?” and “What time is it?” Each morning, it was a great opportunity to talk about the day, date, month, weather, time etc.through Avaz. Greetings A Greetings folder was created, and every class had a greeting time with Avaz where students were greeted through Avaz and were taught to greet back.A customized template was used for this. Gradually, we started talking about the seasons, the clothes we are wearing, naming and identifying friends, teachers, school didis, and also about class schedules through Avaz. All the students’ communication attempts were reinforced with their favourite rhyme or song which they could request through Avaz. It was exciting with each day filled with surprises as we discovered the new “favourites” of each student.
Smart Classes with AvazWe converted the regular classes to “smart” classes using Apple TV. The regular walls became alive with new exciting pictures and videos and drew the attention of the students. These smart classes were different from the regular “audio-visual” classes.(that we create using the projector). These Avaz-Apple TV classes were more engaging bcause we are able to modulate the screen through the buttons on the ipad. And so students were able to enjoy the “real time action” on the wall. It’s fun, exciting, and a novel way to get their complete attention towards the activity or the concept being introduced. Once we taught them how to pay attention to the teacher and the board, we then introduced students to various concepts through Avaz. We taught them about their surroundings. Most importantly, we helped them to communicate about their needs, feelings, likes and dislikes. This step was the most crucial, in making this app a “voice” for students who are either non-verbal or less expressive. It meant a whole new world for them, and for their teachers, to discover a “new means” to express, say, ask for, request, demand and speak for themselves!!
Avaz’s Role in Acquisition of Literacy and Life SkillsAvaz also helped us to teach students academics skills such as listening comprehension, reading comprehension, picture comprehension, understanding the concepts and storytelling. In fact, storytelling sessions became more interactive, and the quiz sessions became far more fun! We organized an Independence Day Quiz using Avaz and got amazing responses from the students who might not have been able to express their capabilities without Avaz. Then in 2019, we used Avaz for a “theatre play” at the 3rd Annual Function at Sunrise Learning. Earlier, other students or teachers delivered the dialogues for the non-verbal students. But with Avaz, the students delivered their dialogues themselves. It was one of the most touching and emotional moments for parents who never thought it was possible to hear their children speak dialogues in a play on the stage at a cultural event. Recently, we have been using Avaz to teach independent skills to our students. They have been working in the Sunrise Learning Shoppe, and the Sunrise Learning café, working on their own, towards independence and dignity. Now, they make tea, sandwiches using the recipes on Avaz without any other physical or verbal support. Our students are also learning self-help skills using Avaz. Few of the students are using Avaz to order food in the restaurants.
Laying the Foundation for Self-DependenceSo far, it has been a great tool for the students to express their feelings and pain and helped to reduce or minimize control battles, aggressive behaviours and anxiety episodes. Reducing anxiety, in turn increases connection and bonding, thus increasing the chances of learning and development of social skills. Our next step is to gift Avaz AAC app to all our students who need a tool to communicate, express, and learn. We believe that it will boost their self-confidence and their ability to connect with the world, and lead them towards freedom from the “stigma” of being “disabled due to the inability to speak”. Once they learn to use a tool that gives them the “ability” to express themselves, (be it writing, typing, or AAC like Avaz), there is NO STOPPING THEM...!! Thank you Avaz team, for understanding the perspective of people on the autism spectrum, and creating a tool as powerful as this. Thank you, Ms Vandana Gautam for introducing this tool to the students at Sunrise Learning, and inspiring and motivating all the teachers and parents to use AAC to make it a new found “voice” for the children !! Learn more about Sunrise Learning Center at www.sunriselearning.inwww.facebook.com/sunriselearningnoida122 Hope you enjoyed reading about how AAC was used to power the communication of students with speech and langauage difficulties. If you have a story to share, please let us know in the comment section below or write to us at email@example.com
Expansion of Language: Supporting AAC Learner’s Progress
We often see that one of the major stumbling blocks for an emergent communicator's progress is the struggle to get past single word utterances. The simplest way to help them overcome this is by building on what they already know. And the key here is to refrain from adding too much new information.
One Step at a Time Please
This language building strategy works best if the goal set is to attain just the next step in their language development i.e, single word communicators must be encouraged to utter two-word or three-word phrases. Setting an overambitious goal can end up discouraging them and can prove to be counter productive.
There's A Method to This Expansion
By using expansion strategies, we can help communicators gradually build their sentence length. This, however, is easier said than done. Without an understanding of how best to expand language, we may just end up confusing the communicator. (Learn more about expansion and extension here.)
When then communicator says, 'TV', say, 'Want to watch TV?" and model the two words on the child's AAC system.
Saying, 'Oh, I think your favourite cartoon will be on now' or 'After you finish reading' aren't necessarily incorrect reponses. But communicators tend to pick up language skills better when we repeat the word they have uttered and add little new information.
Here's a look at how you can expand a communicator's single-word utterances:
Be Specific in Your Praise
When the communicator successfully puts together words, praise them and let them know what you're appreciating them for.
Instead of saying, " Good job", say, "Good job. You said want cookie"
"Well done. You said more cookie please"
This will ensure that the child knows clearly what they are receiving the praise for. This reinforcement will go a long way in motivating them to put more words together.
Language Builder Bundle
Here is a sample activity bundle for language building. This bundle focuses on the core word 'Want'.
Use the core word poster to reiterate the communicator's knowledge of the word 'Want'
Read the story book given to model two-word phrases to encourage the child to expand their language.
Cut Pictures from the Vocab Toolbox to make the reading fun. Cut, Play, Communicate!
Use the Gamified PDFs to help the child acquire fringe vocabulary along with core vocabulary
Refer Communication Partner Ideas for how to incorporate language building in daily activities.
How to Use the Bundle
Read Language Builder Instructions PDF given below for details on how to use this bundle. Click on the below icons to download the individual PDFs
Download all the above resources as a Language Builder Bundle here
Hope you use this Language Builder Bundle in your child's communication journey. Please share your opinions, suggestions and feedback in the comment section below or write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org
MDA Avaz Reader: Shared Reading Made Simpler
If you are looking for a simple tool for shared reading with your child, MDA Avaz Reader is the perfect fit. It is a reading app that comes with several exciting stories that cater to different reading levels. Avaz Reader app is great tool for shared reading because it comes with a host of reading supports for each word. For emergent communicators who need visual representation, the picture hints for each word can be of great help. Syllable hint, word family hint, and comprehension tool are some features of the Avaz Reader app that can help communicators gain literacy skills.
Watch how Reader app helps children with reading
You can also take a photo of any text, be it a textbook, magazine, or storybook and read it with Avaz Reader. This means that you child gets all the reading help they want for their academic excellence too 🎓. Hope you and your family has fun reading books with Avaz Reader. Keep reading because there are more exiting books coming your way !!
Avaz User Stories and Videos
We always love to know how users across the world are using Avaz AAC app and how it helps communicators express themselves better. Seeing the impact Avaz AAC has on their lives motivates to do more and create better technology solutions. Here are a few stories and videos from Avaz AAC users who have shared snippets of their personal communication journey with us -
Language Builder Resources: Play, Learn, Communicate!
Avaz Joyful Reading: Resources for Shared Reading
Shared reading is a simple and delightful way to pick up language and communication skills as you take children on an exciting journey with awe-inspiring characters inhabiting fascinating worlds. Avaz Inc. has put together a joyful reading kit with resources to get you started with shared reading. Read a story together with your child and help them build vocabulary and communication skills.
Avaz Joyful Reading Kit
What's included in the kit:
- A fun children’s story in PDF format with words highlighted for modelling
- Interactions - Suggested questions and comments to encourage child’s interaction
- Printable Communication board with relevant set of core words
- Printable Communication board with story-related vocabulary
Joyful Reading with Communication Boards
Read the story eBook and model on the communications boards given in the Joyful Reading Kit. Refer Interactions PDF for suggested comments and questions to encourage interaction.
Joyful Reading with High Tech AAC Systems
Read the story eBook and model on your high tech AAC system. Refer Interactions PDF for suggested comments and questions to encourage interaction.
Try Shared Reading with Reader App
Symbol and Language hints for each word just a tap away
Avaz Reader as a Schoolwork Helper: For Lessons, E-reading Worksheets, and Assignments
Schools are still struggling to get virtual classrooms right which leaves parents to figure out how to best support their children’s learning at home. As we see on social media and on news, families are finding it really difficult to make the switch to online learning. Parents of younger kids, especially, are looking for any help they can get to ensure that their children are not left behind.Be it Science lessons, Social Studies Assignments, or Math word Problems - reading comprehension is the key to acing all these academic tasks. Avaz Reader is a reading app with which a child can learn to read independently with minimal support from parents. Plus, it is a perfect complement to online learning and the virtual classroom setup.
What’s possible with Reader?Got that reading comprehension worksheet that your child needs to work on or the science lesson on Eyes and Ears that they need to read? Learning is all about reading and understanding what one reads. Typically, teachers read to children and re-read text at school so that children can get familiar with the vocabulary. Schools employ shared reading and guided reading strategies to help children develop their reading skills. With inadequate support from teachers due to virtual classrooms, young children may find it difficult to read on their own. Avaz Reader has several reading supports which help them develop their reading vocabulary, phonological awareness, fluency, and comprehension. Take a photo of the assignment worksheet or a screenshot of the ereading worksheet and import it into Reader. You can also import any text in Pdf format. The app reads the text aloud and this supports learners who comprehend better when they listen to information. Word Hints As the child reads text, there are a wide range of hints available for each word. Just tap on any word and the app provides several hints that make reading easier for young children. These hints include Syllable hint, Picture Hint, Pronunciation hint, Word family hint, etc. Comprehension Tool The comprehension tool highlights different parts of the sentence so that the child does not miss any key information. This helps children pay attention to every detail of the text, thus ensuring better comprehension. Focus Mode Children who get overwhelmed by long passages can benefit from Focus Mode which helps them read one line of the text at a time. Finger Tracking The pencil icon on the reading page which can be dragged with the help of a finger shows all the words they’ve already read. If your child is prone to skipping words as they read, then the finger tracking tool can be a great help. Apart from these awesome reading supports, Reader also has several cool and interesting stories for children to read and we are adding more books every week. Get Avaz Reader today and help children discover the joy of reading. Hope Avaz Reader serves as a reading buddy for your child guiding them whether they are reading for school or for pleasure.
Smart Games AAC users can Play with Digital Assistants
Memory Tic Tac ToeCommand: Alexa, Tic Tac Toe This classic game of noughts and crosses can be played from memory. While older children can play this game without pen and paper, younger children may need a little help for them to remember the positions. AAC users will need the vocabulary for all the 9 positions of the game programmed into their AAC system.
True or FalseCommand: Alexa, True or False This is an exciting game for kids to test their knowledge about the world by answering either "true" or "false". This game has a multiplayer mode which means that the whole family can play too.
Rock PaperCommand: Hey Google, Talk to Rock Paper This rock-paper-scissors-lizard-Spock game which can be played both with Google Home and Google Assistant on phones is an expansion on the traditional Rock, Paper, Scissors game. AAC users will need vocabulary for all the variables such as Scissors, Paper, Rock, Lizard, and Spock added in their AAC system.Alexa, Play Connect 4 Kids can enjoy playing the game "Connect-Four" against Alexa. If you don’t have Echo Show and Echo Spot, play with an actual Connect 4 set or open the website https://calcbox.de to see the game board. Customize your child’s AAC system to include the commands 'Start a new game' and 'I throw into slot #' for this game. After you have made your move, Alexa makes her move and awaits your next move as an answer.
Animal soundsCommand: Hey Google, Talk to Animal Sounds How does a fox sound? What about the hippo? This is a wonderful game or those curious minds who wonder about animal sounds. Make sure to include the above mentioned command in the child’s AAC system to start playing this game.
Yucky soundCommand: Alexa, Open Yucky Sound Does your child have a huge laugh hearing fart and burp sounds? Then this is just the right game for them 😆 Some commands to include in the AAC system are: Open Yucky Sound, Burp sound, and Suprise me.
Fart noisesCommand: Hey Google, Talk to Fart Noises Google Home and Google assistant don’t shy away from giving us the best silly fart noises. Include the above mentioned command in your child’s AAC system and let your child have fun listening to some big ones and some nasty ones. 🤣🤣 Games with smart assistants can motivate AAC use in emergent communicators and they are also an excellent way to teach the core words, Stop, More, Yes, and No. Asking the smart assistant to ask for more of a game or stop a game, or answering Yes/No if they wish to continue a game teaches children the power of these core words and how they can manipulate their environment by mastering these words.
Find more AAC Resources including free printables here.
Core Word Ideas
Convert Any Book into Audiobook: Supporting Your Child’s Learning During School Closures
AAC Everyday: Reflecting on the Day with AAC
Download this resource as a PDF here: Recap Your Day with AACWe are all still adjusting to the new realities although it's been a few weeks now since most of us have been staying at home. Discussing the day’s plans with your child at the beginning of the day prepares them for the various activities. But in times like these, our well-crafted plans may go for a toss and that’s okay. Taking some time to discuss how the day went gives a great opportunity to get your child’s inputs on how they’d like to structure their day. Isn’t this a wonderful way to encourage AAC use and choice-making as you get insights on how to plan the next day? This ritual highly recommended by experts involves families discussing the highs and lows of each day. This helps in reassessing goals and priorities. Praise your child for all their completed tasks. This reinforcement motivates them to do better. Talk to them about things they need to work on. Giving specific instructions gives them clarity on what they are expected to do. List all the things you are grateful for and encourage your child to do so too. Talk a little about things that are going on around the world and how several people are working hard to keep us safe. Encourage your child to talk about their emotions. A good way to do that is to talk about your own emotions. There are going to be good and bad days. Discuss how we can deal with negative emotions and reassure them that you will support them when they’re having a rough time. Allow your child to decide how they want to schedule their favourite activities during the day. This gives them a sense of control and power and helps them with decision-making skills. Be ready to be flexible and try to accommodate their requests. You can use the ‘First-Then” method to tell them if they finished a certain activity first, then they can have their way with their favourite activity.
Conversation IdeasChildren may find it difficult to recall how the day went or may struggle to communicate it to you. You can start by talking about the peaks and pits of your day. I’m going to start with the best part of my day. I was glad I could complete my project on time. I was annoyed to see the mess on the table. Once you’ve discussed your day, you can encourage your child to talk about theirs. Give them prompts if needed and remind them of the activities they did during the day. If you have a planner or a visual schedule that your child follows, seeing it may help children recall what they did during the day. Do you think today was fun? What activity did you enjoy the most? The mermaid book used to be my favourite too. If your child has not completed an activity, give them a chance to explain why. Hear them out before telling them why you expect them to complete the activity and how you can help them with it. You did not do exercise today. Would you like to dance during exercise time?
Core wordsHere are a few core words you can model during your daily reflections with the family:
- Let’s talk about the best parts of today
- I liked the game we played
- Your brother was upset
- What didn’t you like about the movie?
- You did a great job!
- Thanks for helping me clean
- Would you like more playtime tomorrow?
- You finished all your homework
- Grandma was happy to talk to you
- Let’s play the game again tomorrow
Communicative FunctionsFor emergent communicators, AAC is often used only for questions or requesting. Here’s a range of communicative functions you can use AAC for while discussing the good and the not-so-good parts of the day:
- Question: Did you enjoy reading the book about aliens?
- Comment: I love Taco Tuesdays
- Describe: The weather has been lovely today
- Instruct: Let’s talk about the good stuff first
- Request information: What game would you like to play tomorrow?
- Express feelings: I was upset when my computer stopped working
- Joke: Do you know why our dog loved today? Because he thought it was ‘CHEWS’ day 🤣 🤣
Find more AAC ideas and activities here.
Storytime with Avaz Reader
AAC Everyday: Strengthening Bonds Through Family Anecdotes and AAC
Download this resource as a PDF here: Family Anecdotes and AACEvery family has its share of stories - silly stories of mom and her cousins playing together as children, or sentimental stories of grandma making pancakes for dad and his siblings. Some of the most delicious recipes, family traditions, and impressive skills get passed on to future generations through these stories. With school closures and lockdowns, let's use this opportunity to share these anecdotes with children. And to support our AAC user's learning, let's model away as we tell them these exciting anecdotes.
- Take your family album out to make the storytelling more visual.
- Play a game encouraging your child to identify family members in the photos. This can be a fun game to play with siblings where you can keep score of who can identify more people.
- Connect the anecdote back to your child's life. Ask questions about what they would have done or how they would have felt if in a similar situation.
- Since family stories are replete with myriad emotions and sentiments, this can be a wonderful opportunity to discuss feelings. You can also discuss human relationships, the social bonds we form, and how they are important to lead a fulfilling life.
- Video call a family member or a friend who's part of the anecdote and show them how heartwarming and emotionally uplifting social interactions can be
- I loved flying kites with my friends.
- I used to be excited about breakfast at Grandma's place.
- Grandma's chocolate chip pancakes were the best.
- Let's make pancakes tomorrow.
- This pink dress was my favourite.
- What's your favourite outfit?
- Don't I look just like you in this photo?
- This was the friend who sat next to me in middle school.
- Is your friend nice to you?
- This is my brother's friend.
- He works as a nurse now.
- He helps sick people get well.
- No. That's not me
- Look at Grandpa with his dog.
- That's my mom's painting on the wall
- I stopped watching scary movies after that.
- I kept my marbles under my bed.
- She had the same rag doll
- I had an amazing time at the barn.
Communicative FunctionsFor emergent communicators, AAC is often used only for questions or requesting. Here’s a range of communicative functions you can use AAC for while cooking together:
- Comment: The prank was fun!
- Describe: I had a big red toy car
- Instruct: Be gentle while turning the pages of the album
- Request information: What colour is your toy car?
- Express feelings: I was sad when we moved out of that house.
- Joke: I asked my dad if he knew what a solar eclipse was. He said, "No sun" 🤣 🤣
You can find more AAC ideas and activities here.
Teletherapy with AvazLearn more about Avaz Live, a seamless and simple solution for remote therapy With stay-at home and lockdown orders extended, remote therapy is the need of the hour. Avaz AAC has an inbuilt solution for teletherapy through which a therapist can model language, tweak settings, and demonstrate AAC strategies Lear more about Avaz Live here.
AAC Resources: Games, Activities and Communication Opportunities
AAC and Exercise: A Fun Way to Model and get the Family Fit
Download this AAC activity as a PDF here: AAC Everyday_ ExerciseNo playgrounds, no gym time, no playing with friends. Without their regular dose of physical activities, kids are likely to channel their energies elsewhere. This can spell disaster and create quite a ruckus in the house if they don't have structured activities to satiate their adrenaline cravings. Exercise not only engages kids but can also lift your spirits up as it’s a great stress buster. Think you don't have enough time with the additional responsibilities you've been taking on due to school closures? How about making exercise a family activity? Even better, how about using exercise time to communicate and model language using AAC? This way, you're getting two of your important goals for the day met at the same time. 👍
Say Hello to Your New InstructorBreak down the exercise time into mini workout sessions and let your child lead the family in one of those sessions. Create a separate folder in your high tech AAC system and include icons for the individual routines such as jumping jacks, bear crawl, skipping etc. For example, if your child is great at hula hooping, let them take control of that session and get you all spinning the hoop. You can include phrases in their AAC system that allows them to dictate what you do. Spin faster Spin clockwise Talk to them about what other things they would want the family to do with the hoop. Spin two hoops Remember to pay heed to their orders and give it your best shot even if you can't find a way to keep the hoops from falling to the floor 😂 If your little one is into dance, then let them take charge and teach you a few awesome moves. Choose the soundtrack they would like the family to work out to. What music would you like? This BTS song sounds interesting
Conversation IdeasBuild the conversation from your child's individual interests. Can you jump as high as I do? Who is your favourite dancer? Remember, I used to walk in the mornings with your mom everyday? It's fun working out with you and your sister We must do this everyday This is so much better than working out at the gym. Doing exercise everyday keeps you healthy What activities did you do during gym at school? Did you like gym class? You are an amazing dancer Do you want to take dance lessons? I can look for a few online lessons for you.
Core wordsHere are a list of core words that can be modelled during this activity Arms up over the shoulder Arms down Breathe in Breathe out Can you do this five more times? Want to do the plank again? Now lift the other leg up Do you want to stop now? I'm going to do jumping jacks five times Would you like to rest for a few minutes ? I can feel my heart beating fast
Communicative FunctionsFor emergent communicators, AAC is often used only for questions or requesting. Here’s a range of communicative functions you can use AAC for while doing exercise together:
- Comment: Dancing is fun!
- Describe: Your skipping rope is pink. I have a blue skipping rope
- Instruct: Don't bend your knees
- Request information: How long did you do the plank for?
- Express feelings: I feel relaxed after the workout
- Joke: You know why the line works out? To get in shape 🤣 🤣
COVID-19 Social Stories
A Delicious Way to Continue AAC Learning During Lockdown
Choice Making with a Chef Hat onDiscuss the menu with children. Give them the power to choose what they want to cook with you. What can we make for dinner today? Model on their AAC system and encourage the child to come up with suggestions. Remember to wait for a few seconds for their response. Do you want to help make lasagna, rice, or something else? Keep the question open-ended. They may just blow your mind with a choice of dish that you didn’t see coming. What vegetables do you think will go well with the pasta? Raid the fridge with them so that they can look at the vegetables and make the decision.
Conversation Ideas:This can lead to many interesting conversations. Here are a sample sentences you could say:
- Oh..Zucchini. I love grilled Zucchini salad. Great choice (A little compliment that puts a smile on their face 😊)
- Grandma makes amazing Zucchini fritters. We should make them some day.
- Grandma is a very good cook. You love her pancakes, don’t you?
- This Zucchini is green. Let me get some yellow zucchini. Look, this one is yellow.
- Look, the green zucchini is longer than the yellow zucchini.
Core Words While Cooking
If you're looking for low tech core boards, you can find them here.It’s not a family activity unless you keep communicating, right? Once you've decided on what to cook, you can model throughout the activity.
- I'm going to turn the stove ON
- We need to add more water.
- The water isn't hot yet. We need to wait longer.
- I'm going to close the pot.
- Open the fridge.
- Keep the bowl on the counter.
- I'm putting the rice in the pot.
- Get some butter from the fridge.
- Let's stop stirring.
- Let's start chopping the vegetables.
Communicative FunctionsFor emergent communicators, AAC is often used only for questions or requesting. Here’s a range of communicative functions you can use AAC for while cooking together:
- Question: Can you wash these herbs, please?
- Comment: This pan is too hot.
- Describe: These crisps are yummy
- Instruct: Peel the garlic carefully
- Request information: How many cups of water did you pour?
- Express feelings: This tastes delicious. I’m excited for dad to try this
- Joke: Look. The onion got the cut but I’m the one crying. 🤣 🤣
AAC Everyday: Communication Opportunities in Everyday Life
Self-Care: Put Your Oxygen Mask On First Before Caring for Loved Ones
News Today – Discussing News with AAC Users
This Avaz News book can be downloaded as a PDF here: News Today: Discussing News with AAC UsersThe primary focus of AAC learning is generally on teaching language and communication skills. But AAC users deserve more. They have a right to know what's going on in the world much like we do. Discussing everyday news using AAC is a great way for them to become aware of the happenings around the globe. It is also an excellent way for them to get introduced to complex concepts including emotional intelligence, economics, science, and more. Here’s a piece of news we can discuss with AAC users: The fabulous job that doctors and healthcare workers are doing world over in the fight against COVID 19.
- Start by talking to them about how Coronavirus is making many people sick (Make sure not to overwhelm them by giving too many details)
- Reassure them that there is no need to worry as long as we stay indoors
- Ask them - If everyone is staying home, who's taking care of sick people?
- Time to explain the selfless work of doctors and medical professionals
- About how they are leaving their homes to care for others -> This can lead to a conversation about empathy and the value of caring for others
- Tell them how sick people become ok because of them -> Help them see the rewards of empathy and hard work
- Encourage them to express gratitude for the doctors -> Help them appreciate the efforts of people around them such as family members and friends too.
- Lead by example by saluting the work of the amazing medical professionals -> Demonstrate your appreciation by applauding or saluting the healthcare workers. Children may find it easier to follow if they saw you doing it.
What to say
- Corona virus is making many people sick
- No need to worry as long as we stay indoors
- We are safe when we stay home
- Everyone is staying home
- But who's taking care of sick people
- It’s the doctors who are caring for the sick
- Doctors and healthcare workers are being selfless
- They are leaving their homes
- They are helping for sick in hospitals
- Sick people get well because of them
- We should thank the doctors
- A big salute to the amazing doctors
You can download this News book with larger images as PDF here. Avaz News Book_Amazing DoctorsAvaz Inc. salutes the wonderful doctors and medical professionals. We vow to honour your efforts by following your advice and safety guidelines.
10 Cerebral Palsy Facts and Myths You Must Know
- Myth: CP is caused only by brain injuries at birth
- Myth: Premature births cause CP
- Myth: Everyone with CP has some degree of intellectual disability
- Myth: People with CP cannot communicate
- Myth: People with CP generally have a short life.
- Myth: Children with CP have poor quality of life
- Myth: CP is hereditary
- Myth: People with CP will not be able to walk.
- Myth: CP will get worse with age
- Myth: People with CP cannot lead independent lives
How Reading Apps Help Children with Learning
How Reading Apps HelpLet's see how Jessica could’ve aced her Geography quiz with reading apps such as MDA Avaz Reader: Any written text including textbooks, worksheets, magazines, storybooks, newspapers etc can be read with MDA Avaz Reader. Just take a clear photo of the text to be read and you get a variety of supports readily available. Once Jessica taps the word ‘strait’ in MDA Avaz Reader, she can access the following hints: [caption id="attachment_4664" align="alignleft" width="250"] Picture Hint[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4666" align="aligncenter" width="250"] Pronunciation hint[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4667" align="alignleft" width="250"] Syllable Blend Hint[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4665" align="aligncenter" width="250"] Syllable Hint[/caption]
The Role of Reading AppsConventional reading intervention strategies do an excellent job in preparing the child to overcome their reading challenges. However, the child may not have access to such resources all the time and this can limit their progress. Reading apps can not only complement existing intervention methods but can also serve as a way to ensure that consistent support is available to those who need them. Here are a few ways in which assistive technology offers reading support to children: Independence This is probably the foremost benefit of having a reading app. The child no longer has to wait for someone to help them with a word. If they want to read the latest ‘Diary of a Wimpy Kid’ book, they need not put it off until a parent or teacher can assist them. This ability to read without having to rely on others gives them independence and helps them become more proficient readers. Multisensory Learning Children learn to read and spell better if multisensory techniques are employed in the classroom. They also tend to retain more information when a more engaging and fun approach is taken during instruction. Reading apps provide picture and audio hints providing stimulation for all kinds of learners. Reading Practice With the 24×7 support reading apps provide, children can read at school, at home, while waiting at the dentist’s or while on vacation, and grow their love for reading. Since the app serves as a reading buddy, children do not need to expend their energy in decoding each word. This encourages them to read more! Further, experts suggest that reading volume can significantly influence reading fluency and comprehension.
Shared Reading and Literacy for AAC UsersMDA Avaz Reader is a reading app that offers several reading supports for emergent readers. The Auto-Read feature of the app reads the stories aloud and the speed and the accent of the voice can be customized for each learner. More importantly, MDA Avaz Reader has several reading supports including symbol hint which can help AAC users learn words and build language skills during shared reading. [caption id="attachment_4897" align="alignleft" width="273"] Tap on the word you want to model[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4896" align="aligncenter" width="271"] Picture hint[/caption] When you tap on any word that you want to model, a picture hint shows up. The visual reinforcement can help AAC users easily make the connection between the words in their AAC system and the words in the stories. There are picture hints for the several fringe words too which make it a stimulating reading experience for AAC users. The pencil icon that tracks the word being read can also help the learner focus on that particular word. As children read more, they are likely to pick up key skills that are vital for their literacy. You can also add any PDF or take a photo of a storybook that the child got as a gift or any magazine they enjoy reading. Many children fall behind in school or literacy because they get stuck at words they are not familiar with. This hugely limits their growth and academic performance. A reading app can make a world of difference in enabling children to overcome their reading challenges and to realize their full potential.
Avaz AAC Android: Exciting News About Updates
New Voices, More Voices:Avaz Avaz AAC is all about giving a voice to people having complex communication needs. With that aim, AAC will now feature voices from Google! This gives the user a wider choice of voices. Since Google keeps adding more high quality voices periodically, you’ll keep having more voices to choose from :) You can also change other vocal characteristics such as pitch to make the voice sound more nuanced and appropriate for each user. This means that users can choose voices that best match their personalities and individual preferences. This Android update also gives you access to regional language text to speech voices like Hindi, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Gujarati, Malayalam, Marathi and many more.
Whatsapp Support for Users and Communication PartnersIt’s no secret that proficiency of communication partners has a huge role in the AAC learning of a user. We understand that beginning communicators and their communication partners may need consistent support to get comfortable with the AAC system. To facilitate this, we are planning to send AAC resources regularly over Whatsapp once you opt in for it. Since Whatsapp is an easier medium to reach AAC users, we are hopeful that more AAC users and caregivers will benefit from receiving AAC resources including mini tutorials, how-tos, and more. Now, you can reach out to us over WhatsApp. You can send us quick queries about app features, customization, ways to use Avaz AAC, personalization options etc. This is just another way we can support you in your AAC journey.
Why Google Voices?We are switching to Google voices because our previous voice provider Ivona no longer supports voices for Android. It was a tough decision for us to make and rest assured we considered all options before making this switch. Google voices was chosen for quality and affordability. All other alternatives would have made Avaz AAC unaffordable for a majority of our users - and that would have been very unfair to many kids waiting for a voice. The switch to Google voices means that some voices like Raveena / Ivy / Justin / Sally will no longer be available on Avaz AAC for Android.
Adjusting to New VoicesIn case you use one of the voices that is no longer supported, we completely understand that the voice change might be a challenge. This might be the case especially for the child who is already used to a particular voice. We are extending this advance information to enable you to prepare for this change and to accordingly prepare your child too. As always, we are here to support you! Here are some tips for you to help the user prep for the voice change if applicable to them - TIP 1 As a trial, start by changing the voice in your current app to see how your child is responding to the change. Do this in regular intervals to gradually set expectations for the voice change. How to switch or change voice in your current app - You can change the voice by going to settings and tapping on the Change system voice option. Please note that at present you will be taken to the device settings to change voice. Once you download the update for Avaz AAC Android, you can make these changes from within the app. Tap on 'Language' to choose a voice. TIP 2 Talk to your child about the upcoming change. Using a social story to talk about this will go a long way in explaining it to them. Here’s one example of a social story you can use to do this -
How to Retain the Old VoicesAfter attempting to prepare your child, if you still think your child will not be able to handle the change, there is a way in which you can retain the old voices. Please note - We DO NOT recommend this, but if you see no other way out, you can try this method: Turn off auto-update in your Play store. This will let you retain the original voices. This also means that you will not get any further app updates or new features. Android apps downloaded from the Google Play Store are automatically updated by default.To turn off auto-update, follow these steps:
- Open the Google Play Store on your Android device.
- Tap the Search Box at the top of the Play Store.
- Enter the name of the app and tap Search.
- Tap on the app to open the listing.
- Tap the three-dot overflow menu in the top right-hand corner.
- Click to deselect the checkbox next to Enable auto update.
What to Expect in Future Updates:Sharing Vocabulary Avaz users can soon share vocabulary folders with other Avaz users. This means that if you have created a very useful folder of words, you can share it with others directly from within Avaz AAC itself! Teachers and therapists can share folders and words with parents too! Plus, vocabulary can be shared via WhatsApp as well. Your constructive feedback and suggestions have steered our efforts towards refining our apps. With your continued support, we are determined to include more features that make communication effortless with Avaz AAC.
Let the Games Begin – AAC Games the Whole Family can Play
WHO'S THE BOSS
GAMES WITH DIGITAL ASSISTANTSWith young kids missing school and therapy sessions, exciting games like these can fill their days with fun and joy. It will also enable them to keep in touch with their AAC learning and continue the progress they have made with it at therapy. It can also help in shifting the focus away from the glumness around us and make time for self-care and family well being. Did you like these games? Please share screenshots or videos of how you played the games with friends and family. You can post them in the comment section below or send them to email@example.com
Play Word Chain with AAC
Memory Game with AAC
Play ‘Who’s the Boss?’ with AAC
Autism Acceptance Month Discount: April 1 to 30, 2020
The Discount:50% off on: Avaz AAC : An award-winning communication app for users with speech difficulties arising from ASD, Cerebral Palsy, Downs Syndrome, aphasia, apraxia, strokes & more MDA Avaz Reader : Education app that enables struggling readers become independent readers using research backed strategies. Avaz FreeSpeech : An education app that makes learning English Grammar fun & easy for children with special needs
Help us Spread the WordShare this news with loved ones who have been waiting to buy one of our products. Tell that teacher friend of yours who has been eyeing our products for her school. Or that parent who has been waiting for this discount to give her child a voice.
Queries?Our Support team is here to assist! Reach us 24×7 at firstname.lastname@example.org Please note that the discounted prices mentioned below are for the Lifetime purchase of Avaz AAC, MDA Avaz Reader, and Avaz FreeSpeech apps. [ninja_tables id="2354"] You can avail the discount for Avaz FreeSpeech here. You can also purchase all our products at the App store or at the Play Store Learn more about our assistive technology products that empowers users with communication and learning: Avaz AAC MDA Avaz Reader Avaz FreeSpeech
All you Need to Know to Help Children Cope with the CoronaVirus Pandemic
Talking to Children:Several schools have closed and children may sense the panic even if they do not grasp the gravity of the situation. Not addressing their fears can heighten their anxieties. So, parents and family members must reassure them and help them make sense of all the furore over the pandemic. Children with special needs may need more support to comprehend how the virus spreads and ways to protect themselves. Trusted adults must have an honest conversation about the pandemic, including as much information as they deem appropriate for the child’s age and cognition. For children using AAC (Augmentative and Alternative Communication), visual supports may help in reiterating the steps to follow to keep themselves safe. You can create visual supports now for free on Smarty Symbols by using the promo code HOMEVISUALS. Here are more links with visual supports and information regarding COVID-19:
Wash, Wash, Wash Your HandsWashing hands regularly is general hand hygiene. But young children are not typically known for their squeaky clean hands, given their tendencies to explore things by physically touching them. UNICEF has emphasized the role of correct hand washing techniques and other safe practices for coronavirus prevention. Humming Happy Birthday twice is suggested as a hack to indicate how long we should be washing our hands for. Not a huge fan of the tune? https://washyourlyrics.com/ is a website that lets you use any song as a Wash-your-hands jingle. This has really caught on with netizens who have generated thousands of posters with song lyrics from artistes including BTS, Shakira, Coldplay, etc. Children seem to love the idea of listening to their favourite songs while washing their hands. https://birthday-hands.glitch.me/ is an app that tells you the celebrities you can sing birthday to while washing your hands. Handwashing need not be a drudgery anymore courtesy of these simple and ingenious ideas.With cities in lockdown, and experts urging to practise ‘social distancing’, many adults and children may turn to their smartphones for social engagement. However, experts say that devices are hotbeds of germs. For high tech AAC users, this amplifies the risks because they may need their AAC systems at all times for communication. Given the serious consequences, it’s important to regularly sanitize devices and device cases. Samsung is offering free UV-C light sanitation for some of its devices in several of their Samsung experience stores (Check if your local store offers this service). Apple is instructing iPhone owners to use a cloth dampened with water to clean their phones while warm soapy water can be used for the iPhone 11, 11 Pro, and 11 Pro Max. Apple also says that you can use Clorox wipe or a wipe with 70% isopropyl alcohol to clean your iPhones.
- What Not to Do:
- What You can Do:
Creating a Supportive Learning EnvironmentSchool closures have led to parents struggling to keep their bored children engaged. More and more school districts are opting for virtual classes. But for young children, online classes may not be effective without active adult supervision. For children with special needs, school closures pose additional challenges beyond learning. Parents are concerned about the possibility of childrens’ progress being stalled due to suspension of therapy sessions or classroom instruction. Parents of beginning AAC communicators too worry about children losing ground on their AAC journey and forgetting the skills they’ve picked up painstakingly over several months. But thanks to the power of the internet, children can continue their AAC learning through virtual therapy sessions. Avaz AAC’s Avaz Live is a powerful feature through which therapists can demonstrate AAC strategies on their systems, or take control of the AAC user’s systems and change vocabulary settings. This way, if the AAC user was on course to get additional vocabulary added or to move to advanced vocabulary, they can do so with the help of the expert. If you want to know more about Avaz Live, please reach out to email@example.com. AccessiByte is supporting remote learning for those who use assistive technology by offering free access to its apps. Here are a few more learning and recreational resources to keep children occupied:
- Teachers Pay Teachers has a handy resource for practising AAC without an AAC system
- helpkidzlearn.com/ has apps for eye gaze users
- DId You Know That has several interesting facts explained in ASL
- Khan Academy has several resources including daily schedules for children aged 4 to 18
- Shared Tar Heel Reader is a great place for parents to read books with AAC users while modelling core words
- Emily Diaz has a few useful AAC training tips
- Scholastic offers reading and other projects for different grade levels
- Storylineonline.net has a fun collection of children’s books read by celebrities including Al Gore, Oprah Winfrey, Betty White, Kristen Bell etc.
- Mystery Science is supporting remote learning of science by offering access to their full lessons without signups
- BrainPOP is giving schools closed due to COVID free access to its suite.
- Kahoot is offering free access to its premium features to support schools affected by COVID.
- Book Creator has a bunch of ideas for remote learning
- OMazingKids has listed out a bunch of apps now free on the app store
- Zearn is offering entire K-5 curriculum for free
- thesingingclassroom.com/ has fun resources for grades PreK-6
- pernillesripp.com/ has a list of resources for read-aloud stories
- Growing Book By Book has a list of resources for read-aloud stories
- Achieve3000 has several free printable packets for different grade and reading levels.
- Adventuresinfamilyhood.com has a list of virtual field trips
- Facts4me.com gives free access to its resources til APr. 4, 2020 (Username:read Password:read)
Mental and Emotional HealthThe coronavirus crisis can take a heavy toll on the emotional and mental well being of families trapped within their homes. Adults may have to deal with the financial implications of the lockdown and this can put tremendous strain on them. Worrying about the health of family members and caring for young children staying home due to school closures can add to the stress. It’s important to talk about your difficulties openly with friends and family. While isolation is advised, make sure to stay connected to loved ones through social media and messaging platforms. If you feel overwhelmed, seek help immediately. Your unease can affect how children perceive the crisis. Children may experience a wide range of emotions due to the circumstances surrounding the virus outbreak and maybe unable to express them. Especially those with special needs may not be able to communicate their fears or feelings of distress. Adults must encourage them to express what they feel. While it is important to drive home the significance of following safe practices, this needs to be done discreetly so as to not scare the child. Here are a few resources that explain how to take care of mental health: Telegraph’s video about mental health Guardian’s video to deal with cabin fever WHO has this PDF about mental health considerations https://www.eachmindmatters.org/ask-the-expert/stayingconnected/ CDC has a bunch of resource about reducing-stigma and self care SAMHSA has a few tips for social distancing WHO’s Q&A on mental health during COVID-19 If you know of any other resources or links, please share them in the comment section below. We'll keep updating the post as and when we come across authenticated resources
Small Screen, Huge Impact: Avaz AAC now Available on iPhones
Teaching Verb Tenses The Fun Way
What are Verb Tenses?Verb tenses in English is a combination of Time and Aspect. Time indicates when something happened (past, present, future). Verb aspect indicates whether the actions are repeated, continuous, or happen in a single block of time. Here are the 12 verb tenses:
- Present Simple
- Present Continuous/Progressive
- Present Perfect
- Present Perfect Continuous/Progressive
- Past Simple
- Past Continuous/Progressive
- Past Perfect
- Past Perfect Continuous/Progressive
- Future Simple
- Future Perfect
- Future Continuous/Progressive
- Future Perfect Continuous/Progressive
Present, Past, and FutureLet’s analyze how the app helps learn verb tenses: For example, you compose the sentence, ‘She do homework’, the app automatically recasts it to the grammatically correct sentence, ‘She does homework', which is in present tense. If the child is not sure of how to talk about the action in the past tense, all they have to do is to tap on the ‘PAST’ button. The message box immediately displays the sentence, ‘She did homework’. Similarly, tapping on the ‘FUTURE’ button displays the sentence, ‘She will do homework.’
More Verb TensesIf you want to use Present Continuous, use the combination of ‘PRESENT’ and ‘CONTINUOUS’ buttons. If you want to use Present Perfect, use the combination of ‘PRESENT’ and ‘COMPLETED’ buttons If you want to use Present Perfect Continuous, use the combination of ‘PRESENT’, ‘COMPLETED’ and ‘CONTINUOUS’ buttons Similarly, If you want to use Past Continuous, use the combination of ‘PAST’ and ‘CONTINUOUS’ buttons. If you want to use Past Perfect, use the combination of ‘PAST’ and ‘COMPLETED’ buttons. If you want to use Past Perfect Continuous, use the combination of ‘PAST’, ‘COMPLETED’ and ‘CONTINUOUS’ buttons. If you want to use Future Continuous, use the combination of ‘FUTURE’ and ‘CONTINUOUS’ If you want to use Future Perfect, use the combination of ‘FUTURE’ and ‘COMPLETED’ buttons. If you want to use Future Perfect Continuous, use the combination of ‘FUTURE’, ‘COMPLETED’ and ‘CONTINUOUS’ buttons. Here's the app in action powering through all the 12 verb tenses: As you can see, Avaz FreeSpeech provides a simplified way of teaching verb tenses. It makes the task easier for the teacher or parent and lets the child learn at their own pace. What’s more, you can also create custom challenges so that children can get enough practice using all the tenses. There's a lot more you can do with Avaz FreeSpeech such as negation, questions, and other sentence manipulations. It can also help in expansion and recasting of language. The picture support and audio cues help in multi sensory learning and helps children of all abilities build language. Learn more about Avaz FreeSpeech here.
Avaz AAC User Stories: Why Nishant and his AAC System are Inseparable
Giving Them the PowerAkila says that she didn't have to do much to teach Choice-making to Nishant, who was diagnosed with Autism when he was 3. He had always been particular about the things he wanted and wouldn't settle for anything else. This fit well into the family’s plan for raising an empowered child. Choice-making is an intervention used in children with Autism that allows them to dictate their preferences and have control over the environment. For beginning communicators, providing choices between a much preferred item and something else is a great way to get them to communicate.
Paving the Way for CommunicationAkila rightly warns about the consequences of parents preempting a child's needs. When parents assume a child’s needs and wants, it can lead to them developing a learned behaviour of showing no communicative intent. Parents should instead encourage the child to express their ideas. To facilitate this, we may have to constantly create communication opportunities around the house. Sabotaging the environment is one of the strategies Akila employs as a motivator for communication. It involves keeping the things that a child regularly uses out of their reach or hidden. This creates a scenario where children reach for their AAC systems to request their favourite things. She also talks about the efficacy of reinforcer checklists, which gives caregivers an idea of things to use for rewarding desired behaviour. Reinforcers can be anything that a child enjoys such as cookies or playtime. Akila has a Effective Reinfocers list that includes Indian snacks and desserts. Here’s another sample reinforcer checklist that parents can use to assess what works for their children.
Family that Models TogetherWhile Nishant is a young adult now, fluent with AAC, and has admirable literacy skills, it was not easy getting here. The family experimented with several speech-generating devices (SGDs) and consulted several professionals to support his AAC journey. Nishant instantly took to Avaz because it gave him a voice. He found symbols easier to communicate with, although he had good language skills.The family consistently modelled on the AAC system which had an instrumental role to play in enabling his AAC proficiency. Getting all family members on board can make a world of difference in how an AAC user perceives the AAC system. Especially for emergent communicators, watching their family members use the AAC system for communication can be a major motivator to explore the AAC device.
Find fun ideas for using AAC in everyday life here
Respecting Their Emotional IntelligenceOne of the myths surrounding people with Autism is that they can be indifferent or that they are devoid of emotion. Akila shares a few anecdotes that busts these misconceptions.
- The Sibling Connection
- Source of Solace
Downloadable Low Tech Communication Boards
- Avaz AAC Core Board File size:659 KB
- Avaz AAC Core Vocabulary(More Core Words) File size:1060 KB
- Avaz AAC Feelings File size:1370 KB
- Avaz AAC Questions File size:1240 KB
Download a free trial version of Avaz Francais here.Avaz Francais (French)
- Avaz en Français Mots de Base File size:1277 KB
- Avaz en Français Questions File size:339 KB
- Avaz en Francais réponses et commentaires File size:1180 KB
- Avaz en Francais Rapide File size:3540 KB
Download a free trial version of Avaz India hereAvaz India
- Avaz India_Core File size: 417 KB
- Avaz India_Breakfast File size:356 KB
- Avaz India_Lunch/Dinner File size:1550 KB
Download a free trial version of Avaz Danish here
How Knowing Word Families Helps in Achieving Reading Proficiency
What are Word Families?According to the Oxford Learner’s Dictionaries, word families are a group of related words that are formed from the same word or a group of words with particular features in common. Here are the two word families that are commonly used in reading instruction for beginning and struggling readers:
- Rhyming Word Family
- Morphological Word Family
Why Focus on Word Families?Knowledge of word families helps children build vocabulary. Instead of memorizing spellings and meanings of all words, they learn how to spot patterns, identify root words, and understand their common meanings or sounds. This helps in word recognition leading to the development of their reading fluency. Studies suggest that children learn to connect what they have already learned to what they are currently learning through by observing word similarities. Understanding the concept of root words and their derivatives can help children deduce the meaning of other words in the word family. Experts also say that children tend to read quicker because of the familiarity of the words in word families. They learn to analyze language and understand common grammar rules. For example, knowing that the prefix ‘un’ can indicate negation - this knowledge will help children infer the meaning of words with this prefix, as long as they know the root word. They will understand that ‘unhappy’ is the opposite of ‘happy’ and that ‘untrue’ means ‘not true’. Similarly, understanding that the suffix ‘er’ can indicate more of something, will help them deduce that ‘easier’ means ‘more easy’ and ‘happier’ means ‘more happy’.
How to Teach Word FamiliesEncouraging children to identify rhyming words in a text is at the core of teaching about rhyming word families. Word family charts and games can be useful tools in this effort. For emergent or dyslexic readers, it may not be easy to identify rhyming words. In such cases, the teacher can guide them by emphasizing the similar sounding portions of final syllables in the words being taught. For example, the teacher can take a keyword such as 'cat', and ask the children to find words that end with ‘at’. For morphological word families, classroom instruction should focus on developing the child’s awareness of morphemes, which are the smallest units of language that have meaning. As children grow, they come across academic vocabulary with prefixes or suffixes, such as the prefix ‘hydro’ which means ‘water’ or ‘hydrogen’. So, morphological awareness has a major role to play in comprehension and thus, literacy.
MDA Avaz Reader And Word FamiliesReading instruction can be a complex process and teachers might not have the bandwidth to attend to each child and customize the lesson plans for their individual needs. Assistive tools such as MDA Avaz Reader can be great teaching aids and assist teachers in providing tailor made instruction. The reading assistance app can also be used at home to help children while they read as part of their homework or while reading as a hobby. [gallery size="medium" ids="4385,4384"] MDA Avaz Reader has several exciting stories that give children their daily reading practice. You can also import a PDF into the app or take a photo of the storybook or textbook the child wants to read. In case the child needs help with a word, they can tap the ‘Hint’ button to get rhyming and prefix/suffix hints. Please note that the app also provides additional hints such as syllable, picture and audio hints to help children comprehend a word effectively. [gallery size="medium" ids="4383,4382,4381"] Word families can accelerate vocabulary acquisition by significantly increasing the number of words children have at their command. To achieve reading proficiency, instruction must also focus on teaching other reading strategies concurrently. More importantly, giving ready access to help with digital assistive tools reassures children. It also encourages them to immerse themselves into reading, resulting in improved reading skills and literacy.
Love as a Source of Strength and Joy for Special Needs Families
Have you Backed Up your AAC Vocabulary Yet?
Reasons You Need to Take a BackupWithout customizations, AAC users can struggle to communicate. Customizations help them with motor planning and also give them quick access to frequently used phrases. Backups are essential to safeguard customized AAC content from being lost. Here are a few scenarios where backups can come in handy
- A child forgets to bring their device to school.
- Child Moves to a Different School
- Device Failure
- Inadvertent Deletion of App
- Physical Environment where High Tech AAC use is not Feasible
Effortless Backup with Avaz AACThe Avaz backup includes the entire environment of the app in its current state. This includes:
- the entire picture vocabulary (including custom images added)
- the audio recording (if any)
- all the settings that have been set in the app
- the Saved sentences
- the history of recently spoken sentences
How Often to Take BackupThere is no one backup schedule that can be optimal for everyone. For some users you may add vocabulary more often than others. So, it's always a good idea to back up the AAC app content every time you make significant changes. This way, if you need to restore vocabulary, you'll be able to do so with minimal effort. Regular backing up of AAC content saves you the trouble of having to frantically customize a an user’s AAC system in the event their current AAC system becomes unavailable. It also ensures that the AAC user has continued access to their vocabulary and customizations, thus facilitating uninterrupted communication.
Revisiting Most Loved Avaz Features: Phonetic Match to Support Unrestricted Communication
Importance of Encouraging Invented SpellingChildren and early learners go through several stages of spelling development. They gradually transition from associating sounds with words to learning spelling by paying attention to visual representation. Experts suggest that children can use something called invented spelling as they are progressing through the various stages. Invented spelling is when they create their own spellings depending on their knowledge of sounds, words, and spelling patterns. The significance of invented spelling was not understood until recently. While incorrect spelling was discouraged earlier, it is now seen as a part of the developmental process. According to experts, one of the main benefits of invented spelling is that communication is not stalled due to wrong spelling.
Phonetic Match in Avaz AAC AppAvaz AAC app has word prediction features to facilitate faster communication. Phonetic match is a part of the app’s much appreciated prediction capabilities. It is a way to spell check so that the user’s incorrect spelling does not hold back their communication. A user can type the phonetic spelling, which is the spelling based on the correspondence between letters and sounds. The app prompts with related words that are spelled correctly. The user can choose the appropriate word from the prediction bar and continue to communicate. When the user comes across the correct spelling a few times, it increases the chances of them picking up the right way to spell.
How to Use Phonetic MatchIn the Avaz AAC app, Tap Settings > Prediction and turn ‘Phonetic match’ to ON to enable this. Here are a few examples of how phonetic match predicts words related to the typed words: Here you can see that when the user types the word ‘joos’, the app prompts the words, ‘just’, ‘justice’, ‘juice’, ‘jasmine’, ‘Jesse’, etc. If the user intended to say, ‘want juice’, then they can tap on the right word instead of having to correct the spelling. In the above example, you can see that when the user types ‘lyk’, Avaz AAC app prompts with the words, ‘like’, ‘look’, ‘likely’, ‘looking’ etc on the prediction bar.
Phonetic Match and CommunicationThe importance of spelling cannot be ignored. But it is crucial to make sure that it does not impose any limits on communication. Avaz AAC app prioritizes unrestrained communication and phonetic match is a useful feature that makes way for that. Therefore, it can be seen as a nifty tool that provides opportunities to explore language while ensuring that communication does not suffer due to the scrutiny of spelling.
Avaz Inc: Moving Towards an Integrated Vision of Assistive Technology
The Avaz Inc. LogoWe are proud to unveil the new Avaz Inc. logo to accompany brand consolidation. The logo symbolizes all that we stand for as a company. We believe that inclusion and empowerment involve the fulfillment of several components and processes. True inclusion cannot be achieved without laying the groundwork for the same in all spheres of life. The Avaz Inc. logo is a confluence of all the elements that are essential to the achievement of inclusion and empowerment. Here is a breakdown of the logo and what each element represents: [metaslider id=4045]
What this Change Means for UsAvaz Inc. believes in the power of technological innovation to achieve inclusion and empowerment. All our efforts focus on removing socially imposed barriers to enable people with disabilities to realize their potential. Our company's vision is to create an inclusive society through technology innovation. Our new tagline succinctly captures the essence of the company vision.
Innovation. Inclusion. Empowerment.The new tagline is a call to action. A constant reminder of why we do the things we do. One that pushes us to work harder towards our goals. This encapsulation is at the heart of this brand integration exercise. This effort provides a clear definition of who we are and what we do. It provides a common direction for the company. It allows us to bring together our diverse efforts towards our stated goals under a unified umbrella. Avaz Inc becomes the common thread running through all our products, infusing our shared values and vision into everything we create and do. It enables us to do more of what we do best, with greater impact.
What this Integration Means for youAs Avaz Inc. forges ahead with this rebranding, one thing remains unchanged. It is our commitment to our users and stakeholders. As always we will continue to work towards creating world-class, holistic, technology solutions for people with disabilities. All our endeavours will be focussed on developing products that make the world a better place for everyone. For Avaz Inc., our users come first, always. It is your constant love and support that has encouraged us to venture into new territories in assistive technology. The years spent on research on these new technologies has armed us with a deeper understanding of the challenges faced by people with disabilities. It has endowed us with greater empathy and a renewed determination to create better solutions. The integrated vision and voice of Avaz Inc. will not change anything about Avaz AAC, Avaz FreeSpeech and MDA Avaz Reader - the products that you have grown to know and love. If anything, this move enables us to keep working to make your beloved apps even better! The Avaz Inc. team will continue to put our hearts and souls into fine tuning our existing products. We are coming up with several updates and improved solutions because you deserve nothing but the best. Collaborations with governments and other stakeholders are in the pipeline to ensure that no individual is left without access to the resources they need. All of us here at Avaz Inc. look forward to working with you to bring about access, inclusion, empowerment & equality.
The Many Benefits of Independent Reading for Young Children
What is Independent Reading?Independent reading is a practice where children read text with very little or no assistance from others. It involves children choosing books that they love to read. Since choice is an integral part of this practice, children can be motivated to read more. Children can read voluntarily as a hobby or as part of their homework, and build their literacy. Teachers and parents can offer them guidance in choosing books according to their reading level, and in constructing responses to the text they read.
The Road Map to Better ReadingYoung children get familiar with the print form of language when parents and teachers read to them. Reading aloud helps them get familiar with the concept of words and their associated meanings. In school, children get exposed to shared reading, where the teacher reads a book and encourages them to answer relevant questions. This strategy helps them comprehend text they would have otherwise struggled to understand. In shared reading, the child is actively involved in making predictions or arriving at conclusions about the story being read. Guided reading is a strategy where there is more participation from the children while the teacher acts only as a facilitator. The teacher may provide them a basic understanding of the story but children are expected to do most of the thinking and analyzing. The teacher also prompts the children to give appropriate responses to the text. All the above reading strategies support the reader in developing comprehension and fluency, and prepare them for independent reading.
Benefits of Reading IndependentlyReading in groups may not benefit all children. Those who are easily distracted can miss key points of the book being read. Children who struggle to decode text also may not be able to keep up with peers. These difficulties can discourage them from reading. Independent reading, on the other hand, gives them enough time to focus on words they are not familiar with. This makes reading a positive experience for them. Reading assistance apps such as MDA Avaz Reader provide reading support and enables children to read independently. Since help is just a tap away, children can choose books that they might have been hesitant to pick. This constant availability of help can be comforting, and make reading a rewarding activity. Here are some of the benefits of independent reading:
- Cultivates a Reading Habit
- Develops Reading Stamina
- Enhances Comprehension and Fluency
Liking, Sharing, Commenting, and Posting: Benefits of Social Media for AAC users.
Communicative TemptationsSeveral AAC users are keen on using social media just like their peers do.Young adults, especially, are inclined to know what their friends are up to. They want to comment on their friend’s new profile picture or Instagram story. The thrill of being able to participate in the Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram conversations their friends are having incentivises AAC use for them. The compatibility of high tech AAC systems with messaging platforms has also been a major motivator. AAC users can use the keyboard or use symbols to create messages that can be instantly shared with friends and family.
Societal ParticipationSocial media has evolved into a place where important discussions about politics, economy, human rights, and other key social issues take place. AAC gives users an opportunity to be part of the social discourse. It allows them to be an active participant in society by letting them register their opinions. It also enables them to become more aware of their social responsibilities which helps them become responsible global citizens.
Establishing and Maintaining RelationshipsIt can get difficult for people with complex communication needs to stay connected to their friends and family. They may miss out on opportunities to engage in conversations due to their speech and language difficulties. People with physical disabilities too may not be able to go out and meet their friends as often as their peers. Social media helps such individuals foster and maintain their relationships by connecting virtually. People with developmental disabilities may have social communication problems which can affect the quality of face-to-face interactions. However, with social media, they may not feel as anxious about saying things that may be considered socially inappropriate. Since they need not worry about picking up social cues, or controlling their responses, they can feel less inhibited while interacting with others.
Getting SupportSupport groups on social media can be a major help for individuals with communication deficits. For those with accompanying disorders, these groups can be valuable resources for understanding their condition. Although suggestions given by non-experts are frowned upon and cannot be a substitute for expert advice, social media groups can offer emotional and psychological support. Adults with communication difficulties can also find suitable caregivers and get opinions on affordable healthcare plans.
Easier CommunicationSocial media messages are informal and forgiving on spellings and syntaxes. This relieves AAC users with language difficulties of the pressure to construct grammatically accurate sentences. Face-face interaction can also be difficult for those with processing delays. With social media, they get enough time to form their responses without any pressure.
Fitting InSocial media can make adolescent and adult AAC users feel included. Communication deficits can make them feel alienated and they can become reclusive. Social media gives them a way to engage with others. Since that’s the way others around them seem to be communicating for the most part, AAC users can feel like they belong while using social media.
Controlling the NarrativeIncreased social media visibility of people with disabilities helps them take control of their representation in media and society at large. It helps them present a more accurate picture of their various facets, instead of being defined by their disabilities. People with complex communication needs may not be able to speak. But they can express their humour with memes, convey their protest with hashtags, and show off their multidimensional personalities on social media. AAC users regularly engaging in social media helps in educating others about their rights. It can also spread awareness about disabilities and promote acceptance. Although social media has several advantages, it has its pitfalls that we must carefully consider. It can discourage real-life engagement and result in a lack of personal connection with others. Catfishing and other cybersecurity threats also need to be managed to avoid being duped. AAC users must have necessary privacy settings to avoid having to deal with vile online comments. Since young AAC users may be exposed to more social media risks, parents must ascertain if they are ready for it. They may also have to regularly monitor their social media usage patterns, at least at the outset, to buffer against or prevent negative experiences. Caregivers must enable young AAC users to engage on social media with caution and a bias for self care. Discreet use of social media can provide AAC users a channel for expressing themselves. It can also give them more independence in communication. So, AAC users must be educated and supported so that they can make their voice heard in issues that matter to them.
Avaz Adda: Play, Learn, Communicate!
Our First Avaz Adda - The First of Many!Lalitha Nagarajan, our Director of Community Relations, spearheaded the arrangements, meticulously putting together a list of activities where we could incorporate AAC use while making it fun for the children. The Avaz team ensured that there was no stone left unturned to ensure that the event was exciting for the children. [caption id="attachment_3883" align="alignright" width="372"] Avaz low tech board[/caption] Parents were provided with an outline of the planned activities beforehand so that they could prepare their children for the event. The venue was easily accessible. Arrangements were made for an assigned safe space for children to calm themselves in case they got overwhelmed. Low tech boards printed out from the Avaz app were kept handy at various locations so that no communication opportunity was missed.
Avaz Adda Activities and AAC StrategiesSince there were a few AAC beginners, there was a brief pre-event session explaining AAC best practices for prompting and modelling. Once we ensured that all the Avaz AAC systems were customized and ready, we kickstarted the event with our first activity. Here is the list of all the fun activities and a brief view on the strategies behind each activity: About Me: [caption id="attachment_3868" align="alignright" width="365"] Avaz AAC users introducing themselves to unfamiliar communication partners[/caption] This ice breaker activity was designed for the AAC users to introduce themselves to others. The children had conversations with Avaz volunteers using their respective AAC apps. Here are the AAC strategies behind this activity
- Generalization of Skills
- Expansion of Communicative Functions (Pragmatics)
- Answering Wh questions such as ‘What’ and ‘Who’.
- Greeting people
- Sharing information
- Communicative Temptations
- Expansion of Communicative Functions (Pragmatics):
- Choice making (expressing a preference)
- Asking Questions
- Rejecting - STOP
- Pursuing an activity - MORE
- Life Skills
- Emotional Regulation and Stimulation
A Fun, Exciting Read for Children: ‘Trey the Chef’
Causes, Types, and Management of Stimming Behaviours in Autism
What is stimming?The term 'stim' is an abbreviation of self-stimulatory. It refers to the repetition of body movements, words, sounds, or movement of objects. Stimming, also called stereotypic behaviour is one of the most obvious characteristics of developmental disabilities, and is one of the diagnostic criteria for autism.Neurotypical individuals too can engage in stimming. Biting nails, twirling hair, drumming fingers on a table or jiggling legs are subtler forms of stimming seen in most people. The main differences between typical stimming and stimming in people with autism lie in the quantity, type and the obviousness of the stereotypic behaviours. Behaviours can also be labelled as stimming based on whether they are socially or culturally acceptable. Fidgeting with an object while you are anxious or bored can be considered a more tolerable behaviour than flapping hands or rocking the whole body back and forth. Moreover, people with autism may not be adept at picking up social cues and gauging whether their behaviours are being disruptive. For instance, a neurotypical individual can stop tapping their foot if they notice the negative attention it draws. Those on the spectrum may not only be unaware but also may have less control over their stimming.
What Causes Stimming?The exact causes of stimming are still unknown. There are a variety of emotions that can trigger stimming. Children with autism can stim when they are excited or happy. Boredom, fear, stress and anxiety can also trigger stimming. The intensity and type of stimming can vary from individual to individual. For some, the behaviours may be mild and occasional, while others may engage in stimming more frequently. Some experts are of the opinion that stimming can be a way to stimulate the sensory system when there is a lack of adequate sensory input. Others suggest that people with autism may use stimming as a diversionary tactic for relaxation when they are overwhelmed.
Types of Stimming BehavioursStimming can involve all the senses including visual, auditory, balance and movement, touch, smell and taste. Here are some of the common types of stimming:Staring at lights. Repetitive blinking. Shaking fingers in front of the eyes. Staring at spinning objects. Gazing at objects such as screen savers ceiling fans. Turning lights on and off. Hand-flapping. Eye tracking. Peering from the corners of the eyes. Flipping through books.
Should Stimming Be Controlled?Stimming can be a harmless behaviour that people with autism use for self-regulation. It can help them reduce their anxiety. It can also be a way to calm themselves when they experience a sensory overload. So, many feel that stimming should not be controlled because it can take away a person’s coping mechanism for stressful situations. However, some stimming behaviours can be self-injurious and unmanageable. Head banging, excessive scratching, and pinching can cause serious physical pain. Stimming can also interfere with a child’s learning and social interactions. If a child is staring at objects, it takes their attention away from classroom instruction. In such cases, stimming can be managed by appropriate interventions. Stimming is typically considered to be a response to insufficient sensorimotor stimulation. So, providing replacement behaviours such as squeezing a stress ball or engaging in sensory play activities that involve fine motor skills can help manage stimming. Stimming should not be looked at as an embarrassing or inconvenient behaviour. Nor should it by any means be punished. One of the ways to manage stimming behaviours is by helping people with autism become aware of their triggers. Giving them alternative coping strategies and offering psychological support can also enable them to deal with their emotions in a more positive an safe manner.
Understanding Sensory Seeking and Avoiding Behaviours in Autism
Significance of The Eight SensesIf we take a moment to study the world around us, we can notice the different sensory stimuli we are constantly exposed to. These senses dictate how we experience our environment, and help us interpret the space we inhabit. Here are the eight senses and the information they provide about our surroundings:
- Vestibular System
- Gustatory and Olfactory
- Gustatory and Olfactory
Sensory Issues vs Behavioural IssuesSensory challenges can cause people with autism to indulge in what can be perceived as problem behaviours. Some children may flee a room when they are overstimulated, while others can throw tantrums. Analyzing the cause of such behaviours and identifying triggers can help caregivers to support the child in coping with their sensory issues. Sensory seeking and avoidance behaviours can also interfere with a child’s regular activities and social interactions. Parents and teachers can give the children a ‘sensory diet’, which is a set of activities designed to provide necessary sensory input. Regular sensory diet routines can not only help the child focus on productive tasks, but also help them become more self-aware and confident.
Here’s a Fun Way to Engage AAC Users
- Less and more - hyperlinked to the word more
- Turn taking - hyperlinked to the word turn
- Waiting in line - hyperlinked to the word wait
- Same and different - hyperlinked to the word different
- Emotions - hyperlinked to the word sad
Why Should You Prioritize Reading Fluency in Children?
- Accuracy is reading without making too many mistakes.
- Reading rate is how fast your child reads
- Expression is reading with the right stress and intonation.
Why Focus on Fluency?So what if the child doesn’t read fast? How does it matter if they make a few mistakes while reading? What difference does it make if they don’t read with accurate expression? Fluency has a much bigger impact on a child’s overall reading experience than we might think. When children struggle with reading, they are less likely to enjoy it. This can lead to them look at reading as more of a chore than a fun activity. Fluency also significantly affects reading comprehension. The child might have trouble with making inferences, predictions, and conclusions accurately. Inadequate comprehension also means that the child is unable to make accurate interpretation and evaluation of text. This results in them providing incorrect responses to the text they read.
Can Reading More Lead to Fluency?It’s definitely a good idea to encourage children to read more. For children who do not have trouble decoding text, reading more can immensely improve their fluency. However, for those who have underlying difficulties, more reading may not be an optimal solution. It’s more important to address the root cause of their problems. According to experts, it all boils down to the mental energy spent in reading. Children who spend most of their mental power decoding text might have very little mental capacity left for comprehension. So, reading more without appropriate intervention only results in more time dedicated to decoding text, with very little scope for improvement in comprehension. [caption id="attachment_3763" align="alignright" width="300"] A reading buddy can motivate a child to read[/caption]
What can You do to Develop Your Child’s Fluency?Here are a few strategies that can be used to help children become fluent in reading.
- Reading aloud to a child and having the child read along.
- Breaking larger text into smaller chunks.
- Encourage the child to track the words they read with a finger so that they don’t skip words.
- Assigning a reading buddy so that the child gets the help they need.
- [caption id="attachment_3762" align="alignright" width="300"] Parent assisted reading can help a child become fluent[/caption] Making sure that the child understands the meaning of each word.
- Providing visual representation which helps young children understand the meaning of words better.
- Teaching children to identify phrase boundaries.
- Building a child’s vocabulary. The more words a child is familiar with, the less they get stuck with new words.
- Repeated reading can help the child notice details they may have missed during earlier reading attempts.
The Role of Assisted ReadingParent assisted reading, peer assisted reading or technology assisted reading can play a major role in improving fluency and comprehension. Assistive technologies, especially, can amplify opportunities for fluency development primarily because of their 24x7 availability. Moreover, the availability of a wide range of reading supports in these technologies pave the way for children to read without difficulty. [metaslider id=3766] Assistive reading apps such as MDA Avaz Reader enable children to read independently. This promotes their confidence and serves as a great motivator. Children find reading to be a positive experience and tend to read more, because they have a digital reading buddy with them all the time. The resultant reading fluency tremendously improves reading comprehension, laying the foundation for their academic success and knowledge expansion.
Looking Ahead- 2020
What’s in store for 2020?As we begin the year with renewed energy and an even stronger sense of focus, here is what we as a team are envisioning for 2020.
Breaking Down Accessibility BarriersAvaz is determined to ensure that language is no longer an obstacle that restricts an individual from expressing themselves. We will continue to work towards providing users access to AAC in multiple languages. We already support 15 on Avaz AAC and will add new ones soon. Did you know that we added 2 very contrasting languages in 2019 - Faroese and Bangla? This is what we love to do and are good at :) We partner with folks from across the globe and work together to create Avaz AAC - which will provide a voice for thousands of people in the language that their loved ones speak. Drop me a note to collaborate with us to support a new language - firstname.lastname@example.org In late 2018, we released the Avaz AAC for Android phones and people loved it. Parents could use it as a companion app while their child used the tablet. Or they could trial Avaz on an Android phone before investing in an expensive tablet. One of our most frequent customer requests has been for an iPhone version of Avaz. I am very excited to announce that we will be releasing Avaz for iPhones in early 2020.
Keep getting better everydayIn 2020, and throughout this decade, we will continue to add exciting features to our set of products. In 2019, we released our first product in the space of assistive reading – MDA Avaz Reader. We have received great feedback from our users and will continue to add some state of the art speech and analytics related features to the product in 2020. We have a great set of small yet handy features coming out soon for Avaz AAC – thanks entirely to customers and experts who have shared feedback with us over the years. Keep watching this space for more on that! Leave us a comment if you would like to tell us what we can improve in our products.
Empowering Parents as Communication PartnersCommunication partner training has been a central focus at Avaz for the last few years and will continue to be so. We are getting closer to an inflection point - a day when modeling AAC will not be “jargon” any more. We did weekly webinars talking about communication and Avaz this year and it was heartwarming to see the response. It helped us spread the word about AAC in the remotest of places! It only strengthened our resolve to scale this further in 2020. Experts play a critical role in spreading the word about AAC in geographies where the awareness is still growing. Hence, collaborating with experts like Lauren Enders, 2020 will see us sharing knowledge in different ways with parents, educators and speech therapists.
Beyond AACOur vision is to create a world where every learner is empowered to fulfill their entire potential. Having started our journey in the assistive technology space with the Avaz AAC app, we have evolved our product portfolio with newer products over the years. Our portfolio now includes Avaz FreeSpeech for language development, Communication Adventures for communication partner training and Avaz Reader for helping children with reading disabilities. This journey has just started. This year and the coming decade will see many further advances in technology and product development from the Avaz Inc. In 2020, we are actively seeking collaborators to solve some of the hairiest problems in the special education space. Drop me a note here - email@example.com
<<My Wishlist to Make 2020 More Inclusive>>1.Busting myths like “Will AAC impact Speech development?” once and for all! The research says – Definitely No. AAC myths like these are so 2019! 2.An honest conversation about screen time – Yes, WHO has recommended limited screen time for young children. However, if a child can’t communicate their thoughts, their needs – isn’t it unfair to deny them a voice on the assumption that they might get “addicted” to it? Besides, research suggests that not all screen time is bad. It’s important that we distinguish between active screen time which may have positive effects, when compared to passive screen time where children are sedentary. AAC falls under active screen time because there is two-way communication, interaction with a communication partner, and language use. It leads to children being more confident – because they can communicate what they want! They are able to access knowledge the way that they understand best. This is why AAC experts believe that screen time limits should not apply to AAC systems. However, the concern of “addiction” is real. And there are ways in which this addiction can be mitigated. - Let’s not throw the baby out with the bathwater. 3.Can we see more people using AAC in public places? Events like these should be mundane and should not deem a second glance! - 4.India embracing assistive technology to empower children with learning disabilities! The RPwD Act 2016 has been a step forward for India. It will be fantastic to see new policies being crafted and funding being allocated for assistive technologies. The Inclusive Education policies under the Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan are also a great addition. There are encouraging signs with various state governments in India showing interest in including technology interventions to make schools inclusive. We are looking to partner with the government to create policies that will address challenges in the assistive technology space. Here’s wishing you and your family a wonder-filled, adventurous and healthy 2020!! Love Narayanan ________________________________________________ Narayanan “Nadu” Ramakrishnan is CEO, Avaz Inc. He's deeply passionate about making technology work for inclusion and access. A compulsive collector of stationery, lover of long road trips, biryani and podcasts, when not busy coding. Follow him on LinkedIn
The 2019 Avaz Round-Up
New Products, Strengthening PartnershipsAvaz Inc. is a huge proponent of ensuring AAC vocabulary access in users’ own native languages. This year, we were thrilled to release Avaz in two more languages, namely Bangla and Faroese. We also launched MDA Avaz Reader, a reading assistance app that enables children to read better. This is our endeavour to provide reading practice and support to children so that they can discover the joy of reading.
- Avaz AAC Bangla
- Avaz AAC Faroese
- MDA Avaz Reader
- Avaz AAC in Tamilnadu
AAC Awareness Activities:Even with all the advancements in AAC technology, it is disheartening to see that several people with complex communication needs do not get to realize their full potential. There are three main underlying causes for this:
- A lack of awareness about AAC
- Unfounded fears and unsubstantiated myths about AAC
- Inadequate access to AAC resources
- Webinar Sessions
- AAC Awareness Workshops
- We were part of AAC awareness week events conducted in All India Institute of Speech and Hearing (AIISH), Mysuru during October. We spent an entire day emphasizing the benefits of AAC. We had live interactive sessions with parents, who were thrilled to participate in all the activities. Parents were split into teams and given a few communication scenarios. They were then asked to create relevant folders and icons in Avaz for the same. Parents showed great enthusiasm taking the stage to explain how effortlessly they were able to customize Avaz.
- We conducted workshops for students and members of faculty in several organizations including NIEPMD(Chennai), SR Chandrashekar Institute of Speech and Hearing (Bangalore), CMC (Vellore), V-Excel (Chennai) etc.
- We trained Speech therapists from Speech clinics / organisations like NISHTA (Chennai), Magpie (Bangalore), CFORAT and Therapy Abroad (California, USA).
- We attended the EMPOWER Conference at Delhi where we reiterated the importance of training parents and caregivers for successful implementation of AAC.
App UpdatesIt has always been our quest to do better, not only for ourselves, but especially for our incredible customers. We constantly look to make improvements so that Avaz users make the best use of the app. Avaz AAC app now displays saved sentences assigned to keys so that the user can easily load these saved sentences. This ensures quick access to frequently used sentences and encourages users to employ them in common scenarios. We have also included an auto clear option so that messages get cleared from the message box after they are spoken out. This speeds up communication without the user having to manually delete previous message before constructing a new one. As we approach yet another exciting year, it’s time to celebrate our successes because they reinforce our faith in team work and diligence. It is also time to look back at things that didn't go according to plan. We choose to remember these as lessons learnt, and forge ahead based on the knowledge gained. Most importantly, it is time for gratitude. We are grateful for your continued support and express our thanks for your constructive feedback. Your confidence in us gives us the impetus to push our boundaries and create even better technologies that enable inclusion, access, dignity, equality & empowerment.
The Importance of Classroom Accommodations for Students with Dyslexia
- Using large font sizes and increasing word spacing of printed text.
- Using audiobooks during reading sessions.
- Using alphabet strips for reinforcing alphabet recognition.
- Providing additional practice activities such as educational games.
- Using number formation prompt strips for independent writing
- Using assistive tools including reading apps such as MDA Avaz Reader, and speech-to-text software to help with writing.
- Providing books for all levels of reading, on varied topics of interest.
Assignments[caption id="attachment_3640" align="alignright" width="446"] Highlighting keywords helps students focus on important details[/caption] Assignments are essential to reaffirm classroom learning and gauge how much the child has learned on an ongoing basis. Here are some of the ways in which dyslexic students can be supported to do their assignments -
- Providing samples of completed assignments to show them what needs to be done.
- Providing a rubric explaining how the assignment will be graded.
- Providing a glossary of words in the assignment.
- Highlighting key words on the worksheets so that the students do not not miss out key information.
- Giving smaller assignments. If the child needs to finish a project, breaking it into smaller assignments so that the child is not discouraged by the huge amount of work to be done.
- Grading the assignments based on comprehension of concepts, ignoring spelling errors.
- Giving them alternate ways to present assignments such as oral reports, or PowerPoint presentations.
Tests[caption id="attachment_3643" align="alignright" width="407"] Taped tests are a great alternative to written questions[/caption] Tests are another crucial component in the learning process. Here are some ways in which tests can be made more accommodating for dyslexic students -
- Providing additional time for taking tests.
- Providing a quiet room for taking tests, and blocking out external stimuli.
- Allowing use of tablets and other assistive devices to take tests.
- Giving taped tests, where students can listen to the audio format of the questions.
- Announcing the tests in advance so that the students get enough time to prepare.
Classroom Instruction[caption id="attachment_3641" align="alignright" width="402"] Learning partners help peers understand the school curriculum[/caption] The classroom can be an intimidating space for a child with dyslexia. If the classroom experience is made dyslexia friendly, dyslexic students can make the most of it. Here is how that can be done -
- Giving typed or written notes of lessons before teaching them.
- Using visual representation while teaching new concepts
- Explaining theory using relevant practical experiments, wherever applicable.
- Assigning learning partners and reading buddies so that they can get help from their peers.
- Writing significant terms on the board so that the student pays attention to them.
- Using audiovisual instructional methods to explain the concepts
- Encouraging daily review of lessons so that they can follow the lesson the next day.
All I Want for Christmas.. Is to be Heard!
Christmas DecorationsTree decorating is an art, they say. It's more an art project. And the more help you get, the better. Get your child involved in decking up the tree. Gamify the task so that children are excited about it. Here are 3 fun ideas to use AAC for tree decoration:
- Create a list of ornaments and load the vocabulary in the child's AAC system. When the child chooses an ornament, the first family member to find the ornament from the box, gets to add it to the tree. This can be an exciting game to play with siblings and cousins. Alternatively, you can also have family members take turns decorating the tree.
- Let your child request their favourite ornaments using the AAC system. Hand them the ornaments one by one as your child requests it, and soon you will have a gorgeous looking tree.
- Pick any ornament from the box. The family member who names it first gets to add it to the tree. Play this game with a limited set of ornaments, so that your child does not have to navigate much in the AAC system to name the ornaments.
Christmas Cards[gallery size="large" columns="2" ids="3621,3620"] Each family has their own Christmas traditions, be it ice skating outdoors, or visiting a holiday fair. If your family sends out christmas cards every year, how about giving the tradition a nice AAC twist? Create relevant icons in the child’s AAC system so that they can send greetings to loved ones, by sharing them on social media. Your friends and family will be more than thrilled to receive personalized greetings from your child. You can share messages created in Avaz AAC app through several social media and messaging apps including Whatsapp, Facebook, and Hangouts.
Christmas FashionWhether you are one of those families that rock hand knit sweaters or matching pajamas, let your child participate in deciding the family’s Christmas outfits. Candy canes, snowflakes, reindeer, or star wars? Onesies or collared Pjs? These are important decisions that determine your style quotient during Christmas. Make sure that your child gets a say in them through their AAC system. If you prefer shopping online, have your child sit next to you, and pick the pattern and colour the whole family can agree on. Christmas is all about getting together as a family and appreciating life's blessings. This Christmas, switch up the fun by including your child in every holiday activity. If you are hosting a party or attending one, read this post to learn useful tips for a magical Christmas. Team Avaz wishes everyone a Merry Christmas. May love, peace, hope, and joy fill your hearts and homes!!!
Visual Schedules for Children with ASD
- Makes big tasks manageable
- Supports caregivers
Types of Visual SchedulesThere is overwhelming evidence suggesting the effectiveness of visual schedules for children with ASD. However, we see that not many parents and teachers use them regularly. They assume that creating a schedule is a laborious task. But the truth is that schedules need not be complex. You can set up a schedule with very little effort by using simple things lying around the house. Different children respond well to different types of visual representations. You can try out the different types of schedules and choose the one that works best for the child. Here are the common types of visual schedules:
- Object Schedules:
- Picture Schedules:
- Written Schedules: [caption id="attachment_3594" align="aligncenter" width="300"] Add smileys or stickers to make the schedule exciting[/caption]
Avaz FreeSpeech: An Exciting Way to Develop Language Skills
Scaffolding:Scaffolding refers to the use of instructional techniques to help learners achieve better and deeper understanding of language. It involves providing assistance to learners so that they progress and go to the next level in their language capabilities. When the learner says, "eat pizza", Avaz FreeSpeech prompts them to add more details by asking the question "What kind?"
RecastingRecasting is the corrective reformulation of a learner’s utterances. Evidence suggests that students repeat recasts, thereby learning correct usage of language. When the learner says, "He eat pizza", Avaz FreeSpeech corrects it to the grammatically correct sentence "He eats pizza".
BridgingBridging is the technique of teaching new concepts by building up on the learner’s existing knowledge. For bilingual learners, this helps in developing fluency in a second language, while maintaining their proficiency of native language. [gallery columns="2" size="large" ids="3567,3568"]
Gamification:Gamification is an educational approach that aims to maximize the engagement of learners using fun elements that promote learning. According to research, learners acquire and retain more information through gamification than conventional teaching methods. [caption id="attachment_3569" align="aligncenter" width="474"] Exciting challenges in Avaz FreeSpeech make learning grammar a fun experience. Parents and teachers can also create custom challenges based on the child's progress.[/caption]
Reward System:Setting small goals motivates people to work towards achieving them. Subsequently rewarding them for successful completion of tasks gives them a sense of accomplishment. It also encourages them to put in more effort and reach for higher goals. [caption id="attachment_3570" align="aligncenter" width="515"] The learner gets instant reinforcement once they ace a challenge in Avaz FreeSpeech[/caption]
Multi-sensory Learning:Multi-sensory learning refers to the engagement of more than one sense in learning environments. Since multiple senses of the learner are stimulated, it results in greater understanding. It also gives students of all abilities an alternative way to learn and process information.
- Visual Learning
- Auditory Learning
- Tactile Learning
Independent Learning:Typically, a parent or teacher expands or offers corrective feedback to the learner’s utterances. However, when an individual is able to learn by themselves, it develops their metacognition and self-assessment skills. This instills confidence in them and boosts their self-worth. [caption id="attachment_3573" align="aligncenter" width="512"] Visual cues and question prompts in Avaz FreeSpeech guide users so that they can learn by themselves.[/caption] Avaz FreeSpeech is a unique app with grammar prediction and errorless modelling. These game changing functionalities help learners develop language skills. It is suitable for any learner who wants to build their language skills, be it a bilingual student or an individual with language impairments. With gamification and picture supports, the app complements conventional methods of language development, while offering a gripping way to improve language competency.
Revisiting Most loved Avaz Features: Dashboard for Caregiver Training
- Practice modelling
- Learn related AAC strategies
- Model any sentence that you wish to model, besides those available for practice.
- Monitor the user's progress
Practice ModellingLet’s take a look at ‘Playing a Game in the Park’ scenario. You can practice 18 sentences related to this activity. Let’s choose the 6th sentence ‘It is your turn to throw the ball’, and see how the app guides you to model that sentence. These examples are given so that you get familiar with the layout and folder locations. If the child is a beginning communicator, you may want to model fewer keywords. The number of words you model largely depends on the language competence and the cognitive abilities of the AAC user. [metaslider id=3525] With that, you have just learned how to model keywords of a sentence in the Avaz app. Congrats!!
AAC StrategiesNow that you have learned to model sentences while the child plays at the park, it is important to understand the significant AAC strategies to employ. Understanding strategies will enable you to follow the do's and don'ts of modelling. What kind of questions to ask? How to expand and extend the child's vocabulary? How to encourage the child to communicate? These are some of the things that are covered in the AAC strategies tutorial. [metaslider id=3543]
Learning to Model Your SentencesThe 'My Sentences' tab on the Dashboard lets you add any sentence you wish to model. [metaslider id=3537] It must be noted that Avaz AAC app lets you add multiple words to a particular category, at one go. Once all the words in the sentence are added, then the app shows you how to access these words through visual cues.
AnalyticsAnalytics helps you keep track of the child's progress. You can find out the length of sentences and percentage of core vocabulary used for a given period. The pictorial representation with charts and graphs will help you monitor the usage and make necessary changes for further improvements. Avaz prioritizes caregiver training because it plays a pivotal role in developing the communication skills of children with complex communication needs. For beginners, the tutorials serve as a great tool that introduces them to AAC fundamentals. For Avaz users familiar with the app, Dashboard can provide reinforcement for the strategies they are already employing.
Get the Better of Reading Difficulties with MDA Avaz Reader
Syllable Awareness:Syllables are the smaller units that make up words and language. A single syllable has a vowel sound with or without accompanying consonant sounds. For example, the word ‘eagle’ has two syllables, while the word ‘time’ has only one syllable. The word ‘friends’ has more letters in it than ‘eagle’, but it has only one syllable. [caption id="attachment_3489" align="alignright" width="225"] Syllable Hint[/caption] Children with dyslexia may find it difficult to identify the syllables of a word. A parent or teacher can help them by clapping out the individual syllables of the word. How does MDA Avaz Reader help? If the child wants help with a particular word while reading a text, they can tap on the ‘Hint’ button to get syllable hints. This helps them understand how the word is broken down into individual syllables. Since they do not need the assistance of a parent or teacher, the ‘Hint’ feature promotes their independence in reading.
Rhyme Awareness:This is the ability to identify words that have similar or the same sounds in the final stressed syllable. Essentially, the end of the rhyming words sound similar. For example, the word ‘time’ rhymes with ‘lime’, ‘slime’, ‘mime’, etc. [caption id="attachment_3488" align="alignright" width="225"] Rhyming words hint[/caption] Children with dyslexia can have trouble recognizing rhyming words. However, they can be taught to focus on the end syllables that sound similar. How does MDA Avaz Reader help? While reading the story, the child can tap the ‘Hint’ button to see words that rhyme with the current word they are reading. The hint even highlights the syllables that have matching sounds. This helps the child gain an understanding of the connection between the syllables and their sounds. As the child develops their rhyme awareness, they can go on to produce rhyming words.
Vocabulary AcquisitionDue to the challenges they face, children with dyslexia generally have much less vocabulary at their disposal compared to their peers. One of the best ways to acquire a rich vocabulary is to read. However, children with dyslexia may avoid reading due to the strain it puts on them. The lack of adequate vocabulary affects their comprehension and expressive language. Their difficulties with pronunciation can also prevent them from actively using their existing vocabulary. [caption id="attachment_3490" align="alignright" width="144"] Picture hint[/caption] How does MDA Avaz Reader Help? Research suggests that visual representation is an effective technique for a child to learn new words and recall them. Attractive and colourful images can spark their curiosity, and can be more engaging than plain text. MDA Avaz Reader provides picture hints for words. While reading a word, the child can tap the ‘Hint’ button to see the picture hint. Looking at the image corresponding to the word helps them remember the word and what it represents. MDA Avaz Reader also provides audio clips to teach pronunciation. Children typically learn words with more enthusiasm with such multisensory techniques that include audio and visual clues. [video width="1920" height="1080" mp4="https://www.avazapp.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/MDA.mp4" autoplay="true"][/video] Dyslexics who overcome their challenges and become successful in life, recall their traumatic school experiences caused by their reading difficulties. It is unfortunate that many such children do not achieve anything more than basic literacy. Poor academic performance resulting from their challenges stifles their confidence and stresses them out. Without adequate support, many children with dyslexia suffer from low self-esteem, leading to social and emotional issues. MDA Avaz Reader app is a handy tool that enables children to read independently. This boosts their chances of academic success, and elevates their sense of self-worth.
How to Develop Emotional Competence of an AAC User
Components of Emotional IntelligenceEmotional intelligence is essentially the ability to identify emotions and use them appropriately. Since emotional intelligence influences the quality of a child’s relationships and their social life, it is important to understand what we really mean by it. Here are the key components of emotional intelligence and the corresponding skills we need to foster in children with special needs:
- Emotional Regulation
- Social Skills
Emotional Intelligence of Special Needs ChildrenTeaching emotional skills to any child can be tricky. It can be more difficult for children with special needs because physical deficits and cognitive impairments can affect how well they understand and distinguish the various emotions. Here are a few things to do to help them learn to identify, regulate, and express their emotions. Read Stories Reading stories is an excellent way to teach the child to identify the different emotions. As you are reading, talk about the main characters in the story and discuss their feelings. Draw the child’s attention to the change in emotions of the characters throughout the story. If the boy in the story was sad that he couldn’t find his favourite ball, make sure that the child understands the correlation between the event and the emotion. If at the end of the story, the boy is happy that he got a new ball, talk to the child about the shift in the emotional state of the character. Ask the child what they are feeling about the events in the story. Are they sad that the boy lost his ball? Are they happy that the boy got a new ball? Asking them such questions is a good way to teach empathy to the child. Encourage the Child to Talk Children with special needs can get better at talking about their feelings, the more they do it. Asking them questions regularly can help them open up about their emotions. Build on their answers and help them elaborate, and be specific by asking consecutive questions. If you ask ‘How are you feeling now?’, and they answered, ‘Mad’, ask further questions to help them explore their emotions. ‘Why are you mad?” If the child doesn’t know how to answer the question, you can proceed by giving them possible causes. ‘Are you mad because I asked you to stop watching TV or are you mad because the music is too loud for you?’ Continue the conversation until the child is able to recognize the exact cause of their emotion. If they indicate that that they do not wish to talk about it, talk to them about some of your experiences in similar situations. Give Them The Vocabulary ‘I’m excited’ is not the same as ‘I’m happy’. The AAC user should be taught extensive vocabulary to express distinct emotions. The best way for a communication partner to do this is to talk about their own feelings in various situations. If you are taking the child to their favourite movie, you can say ‘I’m excited to watch this movie with you.’ When the child is waiting for his grandparents to arrive, you can say, “Are you excited about seeing grandpa?’ Consistently using the word ‘excited’ both in direct conversation with the child, and conversations with other communication partners familiarizes the child with the word. Modelling the word in the AAC system whenever you use it, can motivate the child to use the word to express their excitement. Adding too many emotion words at the beginning can be confusing and overwhelming for a user. Start slow, and as the child’s emotional intelligence grows, make sure to include additional words that describe the different emotions. Visual supports and role play can also help your child develop their emotional competence. If you know of an upcoming or recurring situation that causes emotional upheaval in your child, discuss it in advance. Having a conversation about the event when the child is calmer, helps them understand the situation better. This can help them regulate their emotional response to the event. Each child has different cognitive abilities and emotional awareness. Hence, while teaching children emotional skills, parents and teachers should exercise their judgment. This will help in choosing the method that best suits the child’s needs.
Tips for Shared Reading with an AAC System
Pick a Book of Their ChoiceStart by asking the child whether they are up for reading. “Would you like to read now?" Give them the choice to say ‘No’. Forcing a child to read when they are not keen on it will make the activity stressful for the parent and the child. If they show interest in reading, the next step is to ask what book they’d like to read. If they have clear favourites, you can let them choose one of their favourite books. “Would you like to read ‘The Hare and the Tortoise’, ‘The Lion and the Mouse’, or some other book?" Once they pick a book, you can start reading with the child.
Have a ConversationIt’s not just about asking questions. As much as you want to know how much your child has understood, bombarding them with questions can get monotonous. The child can feel tested while all they wanted was a fun reading session with you. So, give room for casual conversation where you share your thoughts and observations. “I think it is great that the tortoise won at the end.” “I’m happy that the tortoise won the race. Are you happy that the tortoise won?” “The hare lost because it took a nap.” “Hurray! The tortoise won!!” “Look. The tortoise looks happy because it won.” “I think that the hare is upset that it lost.” “Look at all the animals cheering the tortoise and the hare.” “What animals do you see other than the tortoise and the hare?” “Look at the elephant. The big elephant is watching the race.”
Be Ready to ModelReading can be a wonderful opportunity to model. Keep the AAC system nearby as you read the story, so that you don’t miss the chance to model. We have put together some examples of modeling using the classic “Hare and the Tortoise” story. Words in italics are a few words you can model for beginning communicators while reading this story.
Ask QuestionsIf you are reading the ‘The Hare and the Tortoise’, you can point to the pictures and talk about them. “Look at the hare.” You can draw the child’s attention to the characters so that they can follow the story as it progresses. “What colour is the hare?” Ask ‘wh’ questions related to the story and look expectantly at the child, indicating that you are looking for a response. Children with cognitive deficits and developmental disabilities can take longer to respond. It’s a good practice to pause for a few seconds to give the child time to construct a response. If the child does not respond, you can answer the question to keep the conversation going. “The hare is brown in colour. Look at the hare. It’s brown.” As you read further, you can ask other questions to see if the child has understood what you have read. “What is the hare doing?” Again, pause for a few seconds and look expectantly to encourage the child to respond.
Expansion and ExtensionExpansion is the process in which you repeat what the child says, and add missing words to make it grammatically correct. Try not to rephrase too much as that can confuse the child. If the child answers, “run” to the question “What is the hare doing?”, then it’s a great opportunity for you to expand the conversation. “Yes! Run. The hare is running.” Show excitement when the child replies and acknowledge their answer. This will motivate them to continue responding to your questions. Extension of language involves providing a little more new information. This information is related to what the child has just said. “Yes! The hare is running. It is running fast” Depending on the child’s fondness for reading, and cognitive abilities, you can build on these strategies and have more elaborate conversations. Shared reading is a great way to encourage interactive communication, while simultaneously developing the child’s vocabulary and AAC proficiency.
Equipping Children with Special Needs to Tackle Bullying in Schools
Bullying and Children with Special NeedsBullying is a problem that most children face, but those with special needs are easy targets because they may be different. Some children with special needs may be physically weaker, or appear to be weaker. Unfortunately, their lack of physical strength, or physical disabilities, can make them the chosen ones for bullies to pick on. Children who have communication deficits too are often at the receiving end of bullying because they may not have the tools to stand up for themselves. Those with cognitive impairments might be socially inept, and may seem out of place in social settings. This can invite the attention of troublemakers, and put them at risk of being bullied.
What can Schools do?Schools need to have strong anti-bullying programs that educate children about the evil side of bullying. Children must be made aware of the long-lasting effects of the same. At the classroom level, the teacher is the best person to tackle bullying. We see that children hesitate to come forward and report bullying because they may be seen as tattletales. Some teachers inadvertently become a party to the bullying by making callous remarks that suggest that the victims should 'toughen up' or 'let it go'. Hence teachers should be trained to identify signs of bullying and equipped to handle the same. They need to develop an environment of trust and reassurance in the classroom to indicate that no bullying complaint will be trivialized. Children must be taught empathy and how to acknowledge and embrace differences. As can happen with young children, there can be ruffled sentiments that are caused unintentionally. So, teachers must educate the children to be sensitive, discreet, and thoughtful in their actions and words. Counsellors can play an important role in building a school wide understanding of the ill effects of bullying. Classroom learning can be further reiterated by counsellors who should work to inculcate a culture of open communication at school. This will ensure that children feel comfortable opening up about their troubles.
What can Parents do?Parents must ensure that children have a strong sense of self-worth, so that their confidence dosen’t suffer due to bullies who constantly put them down. Children should be encouraged to pursue their hobbies and passions. Hobbies are good stress-busters and are also a good diversion from their anxieties. Parents should encourage the children to talk about their feelings, and to seek help if needed. If they notice the children becoming withdrawn or unusually quiet, they can talk to them to find out if something is wrong. A sudden drop in grades or a diminished interest in going to school may also be indicators of bullying. Children should be exposed to social environments so that they are comfortable when interacting with others. Parents must support their children in their attempts to establish social connections. They can arrange playdates with children of like-minded parents. They can also take them to libraries and NGOs, where the children can participate in fun events.
How Can AAC Help?We would all love to see a child using their AAC system to stand up to their harasser, and end the bullying themselves, right? For a child with complex communication needs, just being able to say 'Stop' and 'No', gives them the power to protest. So, their AAC systems should always be at hand and provide them quick access to such words. The child can also use the AAC system to report the bullying to their teachers and parents. They can also be taught about how to deal with bullying using social stories on the AAC system. A separate emergency folder can be created for times of distress explaining the steps to follow and people to turn to for help. Bullying can cause scars that children may carry well into their adulthood. Children with disability and complex communication needs must be enabled to build strong agency to stand up to bullies. Till such time they can do it themselves , the responsibility falls on the adults in their lives to protect them. So, parents and teachers should join hands to put an end to bullying. This will ensure that schools are nurturing and safe spaces they are meant to be. What do you think about bullying in schools? Please share your ideas in the comment section below.
How Assistive Technology for Dyslexia Helps Struggling Readers
Why use Assistive Apps?Several schools have early intervention programs to support children with Dyslexia. They use research-based multisensory instruction techniques to help children with focus. Even as the children receive such targeted help, it is important to supplement school programs with adequate assistance at home. This is where an app such as MDA Avaz Reader comes into play. Assistive apps are handy tools that give children with dyslexia access to reading support at home, so that they can keep up with their peers. In the U.S and U.K, schools have specialized instruction programs for children with dyslexia. But for children in less developed parts of the world, reading intervention programs can be sparse or non-existent. Without proper support, children with dyslexia can be labelled ‘slow, ‘lazy’, and ‘stupid’ which can result in them suffering from low self-esteem. Some may even drop out of school due to their dismal academic performance caused by their reading challenges. Assistive apps can enable such children to perform well in school by helping them read and comprehend written text better. Adults with Dyslexia too can face problems in the workplace due to their reading difficulties. They can have trouble reading and comprehending documents, spreadsheets,and graphs. Assistive apps can help them manage their difficulties, so that their work efficiency is not compromised.
Reading Challenges Faced by People with DyslexiaPeople with Dyslexia can struggle with several aspects of reading. Here is a look at some of their reading challenges:
- Phonemic Awareness
How can Assistive Apps Help?
Apps such as MDA Avaz Reader use evidence-based methods to enable children to learn at grade level, even when their reading, spelling, and comprehension may be below grade level. MDA Avaz Reader is available in Android and iOS.Here are some of the ways assistive apps help people with dyslexia get comfortable with reading :
- Reading Out Written Text
- Improving Focus
- Getting Rid of Distractions
- Reading Hints
- Building Comprehension
Why is Core Vocabulary Important For an AAC User?
Significance of Core WordsA decade ago, AAC systems gave users a few core words with a wide range of nouns. For example, the user was given the core word ‘like’ to use with several nouns such as ‘cookie’, ‘red’, ‘football’, ‘rose’, etc. This seemed to be enough for common communicative functions such as requesting. This approach, however, limited the communication ability of the user. Current AAC strategies are based on the realization that teaching core words open up communication opportunities for the users. By understanding the usage of the word ‘like’, the user can use it in different settings and contexts. Focus on teaching core words gives the user greater communication autonomy, which is one of the fundamental goals of AAC.
Considerations in Teaching Core WordsWe know that teaching core words to AAC users gives them more independence and expands the possibilities of communication. But, when it comes to implementing this strategy, SLPs and special educators are often scrambling to find suitable resources. This is because teaching core words is tougher than teaching nouns. Most nouns are tangible and easier to understand for an AAC user who is learning to communicate. You can show a book to the child while teaching the word ‘book’. The child sees it, and hence can associate the word to the object. Nouns can also be better represented by pictures. This helps the child getting started with symbol-based AAC, easily identify the pictures and learn the corresponding nouns. Core words are more abstract and not represented well by pictures. Adding to the complexity is the fact that core words can be used in multiple ways. For example, look at the word ‘give’ which has different meanings in each of the following usages. Give - to present something to someone Give up - surrender Give out - be exhausted Give it a shot - try Give away - to give things for free
Teaching Core Words - Best PracticesHere are a few things to keep in mind while teaching core words:Choose an AAC system, such as Avaz app, that is designed such that core words are easily accessible. The user should not have to navigate a lot to access the words they use frequently. The AAC app should also allow for inclusion of a huge repository of words. A wider choice of vocabulary imposes fewer restrictions on communication. You can also use core vocabulary boards while getting started.
- Setting Realistic Goals
Drawing Inspiration From Celebrities with Dyslexia
Dyslexia is a learning disability that makes it difficult to read, spell, and comprehend written text. Without a proper diagnosis, those with the condition are often assumed to be unintelligent or uninterested. But this cannot be farther from the truth.Dyslexia does not reflect the intellect or the talent of a person. In fact, there are several famous people who have excelled in their respective careers by conquering the condition. Some of them even credit dyslexia with having put them on the path towards success. Here are some of the celebrities who did not let dyslexia become a stumbling block to their success: Steven Spielberg It can be hard to believe that an accomplished director of his stature had a learning disability, and reading challenges.The Oscar winning filmmaker who reignited our interest in dinosaurs with his 'Jurassic Park’ movies, was not diagnosed with dyslexia until he was in his sixties. He claims that the diagnosis helped him make sense of the struggles he had while reading scripts. However, he feels that although it took longer for him to read a script, the extra time helped him identify interesting parts of the text. Richard Branson This multi-dimensional founder of Virgin Group, had a tough time with standardized tests during his school years. He has been open about his dyslexia, and credits the condition for his venture into entrepreneurship. Conferred with several prestigious awards, he is also a noted philanthropist and is known for his humanitarian endeavours. His glorious achievements are proof that the challenges associated with dyslexia can be easily overcome by perseverance and hard work. Tom Cruise This Hollywood A-lister, who has acted in such hit movies as Mission Impossible and Jerry Maguire was diagnosed with dyslexia when he was seven. He struggled to hide his condition throughout his school years, fearing ridicule from his peers. He was worried that his reading challenges could affect his chances of getting movie roles. However, he learnt to focus on reading and developed his comprehension by getting the right kind of support. He took every step to ensure that dyslexia did not not hold him back from achieving superstardom. Whoopi Goldberg Who can forget the riveting performance of this gifted actress in the Spielberg directorial 'The color Purple', or her Oscar-winning acting in the 1990 movie 'Ghost'? The talented actress, however, was labelled slow and stupid at school due to her dyslexia. Thanks to her mother who constantly supported her by reading to her, Whoopi was able to retain her love for books. She is now a strong advocate for raising dyslexia awareness, and is involved with several programs that help children with learning disabilities. Anderson Cooper It might be surprising to know that this hard-hitting journalist who regularly reads the prompter to deliver news headlines, was diagnosed with Dyslexia as a child. He is grateful to his school for recognizing his reading challenges, and for encouraging him to get help. This enabled him to seek intervention which subsequently led him to do well in academics. Jim Carrey Did you know that this comedic genius who wowed us in rib tickling entertainers such as 'Dumb and Dumber' and 'Bruce Almighty' did not do well at school? It took an insightful teacher at his school to look beyond his disruptive antics and identify his incredible talent. This reinforcement helped him hone his skills instead of languishing with low self-esteem due to his dyslexia and poor academic performance. These celebrity stories reiterate the need for early intervention and support systems, so that children with dyslexia are not left to believe that they are any less than their peers. They also serve as shining examples for those with learning disabilities, demonstrating that no challenge is too difficult to overcome with determination and positive attitude. Did you find these stories of celebrities with dyslexia fascinating? Please share your thoughts in the comment section below.
Understanding the Debate Behind the Diagnosis of Social Communication Disorder
The Stance Against SCD as a Diagnostic CategorySome clinicians have reservations about SCD as a separate diagnosis. They are not convinced that there is enough evidence out there to substantiate this designation. According to them, considerations like culture, personality, language proficiency, and several other factors influence social communication. Diagnosing a person with SCD without taking such factors into account could prove detrimental to them in the long run. SCD can have co-occurring conditions including developmental, intellectual and learning disabilities, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), aphasia, and dementia. So, clinicians feel that meticulous care must be taken to rule out other conditions before diagnosing a person with SCD. They also contend that people receiving SCD diagnosis are often left in a quandary, because there are not many resources available that can support them.
The Argument for a Distinct DiagnosisThe primary symptoms of SCD are social disengagement, and difficulties picking up non-verbal cues in social interactions. Since a lot of the symptoms of SCD overlap with those of ASD, the chances of a misdiagnosis are high. However, Social Communication Disorder does not include restricted interests and repetitive behaviors, which are typical ASD behaviours. So, labelling a person with SCD as having autism, can result in them receiving suboptimal therapy. Experts in favour of a distinct diagnosis for SCD assert that it will help researchers dig deeper to better understand the condition. Consequently, focussed therapy plans can be formulated to enable people with SCD to overcome their social challenges and become successful in their lives.
9 Essential Life Skills for Special Needs Children
Encouraging Autonomy in AAC Communication
- It Need Not be Independent Communication
- It Need Not be Sophisticated
- It Need Not be About Choice-making
Factors Affecting Communication AutonomyAccessibility You may not carry the AAC system while going to the park, because you think the child is going to be running around anyway. But what if they wanted to tell you about the butterfly they saw by the swing, and the vibrant colours that caught their attention. Shouldn’t the child always have the means to express their delight, distress, and all the emotions that lie in between? This is why accessibility is vital. Encourage multimodal communication and use a combination of high tech apps with low tech strategies to ensure that child has access to a communication tool at all times. Vocabulary Each child is different and has varied interests and passions. Their vocabulary in the AAC system should be extensive and include words related to their specific interests and surroundings. A neurotypical child would choose any word they want to speak from their verbal repertoire. Similarly, AAC users should be given the opportunity to choose from a huge repository of words that matches their vocabulary so that their expression does not get restricted. Communication Partner A communication partner must be willing to listen and must be open to all forms of communication. They should presume that the child is trying to communicate something meaningful and attempt to figure out the intent. Knowing that their ideas are valued will encourage the child to express themselves with confidence. The communication partner’s inclination to listen to what they have to say also boosts their self-worth, and gives them the reinforcement to form opinions and convey them without hesitation. AAC Proficiency For a child with communication challenges, the AAC system is their voice. So, the child must be taught how to use the AAC system using Aided Language Stimulation, also known as modelling. It might take an AAC beginner a while to master the device. Parents and teachers must be patient and model consistently until the child gets a grasp of the AAC system and its features. Their proficiency can be a major factor in how effective and diverse their communication is. Neurotypical children develop their language skills by listening to words spoken around them all the time. These utterances are not planned and happen naturally. We must strive to create a similar immersive environment for AAC users too. While modelling language, we must make sure they the child is exposed to as many instances of modelling as possible. While creating modelling opportunities can be a good approach, we must also focus on unplanned communication. All the AAC communication partners should be in sync, and prioritize communication autonomy for the child. This ensures that their spontaneity and creativity is not inhibited. This in turn will lead to the child’s communication being as rich and dynamic as their potent minds.
Avaz Flash Sale For ‘International Day of Persons with Disabilities’
- All Avaz AAC products
- Avaz Freespeech
- MDA Avaz Reader for Dyslexia.
Understanding Different Types of Dyslexia
Rapid Naming Deficit
Double Deficit Dyslexia
Addressing the Different Reading ChallengesTeachers and parents can provide tailor-made solutions once they understand the specific combination of reading challenges faced by an individual. They can use apps such as MDA Avaz Reader which can help with phonological awareness, which is the ability to recognize and manipulate sounds in a word. The app can also help with reading comprehension by providing hints for conceptual understanding. People with Dyslexia can be demotivated by their challenges and may find reading unenjoyable. Learning solutions that let them focus on a single sentence can make reading stress-free. This can be particularly useful for those who can find viewing the entire page intimidating. Children with different types of Dyslexia can underperform in schools due to their reading difficulties. Their challenges can be a roadblock to their academic progress if the do not receive adequate support. Early intervention and focussed educational approaches can enable the children to read better and allow them to reach their full potential.
5 Ways to Make Thanksgiving a Fun Experience for Children with Special Needs
Serve Them the Meal They LoveSeveral families have family traditions such as a feast that includes turkey, stuffing, cranberry sauce and sweet potatoes. Your child’s not a fan of turkey and cornbread? Include their favourite Mac and Cheese in the menu. This way, you can ensure that your child truly enjoys the Thanksgiving dinner. Accommodate your child’s specific dietary needs in your holiday planning. Make a shopping list ahead of time and remember to include your child’s favourite drink and dessert in the menu too. Some children with special needs may not do well with change in routines. In such cases, discuss the menu with your child in advance so that they know what to expect during dinner.
Give Them a Task To DoYou can include your child in the holiday planning by assigning them a task. If your child loves baking, put them in charge of cookie cutting. Take your child to the grocery store and ask them to look for the items in your shopping list. You can also ask them to help you with the decorations. Ask your child how they’d like to help. Give them a few options so that they can pick a job they are comfortable doing. Entrusting them with a responsibility gives them a sense of pride when they complete the task.
Talk to Them About GratitudeSit together as a family and take turns talking about what you are grateful for. If your child is uncomfortable participating while the guests are present, plan this activity for after the guests leave. Encourage your child to share the things they are thankful for. If your child has trouble coming up with a verbal response, you can ask them to write or type out Thank You notes instead. Some children with special needs can respond better to visual representation. Show them pictures of vacations and fun events that they enjoyed. You can also add these images to your child’s AAC app and talk about them. This can help them recall fond memories of those events and motivate them to express their gratitude.
Identify a Safe SpaceWhether you are hosting the dinner or celebrating Thanksgiving at a friend’s home, it is important that you find a safe space for your child. Unfamiliar people and boisterous conversations can overwhelm children with special needs. If they feel distressed and experience a sensory overload, whisk them away to the safe space you had already identified. If the loud music gets too much for them, give them a pair of noise-cancelling headphones that can help in calming them. Carry their favourite toy or book and keep it handy. Reading their favourite story or playing with a familiar toy can distract them and help them relax. If the child insists on leaving, oblige and take them away from the place immediately.
Have a Socializing Plan in PlaceSocial gatherings can cause anxiety in children with special needs. Enlist the help of a family member who the child feels at ease with, like their grandparent or aunt. So, when you are busy entertaining the guests, the family member can make sure that your child is relaxed. Talk to your child about the guests you are expecting. Thanksgiving can be a time to teach them social etiquette. You can discuss with your child about greeting the guests. You can also load phrases in the aac app that the child can use to welcome the guests, so that they do not have to worry about remembering what to say. Even a well thought-out plan can go out for a toss, especially when the Thanksgiving party has people of all ages in the mix. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t plan! Have snacks and surprise goodies that can brighten up your child’s mood. Remember to follow their lead during the party, and make sure they are comfortable at all times. By following these simple tips, you can make Thanksgiving a holiday to remember for you and your family. A heartfelt thanks for your continuous support. Team Avaz wishes you a Happy Thanksgiving and all the joy and abundance the holiday season brings.
A Comprehensive Look at Echolalia Definition, Types, and Purposes
Echolalia in AutismAn individual with echolalia repeats or imitates words or phrases they hear. Verbal repetition is seen in all young children as they begin to communicate. In fact, it is a vital part of their language learning and development. But, as they grow older, children generally start expressing their own thoughts through their words, in addition to verbal imitation. Children with ASD, on the other hand, tend to have echolalia longer than typical children. Echolalia used to be dismissed as a behaviour with no communicative intent. But, recent studies have shown that it may be a part of the child’s attempt to have a meaningful exchange. A growing number of experts reiterate the need to understand a child’s echolalia. They believe that parents, teachers, therapists and other caregivers should attempt to figure out what the child is trying to communicate through verbal repetition.
What is EcholaliaChildren with ASD can learn language as phrases or a string of words, and associate them with situations. They may do so without understanding the meaning of individual words. This may lead them to utter phrases that might seem out of place. But on careful observation, you may be able to understand the communicative intent behind their random utterances. For example, the child may say, “Is this your sister?”, while meaning to say “This is my sister.” Similarly, the child may utter phrases from movies or TV shows they have been watching. For instance, the child may say, “Okay,bye” when they did not get to play with their favourite toy. This might seem irrelevant to those who are unfamiliar with the TV show or movie. But that may be the child’s way of expressing their disappointment, because a character in a movie they watched used the exact phrase to convey their disappointment. Repeating words right after hearing them is known as immediate echolalia. Repeating words at a later time is known as delayed echolalia. Delayed echolalia may be harder to comprehend by others, because people might not be able to make the connection to the phrases, words, or sentences uttered, due to the delay.
Interactive Echolalia and Non-interactive EcholaliaDelayed echolalia is categorised into interactive echolalia and non-interactive echolalia. Interactive echolalia, also called functional echolalia, is an effort to communicate with another individual. Non-interactive echolalia maybe for personal use and generally lacks communicative intent. You may be unable to ascertain if the echolalia is interactive or non interactive unless you are familiar with the individual. Since echolalia may involve information referenced from the individual’s personal life, a stranger might not be able to deduce the connection and identify interactive echolalia.
Purposes of Interactive EcholaliaHere are some of the ways and purposes for which interactive echolalia may manifest. This may help you identify similar cues in your child, or those you work with. Requesting The child may say “Would you like a sandwich?” around lunchtime. It might look like the child is just repeating what they heard earlier. But that may be the child’s way of requesting a sandwich. Initiating Interaction The child may say, “Ahh..This chair is just right” if they wanted someone to read them the story of ‘Goldilock and the three bears’. Showing Approval or Disapproval The child may say, “Don’t you want to play now?” instead of saying, “I don’t want to play now’. Similarly, if the child is asked, “Did you like the movie?”, they may repeat the question to say that they liked the movie. Giving information: A child may sing, ‘Hush little baby’ to say that they want to go to sleep. A parent may be able to make the connection because they sing it to the child while putting them to bed. Seeking Attention The child might repeat any gibberish or phrases that drew the attention of their parents or teachers earlier, to get their attention again.
Purposes of Non-interactive EcholaliaNon-interactive echolalia may not have a communicative intent. But it is important to the child in their process of making sense of the world around them. Here are some ways in which children may use this. Non-focussed The child sings a song or repeats dialogues from a movie they watched earlier. These utterances are generally not intended for communication and maybe for self-stimulation. Situation association: The child’s utterances might be because an object, event, or a person caught their attention. For example, when they see an apple in the local supermarket, they may sing a song from the apple juice TV commercial. Rehearsal: The child may repeatedly whisper a phrase to themselves before uttering the same in a normal voice. This may be a way of preparing themselves for the upcoming interaction. Self-direction: The child may instruct themselves as they perform an activity. For example, if the child wants to put away the toys, they might say, “Pick up the truck, then pick up the car, put them in the toy box.” Labelling The child may point out to random objects or actions and label them repeatedly. For example, the child may notice a fruit and repeatedly say, “Fruits. Fruits are healthy.” The child may do so without intending to request a fruit. This may be the child’s way of using words to learn language.The child's use of echolalia may be because they do not know the correct response. Training them to say, “I don’t know” can help in them using the phrase when they do not know the answer to a question. Another approach is to teach them the appropriate response. For example, you can ask, “How are you doing?", and say, “I’m fine.” immediately. This will help the child understand the correct response to the question. AAC (Augmentative and Alternative Communication) solutions such as AAC apps can be useful in augmenting the language of verbal communicators and help mitigate echolalia. The app can help them break down phrases into meaningful words and enable them to develop language that reflects their thoughts. AAC strategies can also help them learn new words and understand their meaning. With consistent AAC use, children can learn to use language for autonomous communication instead of giving scripted responses. Children who repeat words without understanding their meaning can go on to alter the same phrases, indicating comprehension. They may also use more flexible language, suggesting independent thought. Though the child may occasionally use echolalia for self-stimulation when distressed or exhausted, they might begin to use phrases and sentences appropriately as they begin to understand language better. Echolalia can therefore be looked at as a positive step in language development, rather than a purposeless habit.
AAC and Smart Assistants: A Productive Partnership
How About a Little Banter?There is no denying that there can be a learning curve for AAC and some beginners may be uninterested in exploring the app or device at the start of the journey. Parents can also struggle to get their children to use AAC. Forcing the child will only end up being counter-productive as the child will look at it more as a chore. Children who learnt to use AAC can also discontinue using it due to several factors such as unavailability of the device in classrooms, or simply because they lose interest over time. Smart assistants, thankfully, have enough pizzazz to fascinate them. The ability of AAC apps to speak to Alexa or Google Assistant gives them the impetus to reach for their AAC device. They too want to interact with this digital ally in the living room that everyone their age seems to be connecting with. Asking Alexa for a joke, or Google Home for a riddle are all fun activities for children. The bonus for parents is that these are also opportunities for the AAC users to use and learn language.
A Good Communication Partner?It is an undeniable fact that a good communication partner can motivate the AAC user to continue using AAC. The communication partner needs to be patient and should not make the user feel pressured to communicate. The availability of the communication partner is also a major factor. Parents and caregivers have the best intentions but they are only human. They may not be able to devote time for modelling AAC as much as they’d like, while juggling multiple responsibilities. Smart assistants cannot substitute the human experience. Nor can they read non-verbal cues or gain the understanding the parent has of their child. However, they oblige and respond to an AAC user’s request at all times. This 24/7 availability of digital assistants is definitely a motivator for AAC use despite their other shortcomings as communication partners.
The Gateway to a Wealth of InformationThe internet is a treasure trove of information and smart assistants can give AAC users access to abundant information. It helps to have an unpretentious know-it-all at home, right? Parents having a tough time answering the questions of children curious about why the sky is blue, and why leaves fall in autumn, can redirect the children to the digital assistants. This can help the child acquire knowledge about a variety of subjects, with just a few taps on the AAC device. Parents can incorporate smart assistants into the child’s learning strategy if they prefer listening to information, than reading it. They can also load questions and phrases in the child’s system related to the child’s favourite topic. For example, if the child is interested in space, parents can add relevant questions into the child’s system and let the child use AAC to get answers from the smart assistants.
Independence and ControlSmart technology is not only fun and games. From controlling the temperature in your home to checking mails, there is a lot more you can do if you have the compatible devices. Smart appliances such as air conditioners, water purifiers, and heating systems have redefined comfort and convenience for everyone. For AAC users, however, independence is probably the primary benefit. The ability to control their surroundings without help from others can be truly liberating. AAC users can also request news headlines, play music, set alarms and make calls using smart assistants. The element of self-dependence in the use of smart assistants can also boost their self-esteem. Digital assistants can also help in receiving emergency care and medical attention. Parents must create a separate folder for emergency use so that the user can call a professional or a caregiver in times of distress. They should also explain to the child how to navigate to the folder and go over probable scenarios when they may need it. As smart as they are, digital assistants are nowhere near being perfect. They may have trouble comprehending different accents and phonologies of natural speech, and the results can be often hilarious or exasperating, depending on your request. The same can be true for voice output from AAC apps. So, it is better that parents guide young AAC users as they interact with the smart assistants. Minor glitches aside, this coalition between AAC and smart technology spells success for AAC users by broadening the scope of accessibility.
Assistive Technology for Autism: AAC as a communication solution
AAC and AutismAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or Autism refers to a range of conditions including Asperger’s Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Social, behavioural, and communication challenges are common amongst those with ASD. The extent of these challenges can vary from person to person depending on the specific condition and the severity of symptoms. While some people on the spectrum may have exceptional abilities and speak well, others may have limited speech and language abilities. A lack of speech, or deficit in language does not necessarily mean that the person has low intellect. So, it is important that people with ASD receive appropriate communication interventions such as AAC (Augmentative and Alternative Communication). Such interventions also give them the best possible chance at gaining literacy and social communication skills.
Why is Communication Intervention Important?Communication is the bedrock of social interactions. So, for those with ASD, communication deficits can compound their troubles with making conversations in social situations. Communication also helps children with ASD connect to their parents, siblings, and teachers. It allows adults on the spectrum to foster significant relationships and participate actively in society. According to experts, perceived problem behaviours in those with ASD may also be a way of communicating. When there is a lack of proper communication outlet, people with ASD may resort to disruptive behaviours to convey their irritability or disagreement. Providing them with an effective communication strategy such as AAC can help manage their emotions better. As is evident, enhancing communication skills enables people with ASD to deal with their other difficulties such as social and behavioural challenges.
Gives Them ControlThere has been increasing autism awareness and acceptance over the years. But there is still a long way to go in terms of fully comprehending the disorder and its broad range of characteristics. With people on the spectrum, the emphasis sadly tends to be on controlling their atypical behaviours rather than giving them a sense of control. Without communication interventions, non-verbal and minimally verbal children on the spectrum have no way to clearly express their opinions, preferences, misgivings, and grievances. Their ideas are taken for granted and choices are made for them. With AAC, they can learn to manipulate their surroundings and be an active participant in decision-making.
Promotes Self-AdvocacySelf-advocacy is essentially “speaking for yourself”. Parents must encourage self-advocacy in their children with autism because it can positively impact their self-esteem. It lets the child know that their ideas are valued and gives them the confidence to voice their opinions in social settings. Since people on the spectrum can require the support of others, including parents, carers, and professionals, their independence can be undermined. So, parents must listen to the children and respect their right to disagree, refuse, or challenge their choices. The children should have easy access to icons in the AAC system through which they can say Yes or No, and express their approval or disapproval. Moreover, children must be encouraged to discuss, negotiate and present their ideas emphatically. Self-advocacy also deters abuse and mistreatment of people with disabilities. Adults with ASD can use AAC to report their dissatisfaction with the care they receive. Consequently, it allows them to dictate the standard of support they get instead of settling for suboptimal care. Self-advocacy also helps reframe the public opinion of people with ASD and gives them the power to control the narrative.
Ways AAC Systems can Help Children with ASDProviding symbol-based AAC to children with ASD can help them develop their vocabulary. This is because they respond better to visual information. AAC apps that allow symbol-based and text-based communication can help expand their language abilities when they are ready for it. AAC systems can also help with a child’s comprehension of language. Since children with ASD can also have intellectual disabilities, they can take longer to process language and understand words. Besides, they may not be able to understand non-verbal communication. Communication with AAC is typically slower than speech. Therefore, it gives the child more time to understand and respond to the information. The access to visual representation of the information allows them to construct appropriate responses at their own pace. This helps in stress-free communication for both them and their communication partners. Several people with autism lead successful lives by learning to manage their symptoms. AAC is an important intervention strategy that ensures that they are not defined or limited by their communication deficits. Besides, early access to AAC gives them the tools to combat their challenges and lets them focus on their individual strengths and talents. What are your thoughts on assistive technology for autism? Please share your ideas about AAC and autism in the comment section below.
Family Caregiver Support: The Role of AAC in Narrowing the Communication Gap
Prevents Caregiver BurnoutCaregivers can get overwhelmed by the demands of providing long-term care. They can experience burnout which is a state of physical, mental and emotional exhaustion. It is, therefore, important to ensure that the family member often gets to take a break from caregiver duties, and indulges in self-care. In the absence of AAC, people with communication challenges may be understood only by a few. This results in them developing a heavy reliance on the primary caregiver as they may be the sole provider of physical and emotional support. This constant dependence can put enormous strain on the caregiver. AAC helps with comprehension and expands the possibilities of interaction with a wider range of communication partners. It also enables those with communication challenges to develop independence while they foster and maintain a variety of relationships. This allows the caregiver to enlist the help of other family members or friends who can share their responsibilities.Children taking care of elderly parents who have lost communication abilities later in life due to stroke or other conditions, can struggle to cope with the decline in the quality of their interactions. The same applies for spouses of older people with communication challenges. AAC can help them have meaningful exchanges which make caregiver duties less stressful and more rewarding. AAC promotes mutuality which is defined as the maintenance of a positive relationship between the caregiver and the care-receiver. Love, shared pleasurable activities, shared values, and reciprocity are the four factors that affect mutuality. Mutuality is said to reduce role strain of the caregiver and enhance the quality of care they provide. With AAC, people with communication challenges can be part of family activities and actively participate in conversations. They can share their stories and talk about common interests. This reciprocal nature of the relationship can reduce fatigue caused by caregiver duties.
Facilitates Caregiver PreparednessThe support required for people with complex communication needs may vary over the course of time. Preparedness is defined as the perceived knowledge about the different dimensions of caregiver responsibilities such as providing physical care and emotional support, and the readiness to deal with impending changes. When there is a lack of communication, caregivers have a hard time monitoring the health of those who receive care. They can find it difficult to assess medication side-effects and evaluate the extent of support needed. With AAC, people with complex communication needs can report their discomfort or the improvement in their symptoms more clearly. This enables the caregiver to make the necessary changes in the medical care or arrange for additional support systems if required.
Helps in Making Optimal ChoicesIt can be stressful to care for a loved one who is in need of continuous support. Communication difficulties add to the problem because people with communication challenges can get frustrated when they don’t have a say or are being misunderstood while decisions or choices are being made for them. This can cause anxiety and may also increase the workload of the caregiver. Without proper communication, the caregiver feels a lack of control. They may feel guilty about not being able to understand the needs and wants of their loved ones. This unrealistic demand they put on themselves can ultimately wear them down. AAC enables people with speech and language difficulties to communicate their preferences and opinions clearly. This helps take the guesswork out of the equation. Consequently, it reduces the burden on the caregiver by freeing them from the responsibility of making everyday choices on behalf of their loved one. Family caregivers, also known as informal caregivers provide care that can match professional care provided by hospitals and nurses. However, a lack of expert guidance and knowledge can affect their care giving skills. Therefore, they must be equipped with relevant information, tools like AAC, and a reliable support system that they can fall back on at all times. What are your ideas about caregiver duties and responsibilities? Do you think being part of caregiver support groups can help? Please share you opinions in the comment section below.
AAC Apps for Adults with Acquired Communication Disorders
- Traumatic brain injury due to falls, motor accidents, or assaults
- Motor neurone disease
- Parkinson’s Disease
- Head and neck cancer
- Other neurological conditions
Skills Affected by Communication Disorder in AdultsThere are several components of communication such as speech, receptive and expressive language, and cognition that can get affected by communication disorders. Family members may have a hard time understanding the difficulties their loved ones face while communicating. All this may also cause them to withdraw from socializing or avoiding social contact altogether. They may undergo changes in personality due to the emotional trauma resulting from the physical deficits. Learning about the exact nature of communication impairment can help in arranging targeted treatment and therapy.
Common Types of Communication Disorders in AdultsHere are the common types of communication disorders adults can acquire over their lifetime:
- Aphasia A loss of the ability to produce or comprehend language. Stroke in the left side of the brain is a common cause of the disability. Adults with Aphasia may have trouble with reading, writing, using numbers, drawing, sign language, using gestures, and expressing their thoughts using the right words.
- Dysarthria A speech disorder resulting from damage to parts of the brain controlling muscle movement. Adults with the disability can have slowness, weakness or poor coordination of speech. The severity of the disability and extent of speech impairment may vary from person to person. Speech may seem mumbled in adults with mild dysarthria while it may be more slurred and unintelligible in others.
- Apraxia of Speech An oral motor disorder where the individual is unable to make the necessary motor plans involving voice, lips, and tongue to produce speech.
- Cognitive-Communication skills Communication disorders that affect attention, judgement, memory, perception, reasoning, and other cognitive abilities. Trauma due to falls, automobile accidents or a stroke in the right side of the brain can cause these communication deficits.
Why Use AAC
What AAC system to useAdults with communication deficits may or may not have accompanying physical or cognitive impairments. So, SLPs need to evaluate each individual to decide which AAC will be the right fit for them. As with all augmentative communication solutions, there cannot be a one-size-fits-all approach. Here are a few factors to consider while choosing an AAC system:
- Motor Skills Patients affected by stroke and certain neurological disorders may have physical impairments in addition to communication challenges. So, the choice of AAC devices for adults should depend on whether they will be able to navigate the system without difficulty. For ambulatory patients, a portable and reliable system such as a robust AAC app whose features support specific motor issues might be the best option. For those who may have trouble swiping the screen, or touching and selecting smaller buttons, it is important to choose apps where icon sizes, speed, navigation options, and screen parameters can be customized easily.
- Communication Abilities and Preferences Since communication disorders can affect cognition, visual supports may be more helpful for certain adults. Low tech AAC such as picture cards can help them with remembering things and initiating conversations. If they prefer high tech solutions such as an AAC app, it is advisable to choose one that supports multiple modes such as symbol-based and text-based communication. This is important because symptoms can worsen over time with in case of degenerative diseases. So, it is wise to choose an AAC solution that can adapt to the user’s changing needs.
- Ease of Learning The cognitive abilities of an individual determines the system they are capable of learning to use. Ease of learning is an important feature to look for because it can influence the continuous use of AAC by a user. Complicated design can discourage the user and can result in a lack of motivation to use AAC for communication.
- Accessibility It is crucial to ensure that AAC is available at all times to anyone who needs it. Users who are dependent on high tech systems can be left with no means of effective communication if the AAC device runs out of charge or is not functional. So, they must be encouraged to use multiple strategies such as sign language if the individual is capable of it, or low tech AAC such as symbol charts, along with their AAC apps.
Teletherapy: A smart way to facilitate remote speech therapy for adults and children
Avaz and Remote TherapyAvaz recognizes the need for employing modern technologies to ensure access of speech therapy to everyone. Avaz Live is a feature of Avaz AAC app that families and schools can use to seek remote therapy services from experts. There is no additional equipment that you need to buy other than the iPad or the Android tablet that you generally use. Besides, you don’t need to browse for, purchase, install, or update additional software for video conferencing. Avaz Live is, therefore, a seamless solution for Teletherapy.
Try out Avaz Live by downloading a free version of Avaz AAC here.The connection is completely secure because the parent has to explicitly grant access for the therapist to get control of the user’s screen. This ensures confidentiality which is of paramount importance. With Avaz Live, remote therapy is not restricted to discussions alone. 1. The SLP/therapist can take over an Avaz user’s device and tweak settings to change pictures per screen or caption size. 2. They can add/remove vocabulary depending on the user's communication goals. 3. They can demonstrate AAC strategies such as modelling. When the therapist taps on an icon in their app, user can see animation of the same icons in their device. This gives users visual reinforcement. 4. Avaz Live also allows therapists to evaluate how well the user has been using the AAC sytem and recommend steps for further development.
How to use Avaz Live for Remote Therapy?Here are a few screenshots that give you step by step instructions on how to use Avaz Live: [caption id="attachment_4069" align="aligncenter" width="2500"] Therapist's screen[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4070" align="aligncenter" width="2500"] User's Screen[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4073" align="aligncenter" width="2500"] Therapist's screen[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4071" align="aligncenter" width="2500"] User's screen[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4074" align="aligncenter" width="2500"] Therapist's Screen[/caption] [caption id="attachment_4072" align="aligncenter" width="2500"] User's Screen[/caption]
Why Teletherapy is Here to Stay?Teletherapy is a viable alternative to traditional therapy because access to therapists is not limited by geographic distance. This means that schools and families in districts where the SLP shortage is acute, can avail of therapy services from experts based in other districts. Moreover, it can also serve as a means for people in rural and remote areas to avail of expert help and guidance. There is also a staggering shortage of speech and language pathologists in several parts of the world. This results in the denial of much required speech therapy services in those regions. It is particularly devastating to see how the lack of access to early intervention programs affects several young children across the globe. Teletherapy, even with all its shortcomings, has proven to be a huge blessing for such children.
Advantages of TeletherapyHere are some of the benefits of teletherapy:
- Cost-effective : Since there are no transportation expenses involved, teletherapy costs less when compared to traditional therapy sessions.
- Time-saving : Since you can attend the therapy sessions without leaving your home, it saves time that would have otherwise been spent on commuting.
- Flexibility : There are several experts licensed in telepractice speech therapy who offer their services at different time zones and schedules. So, parents and caregivers can fix appointments based on their convenience and availability.
- Convenience : For those with motor disabilities, travelling to a therapist’s office can be an inconvenience. People on the autism spectrum can also feel anxious about unfamiliar places and can find the therpaist’s office uncomfortable. Teletherapy enables such clients to connect with the therapist from the comfort of their homes, with their parents or caregivers by their side.
- Wider Choice of Experts : Schools and families in small towns and villages can get the services of the most renowned and accomplished therapists. They are no longer left to rely on the services of the local professionals who may not have the necessary credentials or expertise.
Why Communication is Key to a Meaningful Existence?
Understanding CommunicationCommunicative functions, also called purposes of communication can be classified into the following
- Social Interaction
- Shared Attention
Conditions that affect communicationCommunication disorders can affect articulation, fluency, voice, or language of an individual. Some of the common causes of communication problems are
- Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Down’s Syndrome , PDD-NOS
- Voice problems such as Dysphonia
- Speech problems like stuttering
- Developmental disabilities
- Learning disabilities
- Brain injury
- Hearing impairments
Solutions and strategiesPeople with complex communication needs use several strategies to make themselves understood. Some of the common solutions used are
- No Tech AAC such as Sign language
- Low tech AAC including pen and paper, dry-erase boards picture boards or mini cards, communication charts
- Mid Tech AAC devices with a limited set of pre-recorded phrases with corresponding buttons
- High Tech AAC including Speech generating devices and AAC apps.
Why Comprehension is Key to Communication?Communication is only productive if your message is conveyed effectively to the communication partner. Sign language can be very helpful but it is not understood by everyone. Gestures and body language too may be understood by caregivers and parents, but can be misinterpreted by those not familiar with the communicator. This is exactly why AAC is recommended to people with communication deficits even if they are minimally verbal. Augmentative tools such as an AAC device can supplement a person’s natural speech and improve their comprehension. Comprehension is important because it broadens the scope of societal participation. It also helps in having earnest social interactions which can be the foundation for building meaningful relationships and a rewarding life. Do you agree that communication is key to leading fulfilling lives? Please share your ideas on communicative functions in the comment section below.
AAC Apps: Tips to Choose the Best One for Your Child
Is Learning How to Use the App Easy?See if the app has built-in tutorials aimed at teaching parents how to use AAC. This is an important feature because parent / communication partner education is vital to ensure the effective use of AAC. Parents / caregivers of children with special needs can have their hands full with their responsibilities. A well-planned tutorial can provide guidance and increase comfort levels with app use. The parent’s comfort in using the app can, in turn, encourage the child to use it consistently.
Does it Have a Low Tech Version?Many parents can overlook the importance of this feature. However, using low-tech solutions along with a high-tech one can make sure that the child has access to AAC at all times. For example, if your child likes playing basketball, carrying an iPad or an Android tablet while playing the sport is not feasible. So, you can give them picture cards for requesting help going to the bathroom or to communicate that they need a break. Choose apps that have a print feature with which you can take a printout of your child’s customized vocabulary instantaneously from the app and create these cards.
Does it make Communication Effortless?Visit the app maker’s website and learn about whether there was any research involved during their development process. Here are a few things to look for:
- Core Words:
- Keyboard Mode:
How Easy is it to Customize and Personalize?Customization is important and can influence how comfortable the user is with the app. Each child has words that they need to use frequently, and those words should be easy to navigate to. You should also be able to personalize the app by adding your own images or voice for icons. Getting relevant images from the web and adding multiple words or images at one go can also make personalization easier.
Does it Support the Child’s Progress?Many children who start out with pictures soon get comfortable with the keyboard mode. Single-word communicators can expand their vocabulary and increase their sentence length. The app should, therefore, allow the child to grow and develop their communication skills. Make sure that the child’s communication is not limited to only requests. The app must allow a wide range of communication pragmatics including commenting, protesting, expressing opinions, agreeing or disagreeing, and sharing their feelings. [caption id="attachment_2569" align="aligncenter" width="595"] Remote therapy session using Avaz Live[/caption] There are several other features such as Remote Therapy and Analytics that can help monitor your child’s usage. So do take those into consideration as well. Above all else, make sure you consult a Speech and Language Pathologist for a feature match before choosing an app. A well-built app can become your child’s best ally in their communication efforts. So, take your time to analyze the different AAC apps to pick the best app for your child.
Useful Tips for Raising a Child with Autism – Part II
1.Be specific and concise with directionsFor children with difficulty understanding language, instructions in simple terms are easier to follow. Direct and concise messages are hence more effective. Showing them a picture or a visual demonstration of the behavior you want to see, can also be helpful. For example, if your child is throwing food at the table, saying, “Be good at the table.” or ”Would you stop with that?” would be vague. Instead, saying, “Please eat your food.” would give them a clearer sense of direction. Concise instructions specify what is expected of them and what behaviour will not be accepted.
2.The ’First/then’ methodThe ‘First/then’ method is used to present what’s needed to be done now (first) and what’s needed to be done next (then). You can do this in the form of writing, pictures or even an app. The idea is to use their favourite activity or toy to motivate them to complete the activity they are not so keen on doing. You can say, “First finish your homework, then we’ll go to the park.” This simple phrase helps provide structure in their minds. It also encourages them to follow the directions at hand.
3.Sticking to a scheduleChildren with an autism diagnosis usually prefer following a schedule. So, plan a daily schedule of routine tasks. You can also prepare a schedule or to-do-list on an AAC app such as Avaz. Incorporating pictures of the task can add an element of fun to it. In case of unavoidable changes, have a backup plan. For instance, if you got stuck in traffic for longer than expected, use the child’s favourite activity, story, or toy to redirect their attention.
4.Pay attention to sensory experiencesMany children with ASD have strong reactions to sensory experiences. They can be fascinated or be overwhelmed by certain noises, visuals, textures, etc. Pay attention to what triggers a negative reaction and what evokes a positive reaction. For instance, using noise-cancelling headphones in a noisy classroom can help prevent your child from feeling overwhelmed.
5.Creating safe spaces at homeCreate safe spaces at home where your child can feel relaxed, secure and calm during a meltdown. A safe space is vital to their mental health. Don’t force entry into the safe space. Give the child the choice to enter the space. Make sure that the safe space does not have anything that can cause a sensory overload.
6.Provide choicesProviding children with choices gives them a sense of control over their world. However, limit the choices to three or four options depending on the child's abilities. Keep in mind that too many choices can overwhelm the child. Examples of choices are: What would you like to eat? Ice cream , pizza, or something else? Presenting ‘something else’ as a choice is important because it does not restrict the child to choose only among the options you have picked for them. For children with language difficulties, show images of the options on an AAC app such as Avaz to help them make choices with the tap of a button.
7.Consistency is KeyChildren with ASD experience difficulty applying what they have learnt in one setting, to another one. For instance, your child may be learning sign language at school but may not use it at home. Creating consistency in your child’s environment helps reinforce learning. Caregivers can try incorporating exercises and simple techniques used by the speech therapist at home. Using AAC apps to extend speech therapy at home is a great way to hone their communication skills.
8.Join an autism support groupJoining a support group for those with ASD is a great way to meet other families who share similar challenges. Parents can share information, stories, advice and lean on each other for emotional support. Just being around others who share similar experiences can help parents feel that they are not alone in their struggles and foster a sense of community.
9.Prioritize self-careAs a parent of a child with ASD, your day can be stressful. Most children with autism are sensitive to their parents’ anxieties, which intensifies their own reactions. Caregivers shouldn’t feel guilty about taking time from their hectic schedule to focus on themselves. Pursuing old hobbies, meditating, catching up with old friends, reading a novel etc. can be a great way to rejuvenate. Lastly, remember that it’s alright to ask for help, because a bit of support from those who care can go a long way in making your life easier. Every child experiences different symptoms of varying severity, and there is no single rulebook for raising a child with autism. Hence, it’s important to take the time to understand each child and their specific needs to help them overcome their challenges. Help a friend or family member diagnosed with autism get started on their journey by sharing this article with them! And if you have a tip that could help others, don't hesitate to share in the comments down below!
Useful Parenting Tips for Autism – Part I
1.Educate yourself about Autism Spectrum DisorderLearning more about Autism Spectrum Disorder will make you better equipped at making informed decisions. There are several excellent online resources and books on autism that can help you with this. Ask questions and exercise discretion while making therapy decisions. Observe your child and try to understand what triggers certain behaviour. This can prevent your child from being put in uncomfortable situations.
2.Pay attention to non-verbal cuesYour child may not speak, but they are still communicating with you through non-verbal cues. Pay attention to your child’s facial expressions, gestures, and noises. They can communicate their hunger, fatigue, or other needs through these non-verbal cues. Similarly, you can also convey your message to your child using your tone of voice, by touch, body language and by the way you look at your child. Children with autism may have their own way of communicating their frustration and needs. You may be clueless about how to deal with their meltdowns in the beginning. Try figuring out the reason behind their tantrums. Provide AAC to them as early as possible. Research suggests that AAC helps children express their wants and needs and enables them to communicate better.
3.Use timers to decrease transitional tantrumsHow often has your child thrown a tantrum, refusing to leave their favourite park? Some children have trouble leaving preferred places or activities. Given their aversion to sudden changes, this is especially true for children with autism. Using a timer on your phone to set warnings before a change can help your child prepare for the transition. For example, setting a 5-minute warning to leave the playground or a 2-minute warning before a bath. This gives your child a sense of control. This way, they have time to prepare for the change and transitions can be made much easier.
4.Early interventionChildren who receive relevant education at key developmental stages are more likely to gain essential social skills. Research proves that with adequate support, they learn to interact better with others in society. For children with speech impairments, using AAC apps such as Avaz can help develop communication and social skills. Their ability to communicate helps reduce frustrations that result from an inability to express themselves.
5.Focus on strengthsDespite their challenges, some children on the autism spectrum may have extraordinary capabilities. Some have detailed long-term memory and strong visual and auditory learning capabilities. Others excel in Maths, music, and arts. Focus on your child’s unique skills because it can provide them with a sense of achievement. This lets the child know that they have valuable skills and contributes to their self-worth. By shifting the focus on the child’s talents rather than the disorder, you are sending a strong message to the child that you trust in their abilities. This encourages them to invest their time and energy in their hobbies and passions. Acquiring and honing these skills not only keeps them engaged but also boosts their self-esteem.
6.Make time for funThe frequent visits to the doctor and long sessions at the therapist’s can stress your child. Remember that your child needs time for fun and leisure just like any other child. Look for activities your child enjoys such as swimming, music, animal therapy, etc. Set up playdates with other children where you can monitor them. You can also use Avaz in fun activities such as storytelling during bonding sessions with your child. Add images related to the story in advance and ask questions related to the pictures during narration.
7.Positive reinforcementsPositive reinforcement is widely used for behavioural interventions. It is done by rewarding your child when they learn a new skill or when they behave well . However, it is important to be very specific about what behaviour you are praising your child for. Instead of punishing undesired behavior, the focus should be on recognizing and appreciating their good behaviour. The positive reinforcer need not be a toy or candy. You may find that children respond well to positive attention and verbal praise. Choose the reinforcer according to what has motivated the child in the past. Children with autism can have behavioural problems. By being observant and persistent, you can help them face their challenges. As parents, you play a major role in the lives of your children, So, being in the know of useful strategies and interventions can enable your children manage their difficulties better. Help a friend or family member diagnosed with autism get started on their journey by sharing this article with them! And if you have any parenting tips for autism that could help others, don't hesitate to share in the comments down below!
High Tech and Low Tech AAC: How to Effectively use both
With high tech AAC devices, the possibilities are truly endless when it comes to providing a voice to those with communication deficits. From remote therapy (teletherapy) to literacy supports, high tech AAC seems to have it all. It makes you wonder if low tech AAC devices are still relevant and useful for children with communication challenges.
AAC (Augmentative and Alternative Communication) helps people with speech and language difficulties communicate with others. Phenomenal technological developments in recent years have broken several barriers and revolutionized the way high-tech AAC is being used. Low-Tech AAC might not be as flamboyant as its high tech counterparts. But it can still serve as a beneficial tool that aids your child’s communication. And the interesting fact is that you can use a combination of high tech and low-tech AAC to enhance your child’s communication skills. Read on to find out how.
What is Low Tech AAC?Low-Tech AAC comprises of tools and strategies that do not involve electronics and do not require batteries. Examples of Low-tech AAC are PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System), symbol charts, communication boards, communication books, etc. The user selects letters, words, or phrases from the communication charts to convey their message. Users can use a body part such as their finger or toe, a head pointer, eye gaze, mouth stick, light pointer or a hand-held pointer for the selection. People with severe motor and communication impairments may require assistance for using the picture boards or alphabet charts. Partner-assisted scanning is a method where a communication partner scans or presents the messages, letters, or pictures sequentially and the user makes their choice by answering Yes/No questions or with facial expressions.
Low-Tech Vs High-Tech AACHigh-tech AAC comprises of tools and strategies that use electricity, electronics, and batteries. High-tech systems might have a clear edge over low-tech AAC when it comes to the extent of communicative functions they are capable of providing. But low-tech AAC can come in handy in certain physical environments and situations. High Tech AAC Pros:
- Easier to customize and personalize according to preferences. You can change voices, symbols, and vocabulary level according to the user's requirements.
- Ability to add vocabulary as per the user's progress
- Auditory feedback serves as cue for the user to learn language
- Facilitates communication autonomy by giving the user a wide choice of vocabulary
- Ability to instantaneously download pictures from the web for symbol-based communication
- Compatibility of high tech AAC devices with social media and messaging platforms
- More independence for the user with less reliance of the communication partner
- Less expensive than high tech AAC options
- Easier to create alphabet charts or low tech boards
- Can be used in most physical environments including swimming pools, beaches, bath tubs etc. Laminated communication charts can be used under all weather conditions.
- Does not require charging
Why Accessibility is Key?Although Low Tech AAC has fewer advantages over high-tech AAC, accessibility is a major attribute that makes you reach for low-tech AAC in certain settings. And accessibility is vital. People with communication deficits may be dependent on AAC to have their needs met. Stripping them off their ability to express their wants and ideas can make them feel powerless. So, it is important to make sure that they have a way to communicate in all environments, at all times.
Why a Multi-Pronged Approach Might be the Right Formula[caption id="attachment_3663" align="alignright" width="335"] Laminated AAC vocabulary[/caption] Communication is complex and we constantly use several modes of communication to get our message across to others. We use facial expressions, gestures, and body language in addition to our speech to communicate. Similarly, people with communication challenges could potentially use multimodal communication to convey their messages. Low-tech AAC, including laminated communication charts, is useful in demanding environments like pools and beaches.You can also use low tech AAC as a backup communication mode in case the high tech AAC devices run out of charge, or are not functional. You can take a printout of your child’s vocabulary and keep it in your bag or car for quick accessibility. Avaz AAC app for instance, has a handy feature where you can print out a child’s personal vocabulary from the app itself. By using a combination of low-tech and high-tech AAC, people with communication difficulties can have the best of both worlds. Taking away their means to communicate can leave people feeling helpless and frustrated. So, users must be encouraged to choose multiple modes of communication that enable them to communicate across all environments. When used in conjunction with high tech systems, low tech AAC devices can be a powerful communication solution. It can play a pivotal role in enabling communication in people with speech and language difficulties by ensuring all round accessibility.
How to Plan a Stress-Free Halloween for Children with Special Needs?
Adaptive Costumes[caption id="attachment_2489" align="aligncenter" width="471"] Adaptive Costumes launched by U.S retailer Target[/caption] Choosing a Halloween costume can be tricky for children with special needs. Regular costumes might not be wheelchair friendly and few children can also have sensitivity to certain fabrics. So, parents usually go for DIY (Do-It-Yourself) costumes to accommodate the child's individual needs. But in recent times, we see that retailers are waking up to the idea of inclusivity. There are a lot more adaptive costumes available on the market now. These costumes are tagless and have flat seams. Some costumes include wheel chair covers that match the theme of the costume. Adaptive costumes ensure that your child does not have to compromise on style for their convenience. Children with special needs can choose to dress up as a pirate, a Disney princess, or their favourite superhero and show off their costumes just like other children.
Halloween Social Story[caption id="attachment_2502" align="aligncenter" width="502"] Halloween Social Story created on Avaz AAC app[/caption] Any change from their set routines can unsettle children with special needs, especially those on the autism spectrum. Creating a Halloween social story is a technique that can prepare them for the big day. Here is a sample of a Halloween social story we created for you. Feel free to tweak this story or make up your own to suit your child’s needs. You can make the story as simple or as elaborate as you deem fit for your child. You can also use this folder while taking the child trick-or-treating. Icons to be Added
- On Halloween Night
- Wear Costume
- Go Trick or Treating
- Knock on the Door
- Say Trick or Treat
- Say Thank You
- Go to more Houses
- Come Home and Eat One Treat
Halloween Treat Bucket[caption id="attachment_2490" align="aligncenter" width="247"] Blue Halloween Treat Bucket[/caption] There has been overwhelming support for a parent from the U.S who has recently proposed that children with special needs carry a blue treat bucket to signify that they have disabilities. Although the idea has its fair share of critics, this emphasizes the need for greater awareness about making Halloween more inclusive. Children with special needs may have different needs including intellectual, language, or physical ones. When every child is expected say ‘Trick or Treat’ out loud, it can lead to many awkward moments for children with complex communication needs and their parents. Children who are non-verbal or minimally verbal may find it nerve-wracking when there is a pause and delay before they get the candy. The blue bucket idea is useful because it denotes to those giving out the treats that the child has special support needs. You can also choose to hand out notes with a brief explanation of your child’s disability.
Notes for Those Handing out TreatsSome might prefer staying home and handing out candy to the trick or treaters. Here are a few things to keep in mind if a child with special needs knocks on your door:
- Do not focus on the child’s disability. You may have the best intentions, but making it about their disability can make the child feel uncomfortable.
- Always, always say something nice about the child’s costume. Halloween costumes are a big deal for every child. Especially for children with special needs, wearing a new costume can be overwhelming. So, make sure to appreciate their effort.
- Some children with special needs can take longer to speak their words. If you see them using an AAC app, wait patiently while they type.
- Some children may be non-verbal and may not be able to say ‘trick or treat’. So, it is better to hand out treats or toys to them without waiting.
- Do not expect eye contact as children on the autism spectrum might avoid making eye contact.
- If you have a trick planned to spook the children, please refrain from doing so unless you're sure that the child at the door will be okay with that.
- If you have scary music or lighting in your house that seems to trigger anxiety in a child, please put the child at ease by turning them off.
How to Make Diwali Enjoyable for Children with Special Needs
Explaining the Essence of DiwaliRegardless of which part of the world you are celebrating Diwali in, we can all agree that the festival is essentially about the victory of good over evil. So, Diwali can be an excellent opportunity for you to talk about the story of the Ramayana. You could also have a discussion around the concept of ‘good’ and ‘bad’, if suitable for the child’s level of understanding. Talk to your child about how goodness or good behaviour is celebrated while bad behaviour is punished. Children with special needs may have varying comprehension capabilities. For those who are into mythological stories, you can read a children’s book about the festival. If your child understands pictures better, you can create folders in the AAC app with relevant images. Customizing folders and adding images from the web can be done effortlessly in Avaz AAC app.
Diwali Social Story[caption id="attachment_2497" align="aligncenter" width="481"] Diwali Social Story on Avaz AAC app[/caption] Creating a social story can help prepare your child for all challenges that Diwali day throws at them. Planning ahead enables them to be ready for the day when it arrives. It also helps them relax and enjoy the day more. The challenges of each child with special needs are unique. And so are the Diwali traditions in each household. So, there cannot be one story that works for all children. However, here is an example of a Diwali social story that you can customize according to your child’s abilities- Icons to be Added
- On Diwali Day
- Wake up at 7 AM
- Wear New Clothes
- Have Breakfast
- Guests Arrive
- Wish Everyone Happy Diwali
Sharing Diwali AnecdotesConversation is an important form of communication. In fact, experts suggest that when you share things about yourself, it encourages the child to express their views and opinions. So, have a conversation with your child reminiscing about how you celebrated Diwali as a child. You can talk about the Diwali traditions that you followed or the aspect of the holiday you like the most. Talk to them about your favourite Diwali snack. You can also show them corresponding pictures on the AAC app. Diwali is all about getting rid of darkness by spreading the light of happiness and hope. Follow these simple ideas to make sure that your child’s face lights up with joy on Diwali day. Wishing you and your family a Happy, Inclusive Diwali and all the prosperity the festive day brings!!!
AAC Communication Device: Importance of A Communication Partner
You analysed all the AAC apps in the market and have introduced the best app to your child. You're thrilled that they are using the app to communicate with you. You are looking forward to your child developing communication skills by exploring the app. But did you know that learning how to be a good communication partner is as important as your child learning to use the AAC Communication device?Communication is essentially an exchange of information. Its efficacy depends on the communication skills of all parties that are part of the interaction. Your ability to be a good communication partner can substantially influence your interaction with an AAC user. Therefore, it is important that people who regularly interact with children using AAC apps focus on acquiring skills that enable them to communicate efficiently. Here are a few strategies you can practice to become a more effective communication partner -
ModellingModelling is an important aspect of communication through AAC. Model consistently to show the child how the AAC system can be used. Creating opportunities to model motivates the children to learn how to use the AAC devices. Focus on modelling the keywords or core words when you are getting started. Once the child gets familiar with AAC, you can expand their vocabulary by modelling more words. Ignore the grammatical errors as long as they don’t affect the meaning of the messages. You can correct the grammar when the children are ready for it. Avaz has an useful feature wherein you can print your child's vocabulary from the app. That way, you can easily continue modelling in settings where you cannot carry the device.
Making ConversationsWhen the child is just getting started with the AAC system, you may ask simple questions to encourage the child to use the AAC system. However, communication is complex and involves more than asking Yes/No questions. Make sure your conversation with the child includes making observations and expressing opinions. By asking only questions, you are controlling the conversation. This leads to the child having no say on the topic chosen and they end up having to take a backseat in the conversation. The child is merely responding and does not have the opportunity to initiate conversations. Talk about topics that may interest the child. Their favourite TV shows or books, perhaps. Use AAC devices to describe how your day at work was, or talk about what you are planning to make for dinner. Discussing everyday things such as food and clothes with the child enables the child to talk about their preferences. Talking to your child about diverse scenarios also paves the path for them to use language for real communication. This increases the chance of them having meaningful conversations and fostering significant relationships.
Giving Them TimeA child new to AAC can take time to respond using AAC apps. Therefore, it is important to be patient. Don’t get discouraged by their lack of response. Some AAC users may take longer to process your input. If you asked a question or made a comment, pause before proceeding with the next input. Typing messages using AAC devices takes time. Communication partners must be instructed to wait for the AAC user’s response.This includes siblings and peers at school. Rushing them to respond immediately or moving on without waiting for their response can be counterproductive.
PromptingPrompting is a way of urging children to use AAC apps for communication. While prompting can motivate the child to interact using AAC, it is also important to be prudent about the number of prompts used. Keep in mind that too much prompting can make the child rely heavily on you for communication. There are three types of prompts, namely, verbal, gestural, and physical prompts. Different children may respond to different prompts. So try a mix of these and choose prompts that work best for your child. It is also important to be mindful of the amount of information given through a prompt. Use more prompts while introducing new concepts or features of the AAC system. Engage fewer prompts once the child has enough understanding of the concept / feature.
Planning Your ResponseRespond to the intent of the child by acknowledging the communication. The quality of your response can affect the quality of communication. Therefore, think of appropriate responses when your child interacts with you through AAC device. If the child says, ‘no cookie”, to indicate that there are no cookies at home, do not just say Yes. Instead, you can respond by saying that you have plans to go to the store to buy cookies. When the child speaks a word through their AAC system, you can try to further build their language skills. For example, if the child types “banana” on the AAC communication device , ask “Do you want a banana?” by modelling the words ‘want’ and ‘banana’. You can also rephrase the child’s message to let the child learn the different ways to convey a message. Be it at home or at school, every communication partner of an AAC user has a major role to play. The more mindful the partners are in their thought and practice, the greater the ease of the children with the AAC devices. Even when you do not fully comprehend a child’s message, assume that the child had said something meaningful, and respond accordingly. This can instil confidence in the child, and encourage them to consistently use AAC for their social interactions.
Rett Syndrome Facts: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
What is Rett Syndrome?Rett Syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder. For infants with Rett syndrome, the development is normal until the age of 6 to 18 months.The infants then go through developmental regression and lose their acquired abilities. Communication difficulties are common in people with RTT. However, with adequate support and intervention using Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC), people with Rett Syndrome can manage their symptoms and learn to communicate better.
What are the Causes of Rett Syndrome?The most common cause of RTT is a mutation in the methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene. The MECP2 gene plays a major role in the synthesis of Methylcytosine binding protein 2 (MeCP2). The brain needs MECP2 protein for its development. Moreover, the MECP2 protein also controls gene expression of other genes, regulating their protein production. It is important to keep in mind that all individuals with MECP2 mutation do not necessarily have Rett Syndrome. Scientists are investigating other causes of Rett Syndrome. They have observed mutations in the CDKL5 andFOXG1 genes in people with atypical or congenital Rett syndrome. They are also considering partial gene deletion as a possible cause of RTT. Given that it is a genetic disorder, attempts are being made to identify other genes that may be responsible for RTT.
Why does Rett Syndrome mostly affect females?Rett Syndrome is often misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. So, researchers do not have the exact numbers of those affected. However, according to estimates, Rett Syndrome affects approximately 1 in 10,000 females worldwide. RTT is seen in males, but very rarely. Understanding the Rett Syndrome facts and genetic links will shed light on why the majority of those affected by RTT are females. The MECP2 gene mutation, the primary cause of RTT is found on a person’s X chromosome. Females have two X chromosomes, although only one is active. So, the severity of symptoms in females with Rett syndrome is largely dependent on the percentage of the cells that have an X chromosome with the normal MECP2 gene turned off. Males, on the other hand, have one X and one Y chromosome. So, if their X chromosome has the defective MECP2 gene, they do not have a back-up X chromosome. This means that although RTT is rare in males, symptoms in males may be more severe than in females if it occurs.
Is Rett Syndrome hereditary?Despite being a genetic disorder, Rett Syndrome is not hereditary. In about 99% of the diagnosed RTT cases, scientists have found the mutation to be a random occurrence. The percentage of those with RTT inheriting the mutated gene is less than 1%. There are females in families of individuals with RTT who are asymptomatic carriers. They have the MECP2 gene mutation but do not have clinical symptoms of the disorder.
How to Diagnose Rett Syndrome?The diagnosis of RTT involves close monitoring of developmental milestones. Decreased head growth can be a red flag, although it may be a sign of other disorders too. Taking a blood test can identify the MECP2 gene mutation. However, gene mutation alone is not enough for an RTT diagnosis. Doctors must rule out the presence of Traumatic Brain Injury, Neurometabolic disease, or infections before confirming RTT diagnosis. Here are the Rett Syndrome facts regarding the most common diagnostic criteria
- Loss or impairment of fine motor skills
- Loss or decrease of verbal speech
- Gait Abnormalities such as toe-walking
- Repetitive hand movements including wringing, rubbing or clapping
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Rett Syndrome?Hypotonia or loss of muscle tone is generally the first sign of Rett Syndrome. There is a range of symptoms, the severity of which can vary from person to person. There are four stages of Rett Syndrome and the symptoms present themselves differently in each stage.
Stage IStage I generally begins between 6 and 18 months of age. A gradual slowing of development is noticed. This stage is called early onset and the following symptoms may be present but not be quite apparent.
- Less eye contact
- delays in sitting or crawling.
- Decreasing head growth
Stage IIStage II typically begins between ages 1 and 4. This stage is called the rapid destructive stage. Common symptoms during this stage are
- Repetitive hand movements such as wringing, clapping, or tapping
- Breathing irregularities
- Autistic-like symptoms such as lack of social interaction and communication deficits
- Unsteady walking
- Slowed head growth which is noticeable
Stage IIIStage III typically begins between ages 2 and 10. This stage is called the plateau or pseudo-stationary stage. Most prominent symptoms are
- motor problems
- This stage may also see improvement in behavior and communication
Stage IVStage IV can last for several years. This stage is called the late motor deterioration stage, Prominent symptoms include
- Reduced mobility
- Curvature of the spine
- Muscle weakness, rigidity
- Communication and cognition generally do not decline in stage IV.
- Occupational therapy, speech therapy, and physical therapy
- Management of gastrointestinal issues
- Evaluation of Scoliosis
- Antipsychotic medications
- Resources for Parents
Getting Started with AAC Device at Home
Setting ExpectationsMany parents may have unrealistic ideas of how AAC works and the potential timeline of results. As effective as AAC is, it is far from being a magical potion that gives instant results. Therefore, it is important to understand that you need to be patient to see success with AAC.
Choose the best AAC AppThis is one of the most important steps in AAC implementation. Assess the suitability of the app according to your child’s current language, comprehension, cognitive, and physical abilities. Your child’s SLP can provide valuable inputs to help you choose the right app. Certain apps have advanced features with vocabulary that grows with your child. Easy personalization is also an important aspect to look out for. You don’t want to spend hours trying to customize the app for your child. Avaz AAC app has a remote feature which is particularly helpful because an SLP can guide your child even if they are not physically present with the child.
Talk to the Child About How an AAC Device Can HelpBe it getting a dog for the family or buying a new car, parents typically discuss major decisions with children so they are not caught unawares. Similarly, talk to your child about what AAC is. Tell them how AAC can help with social interactions. This will prepare the child for the introduction to the AAC system.
Embrace AAC as a FamilyAll children learn language from hearing people around them talk. The more they listen to words and are encouraged to speak (mistakes and all!), the more likely they are to pick up the vocabulary and other language skills. The same holds true for children with autism and other learning disabilities. Get together as a family and get educated about the AAC system. Your ease with the system and frequency of usage encourages the child to get familiar with AAC. Using AAC as a family helps the child readily express their views and ideas.
Get Help from Experts and AAC UsersHaving a groundbreaking app is no use if you don't know how to use it. Parent training is important to ensure optimal use of AAC. AAC concepts and strategies may seem foreign to many parents new to AAC. SLPs can offer guidance on how to use an AAC system. Unfortunately, SLPs may not be always available. In some countries, parents may not have access to SLPs. It is to address this issue that Avaz AAC App has a training module integrated into its app. The module incorporates best practices recommended by AAC experts and gives detailed instructions on how to use the app. If you need additional help, reach out to the community. Many AAC parents will be more than glad to be of help. Many AAC app makers are also happy to support you through the learning process.
ModellingModelling is the best way to get your child to use AAC. While interacting with the child, model core words as often as possible. Core words are high-frequency words that we use in about 85% of our communication. The best AAC device is the one with apps designed to provide easy access to the core words. With consistent modelling, the child will begin to follow your lead and start using the AAC system. Continue to model even after the child gets comfortable with AAC. Adding more words regularly will strengthen the child’s vocabulary.
Create Opportunities to Use AACSeek out opportunities where you can use AAC. Whether it is discussing breakfast or talking about a picnic plan, there are so many instances throughout the day where you can use AAC. Using AAC in different settings lets the child know that AAC can help communication in many environments. If your child is into music, talk about the current chart-topper. Talk about the latest superhero movie coming up if your child is a comics fan. Talking about the child’s favourite topics is a great way to get your child to use the AAC system.
Ensure Consistent Availability of DeviceMake sure the AAC device is charged and always available for use. Carry the device wherever you can. That way, the child’s use of AAC is not restricted to home or school. You can give them picture boards or other forms of low-tech AAC when in places like swimming pools where high tech AAC cannot be used. Avaz AAC app has a PDF option where you can print the child’s vocabulary at the tap of a button and use it in such places. If you are thinking of purchasing an AAC app, do not hesitate. AAC is easy to use. And there is enough support available on AAC for you to get started easily and handhold you through the journey. Empower your child by giving them the gift of communication through AAC. Do you have any ideas about getting started with a AAC device at home? Please share your thoughts in the comment section below.
5 Things People with Autism Want You to Know
We Want to Communicate, Even If We May Not Be Able to Do It WellCommunication is a basic human need. We like to make our preferences and opinions known. However, we may take longer to process information. Therefore, wait for us to respond. If we use communication apps for autism, be patient - because typing is slower than speaking. Most people with autism have communication challenges. It means that we might have to work harder at what comes naturally and effortlessly to you. Language and speech difficulties are also common among us. Some of us cannot speak while others can speak and write so beautifully. We might also have delays in developing language skills when compared to our peers. We are not adept at understanding non-verbal cues or reading between the lines. Therefore, do not get offended if we have misunderstood you. Show interest in what we have to say because it matters to us. Please, respond to our efforts to communicate and always acknowledge. We are capable of having meaningful conversations even if we use communication apps for autism to express ourselves. So, don't limit the communication to only asking simple questions.
We Have Self-Stimulating Behaviours. So, Please Don’t Stare at UsEverybody engages in Stimming or Self-stimulating behaviours. You may bite your nails or crack your knuckles when you are bored or anxious. But, stimming in people with autism is more obvious. You may see us flapping our hands or rocking back and forth. Please let us continue doing so unless it gets disruptive or dangerous. We may stim to reduce sensory overload or to calm ourselves. Stimming may be our way to cope with unfamiliar situations. We can stim when we get frustrated or to deal with our anxiety. Controlling our stimming behaviours is not only difficult but also can cause more distress. So, please don’t make us feel uncomfortable by expecting us to suppress our physical movements. Or conform to some misplaced social norms.
Most of Us Have Sensory Challenges. So, Please Be ConsiderateMost of us have sensory challenges. That said, the stimuli we are sensitive to can vary greatly. Some of us get irritated by loud noises, while others might be unperturbed by them. Each person with autism can have unique noises that bother them. So, avoid yelling or playing loud music around us. For some of us, the sensitivity to these noises can get better as we get older. We may be amused by bright lights but might struggle with sudden light flashes. We can also be sensitive to certain smells, tastes, and textures. Younger children with autism can experience sensory overload more often than their peers. Using sensory toys or appropriate vestibular sensory input can help in calming them.
We Do Not Lack Empathy. So, Don't Be JudgementalThis is one of the most damning misconceptions about us. We might not express our empathy the way you expect us to. That doesn’t mean we are devoid of emotion. We can have trouble deciphering body language and facial expressions. Consequently, we might not be able to read a situation as well as our peers. If we do not seem compassionate, it may be due to our cognitive challenges and communication deficits. So, please think twice before propagating the idea that we cannot be empathetic. Misinformation about the disorder can substantially affect our social interactions.
Don’t Club Us All Together. Each One of Us Has Unique Traits and ChallengesDon’t try to fit us all under one label. It may be convenient for you but it trivializes our individuality. Don’t assume that all of us have the same cognitive, motor, communication, and intellectual capabilities. Some of us are non-verbal and may use communication apps for autism to interact with others. Others can speak so eloquently and seemingly lead normal lives. There are also celebrated poets, actors, singers, musicians, and many other accomplished professionals amongst us. So, recognize that each one of us has a distinct set of abilities and impairments, just like you! If you have any ideas on this topic, please share them in the comment section below !!! We encourage healthy discussions within the community because they open the door to exchange of information and learning.
Photo Credit: Nathan Anderson
Cerebral Palsy: Causes, Types and Treatment
What is Cerebral Palsy?Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a group of neurological disorders that affect movement, balance, and posture of individuals. The term ‘Cerebral’ refers to the brain and ‘Palsy’ refers to impairment of motion. CP is the most common condition causing motor impairments in children. People with Cerebral Palsy can also experience communication challenges along with difficulties in thinking, feeling, and learning.
Causes of Cerebral PalsyCerebral Palsy is caused due to abnormal development of the brain or damage to parts of the brain. These abnormalities or damage may occur during pregnancy, childbirth, or after birth. In most cases, the children have Congenital CP, which means that the brain damage happened before or during birth. CP caused due to brain damage that happens more than 28 days after birth is called Acquired CP.
Congenital CP Risk FactorsThe following risk factors are reasons that can increase the chances of CP. Presence of risk factors does not mean that a child will have CP
- Low Birth Weight
- Premature Birth
- Multiple Birth Pregnancy
- Assisted Conception Methods
- Infection During Pregnancy
Acquired CP Risk FactorsThe risk factors for Acquired CP are
- Meningitis or encephalitis during infancy.
- Brain injuries due to motor vehicle crashes or falls,
- Cerebrovascular accidents such as stroke
- Birth defects of the central nervous system
Diagnosis of Cerebral PalsyDiagnosis of Cerebral Palsy generally happens during the first or second year after birth. But if the child has mild symptoms, the diagnosis can be difficult and doesn't happen until the child is older. Early diagnosis ensures that the child receives the necessary support. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the common signs of CP. Doctors generally track movement goals in a child from birth to five years. These goals include rolling over, sitting up, standing, and walking. Delay in reaching these milestones is an early sign of Cerebral Palsy. It is worth noting that many children without CP also can have some of these signs. So, it is better to consult a medical professional if you have concerns.
Types of Cerebral PalsyThe four main types of CP are
- Spastic Cerebral Palsy
- Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy
- Ataxic Cerebral Palsy
- Mixed Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral Palsy TreatmentThe common types of treatment for CP are
- Physical Therapy
- Speech and Language Therapy.
- Assistive Technology for Cerebral Palsy
Overview of the Causes, Treatment, and Signs of Dyslexia
What is Dyslexia?Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that affects the reading and writing skills of individuals. People with Dyslexia struggle with spelling and fluency in reading. These difficulties, however, are not a reflection of their intellectual capabilities. Dyslexia affects only certain aspects of learning. So, children with dyslexia can perform well in school if they receive adequate and timely support. Although it is mostly noticed in children, many adults also get diagnosed with the condition. Adults with dyslexia can struggle with understanding reports and writing down messages. Lack of evidence-based intervention can lead to emotional issues and low self-esteem in both children and adults. So, it is important to provide a supportive environment for people with dyslexia so that they can lead fulfilling lives.
What Causes Dyslexia?Researchers are not entirely sure of exactly what causes dyslexia in adults and children. However, Dyslexia has been found to run in families. Therefore, studies are exploring the possibility of genetic links to the condition. Reading difficulties experienced with Dyslexia are also said to be linked to differences in how the brain processes the information. A rare type of Dyslexia is Acquired Dyslexia or Trauma Dyslexia where illnesses or brain injury cause learning difficulties.
What are the Symptoms and Signs of Dyslexia?Children and adults with Dyslexia can have a range of symptoms. Even among children, the symptoms can vary according to age. Here are some of the common symptoms of Dyslexia by age
Symptoms of Dyslexia in Preschoolers
- Delayed onset of speech.
- Trouble remembering letters of the alphabet.
- Difficulty identifying letters.
- Difficulty recognizing rhyming phrases.
- Mispronouncing familiar words.
Symptoms of Dyslexia in Children Aged 5 and 6
- Difficulty understanding that words are broken into sounds.
- Trouble understanding the correlation between words and sounds.
- Finding reading laborious.
- Difficulty with pronunciation.
- Trouble with sounding out simple words.
Symptoms of Dyslexia in Children Aged 7 to 12
- Slow reading.
- Difficulty learning new vocabulary.
- Confusing similar sounding words.
- Mispronouncing complicated and unfamiliar words.
- Difficulty comprehending words they read.
- Complaining of words jumping around as they read.
- Trouble remembering and following instructions.
Symptoms of Dyslexia in Young Adults
- Trouble finding the right words during conversations.
- Making frequent spelling and grammatical errors.
- Delay in responding to questions.
- Not doing well on written tests in spite of being intelligent.
- Difficulty remembering and recalling names.
Symptoms of Dyslexia in Adults
- Difficulty with time management and organization.
- Difficulty in reading and writing reports.
- Trouble focussing while reading.
- Hesitation to read out loud in front of others.
- Experiencing visual problems with the colour of paper or fonts.
- Lack of interest in reading.
Dyslexia Therapy and TreatmentTreatment for Dyslexia in children mainly focuses on educational techniques that help them with their learning difficulties. Here are some strategies that help individuals with Dyslexia
- Multisensory Instruction methods that teach children to use all of their senses while learning.
- Special educational programs that help the children identify the sounds associated with words.
- Reading aloud to the child to improve fluency and accuracy.
- Using fonts, background colours and paper colours that make reading easier for people with Dyslexia.
- Schools and offices can include accommodations such as audiobooks, additional time to finish tests or text-to-speech technology for people with Dyslexia.
- Using Dyslexia Apps like the MDA Avaz Reader that provide research-based support and hints to enable individuals with Dyslexia to read independently.
Thanks for choosing us!
Congrats on your purchase!
Thank you for choosing us. We are excited as you begin your communication & learning journey with us.
You will receive all details regarding subscription and login credentials within 8 hours.
The Avaz brand is synonymous with quality and trust - hence you can be confident that you have made the right choice. All our products have been built based on extensive research to empower our users with better communication and learning.
While you explore our product, our support team will be more than happy to assist with any queries. You can always reach out to us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Happy with your purchase? Please help us by reviewing & rating us on the App Store & Play Store. Spread the word by sharing information with anyone who can benefit from our products!
What is AAC(Augmentative and Alternative Communication)? : A Detailed View
The Need for AACAs a society, we take communication for granted. Speech and language problems can affect an individual’s quality of life because they restrict communication. The lack of an outlet for feelings and thoughts can lead to frustration, disillusionment, and behavioural problems. This, in turn, can affect the standard of support they receive from their families and caretakers. Here are some of the ways speech and language impairments affect individuals:
- People with speech difficulties are not able to make themselves heard.
- Mingling with friends or attending regular school becomes tough. Their inability to mix with peers leads to poor self-esteem and a life of exclusion and loneliness.
- Their preferences are often taken for granted and intentions are second-guessed. People's expectations of them are generally lower, for no fault of theirs.
- This leads to poor self-esteem and confidence. This further prevents the individual from leading an inclusive, fulfilling life and reaching their potential.
Who can Benefit from AAC?AAC can help anyone with communication deficits. The communication challenges may be present in early childhood or may have developed later in life due to neurological and other conditions. Such communication problems must be addressed immediately. Delays in intervention can cause anxiety, annoyance, and exasperation in addition to deep-rooted behaviour issues. Many people can benefit from AAC, including (and not restricted to):
- Children and adults with speech and intellectual disabilities - non-verbal, partially verbal and single word communicators.
- Children and adults with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Down’s Syndrome, Rett Syndrome, PDD-NOS, Aphasia, Apraxia or any other condition that affects speech.
- Adults with speech difficulties due to Throat Cancer, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, and Neurological Disorders
- Children with delayed development indicators
- Other genetic disorders that affect speech
How Does AAC help?The primary function of AAC is to enable the user to be understood. For nonverbal users, it can mean a way to replace speech. For those who are minimally verbal, it is a supplemental method to improve their comprehension. AAC acts as a communication bridge. It connects users to their support system, which includes their families, friends, therapists, and Speech and Language Professionals (SLP). It helps the user foster functional relationships. It also offers them the confidence to be a valuable member of society. The broader societal benefit of enabling children with speech difficulties to "speak for themselves" is a step towards a more inclusive society. This leads to equal educational and economic opportunities for them. The benefits of AAC include:
- Gives the ability to communicate
- Reduces anxiety
- Reduces tantrums and behavior issues
- Increases independence
- Boosts self-confidence, self-esteem
- Provides access to education by helping class participation and academic progress
- Improves attention
- Provides access to equal opportunities at education and work
- Empowers the individual and helps achieve one’s goals
- Improves social relationships
- Improves overall Quality of Life by living a life with Dignity and Inclusion
Types of AACNo conversation about AAC can be complete without a discussion about the different kinds of AAC. AAC can be broadly categorized into aided and unaided systems- Unaided AAC No equipment is involved in unaided AAC. Communication generally happens through sign language, vocalizations, gestures, body language, and facial expressions. Aided AAC Aided AAC is where the user communicates using external tools. The tools can be further classified into low-tech and high-tech AAC.
- [caption id="attachment_3660" align="alignright" width="340"] Communication book[/caption] Low Tech AAC The use of simple tools such as a picture board falls under the low-tech category. These tools do not require electric power or electronic components for their functioning. The user’s method of conveying a message through the communication boards or books largely depends on their motor skills and physical abilities. The user selects appropriate phrases, pictures, letters, words, and symbols listed on the communication boards to construct their message. The user selects using a body part, eye-gaze direction, pointer, or a head/mouth stick. In some cases, the user also communicates by answering Yes or No questions as a caretaker goes through the options on the board. You can download Avaz's low tech communication boards here.
- High Tech AAC High Tech AAC comprises of strategies involving the use of electronics and other technologies. This includes computers, speech-generating devices, and tablets. A communication app for iPad or Android with pictures and text is an example of high-tech AAC. [caption id="attachment_2219" align="alignright" width="413"] A child with special needs using high tech AAC[/caption]
Avaz – AAC Awareness Month Discount Extended
- Avaz AAC products
- Avaz FreeSpeech
- MDA Avaz Reader for Dyslexia.
Rethinking the Symptoms of Autism in Girls
Why can Symptoms be Missed in Girls?There are primarily three reasons why parents and doctors fail to notice symptoms in girls, which are:
- Looking for telltale signs of autism by using the same diagnostic criteria as boys. However, the symptoms may present themselves differently in boys and girls.
- Girls are brought up to be better at masking their difficulties. They can go about their lives showing little indication of their struggles in socializing.
What are the Possible Symptoms of Autism in Girls?There is no definitive list of symptoms that can qualify for an autism diagnosis. Some girls can exhibit typical symptoms, but with less severity. If the symptoms do not substantially affect the quality of a girl’s life, chances are that she might not have autism. It is therefore wise to carefully consider all aspects of development before making an assumption. It is always better to get an expert evaluation if you have concerns.
Some of the obvious symptoms girls can exhibit include:
- Substantial speech and language difficulties.
- Self-stimulating behaviours such as hand flapping, repetitive behaviours, spinning, rocking etc.
- Lack of adequate social communication skills.
- Severe cognitive challenges.
- Obsession over a particular subject and interests limited to a few topics.
- Atypical sensory responses to stimuli such as loud noises, bright lights, and certain textures. Keep in mind that sensory challenges can also be a sign of other disorders.
- Unusual passivity. Girls with autism can refrain from expressing their opinions because they are uncertain about the right thing to say. While passivity may be one of the symptoms of autism, it must be noted that there are people with autism who are quite assertive.
- Being withdrawn and unusually quiet. Many girls can be inherently shy because it is a part of their personality. Therefore, it is important to consider the extent of the child’s shyness and how much it impacts her social life.
- Girls can be better at responding to non-verbal cues and gaze following.
- Girls can be capable of focussing more and are less likely to be distracted
- Boys can struggle with social communication from a very early age. Girls, on the other hand, tend to be more adept at dealing with social challenges during childhood. They might find it tougher to tackle social obstacles as they enter their teens.
- Both girls and boys with autism can have obsessive tendencies. The extent of the repetitive and restricted behaviours may be lower in female children than their male counterparts. That said, the topics of interest in the case of girls may not stand out as much as they do among boys.
- Girls tend to display less aggressive behaviour than boys. In fact, girls with autism can be very passive. However, since society considers passivity an acceptable trait for girls, such symptoms might go unnoticed.
Why is it Important to Diagnose Early?According to clinical neuropsychologist to Dr. Susan F. Epstein, girls with autism can suffer from poor self-esteem, depression and can become vulnerable to bullying because they may feel like they feel different than their peers. Read more about how early diagnosis can help and about therapies for autism in this article by Autism Parenting Magazine. Early diagnosis helps girls learn the skills and coping mechanisms required to lead a fulfilling life. It also gives them the emotional support and understanding necessary from family members and friends. Getting diagnosed as a teen or adult can put them at a disadvantage because they may have to make up for the lost time. However, it may be heartening to know that several young women diagnosed later in their lives have been able to successfully deal with their social challenges by consulting experts and undergoing recommended therapies. Do you have any ideas to share about symptoms of autism in girls? Please express your views in the comment section below. We would love to hear from you!!
AAC Awareness Month Discount Extended
- Avaz AAC products
- Avaz FreeSpeech
- MDA Avaz Reader for Dyslexia.
Supporting Special Needs Children During a School Crisis
Child AssessmentTeachers must make sure that they assess each student to formulate a plan that serves their individual needs. A chart can be prepared for each student, listing attributes that can help or hinder their safety. This will help in coming up with a plan that best suits the student’s abilities. For children who use AAC apps for communication, the safety plan can be explained through the app they use. Teachers can customize the app to familiarize children with safety routines. This will ensure they know what to do during an emergency. The school can distribute copies of the finalised individual plan to teachers, parents, and counsellors to keep them informed of the safety procedure to be followed. It is also important to update the plan constantly to keep up with the changing requirements of children with special needs.
Awareness of ParentsMost parents assume that their school district has a strategy outlined to help children with disabilities during a school crisis. However, in the absence of a well-defined nationwide plan, teachers are often left to their own devices. Parents need to talk to the schools about the drill schedules and lockdown procedures. Discussing the child’s individual needs and how they can be addressed is crucial. Once a plan has been devised, parents can talk to their children about the routines they need to follow. Reminding the kids often will enable them to follow instructions and get themselves to safety.
Navigating the Physical EnvironmentThe school should identify shelters or hiding spots which are conducive for children with disabilities. These shelters should be able to accommodate any assistive technology or device they use, including wheelchairs and crutches. Teachers can encourage children to get to the hiding spots during practice drills by rewarding them with stickers or toys. This will ensure the compliance of the children during a crisis. In case of natural disasters, or danger from within the building, blocked hallways can pose a problem. Therefore, it is important to be aware of alternate routes to safety. Teachers and other staff must also train themselves to move furniture out of the way as these could block the path(s) to assigned shelters.
Building an Emergency Kit for Special Needs ChildrenChildren with special needs may experience a sensory overload due to loud noise from fire alarms and shouting during lockdowns or evacuation. Having an individual emergency kit for each student helps in such cases and should be a compulsory part of the safety plan. Here are some suggestions for what such a kit for children with special needs could contain
The emergency tool bag must contain nebulizers or masks for children with respiratory illnesses, medicines for children with diabetes, and medication for children prone to allergies and epilepsy.
Stress BustersThe emergency kit must include a toy or a book that can comfort the child and keep them engaged during the lockdown. Music players with headphones can reduce anxiety in children with special needs. For kids with sensory needs, including sensory toys such as chewelry (chewable medical grade jewellery) and stress balls can help them control their vocalizations.
Communication and AAC AppsFor kids who use iPads or other AAC devices for communication, having such devices in the bag can help them communicate to first responders if needed.
Food and Activities
Packing the favourite snacks and treats of the children along with colouring books and crayons can keep them occupied and calm during the lockdown.
Strategies for Implementing AAC in the Classroom
Kids spend a sizeable number of their waking hours at school. It is likely that they will have many more opportunities for social interactions at school than at home. So, employing efficient augmentative and alternative communication strategies can help a great deal in improving their communication skills and social development.Introducing AAC in classrooms requires a lot of coordination because there are so many moving parts to the process. With some forethought, measures can be taken to include strategies for implementing AAC in the classroom.
Team Work, Planning & CoordinationIt takes diligent planning to introduce AAC systems in school. Making sure that all the members of the team are on the same page, goes a long way in effective implementation. Discussing the curriculum and proposed schedules can ensure that the efforts of the team are not diluted by miscommunication. Having a definitive organizational policy gives clarity on the mode of implementation and the rules if any. Setting up in-house systems for troubleshooting and technical support would be helpful for team members. Do reach out to the support team of whichever AAC system you are using to get the most out of it. Avaz AAC app, for instance, has a dedicated 24x7 support team that can enable your team to make the AAC implementation a success!
Teacher EducationMost teachers are willing to try new technologies and systems if they are convinced about that system’s effectiveness. However, enthusiasm alone will not equip them with the necessary knowledge to teach using AAC apps. It is important that teachers are adequately trained in the chosen system and the strategies for implementing AAC in the classroom. In a classroom setting, children look up to their teachers for guidance. And modelling is a key aspect of AAC learning. Hence, the teacher’s comfort with the device can greatly influence the confidence and usage patterns of the students. Familiarity with the device or AAC app can also help the teacher come up with creative ways to use the system. Since each child has his/her unique set of preferences and abilities, the teacher can play around with the features of the AAC system to best suit the needs of the child.
Preparing the ChildThere may be children in the classroom with prior exposure to AAC devices at home or at therapy. Such children may require minimal instruction. On the other hand, students new to AAC apps might need more preparation before they are introduced to the system. Teachers need to talk to the students about why they will be using AAC at school and how it can help them. Since some kids may be less receptive to new ideas than others, the reassurance of the teacher can be vital in how quickly a child takes to the AAC app and system.
Talking to ParentsHaving a chat with parents about AAC use in classrooms is essential because families need to be on board with the idea. Efforts must be made to educate parents about AAC apps. If there are any apprehensions, those should be addressed at the very outset. Talking with parents can also shed light on their aspirations regarding their child’s development. Teachers and SLPs must ensure that families have realistic expectations. This helps to avoid discouragement if they don’t see immediate results. It is essential that families are also trained in using an AAC app with symbols and text, helping them to actively participate in the child’s communication intervention. This will effectively supplement the therapist’s efforts at home and enable the child to get the most out of the communication system.
Assessing Potential Barriers and SolutionsThe foremost goal of AAC is that the children reach for the device every time they have anything to communicate. So, it is important to ensure easy access to the device at all times. The child should be encouraged to seek the device when they need to communicate. Fortunately, the barriers impeding the use of AAC apps in a classroom or even at home can be dealt with easily if you have a solid plan in place. For instance, if a child has trouble bringing the device to school due to physical limitations, providing a case with a strap can help in carrying the device without difficulty.
Making it Fun is One of the Vital Strategies for Implementing AAC in the ClassroomA fool-proof strategy for AAC implementation is of no use if the child is completely disinterested! Given the limited attention spans, you need to be at the top of your game to stimulate their curiosity. Devise fun augmentative and alternative communication strategies such that the child cannot wait to use the device! Plan exciting games and activities to include the AAC system even in their leisure time. For kids inclined towards art, music, or sports, using AAC apps as part of the activities they love and enjoy can serve as a great motivator. Endowing children with the ability to freely communicate early in life can enable them to overcome their inhibitions. It also opens up possibilities of interaction with others, outside of the home and classroom. Some children may be inspired by seeing their peers using communication devices. Use of AAC apps and systems in classrooms can thus enhance the independence and boost the self-esteem of children. Do you have any other suggestions or strategies for implementing AAC in the classroom? Please share your ideas in the comment section below.
Here’s what you need to know when interacting with an AAC user
1. Communication requires effort, be patient while listeningTyping is slower than speaking. While a person speaks an average of 140-170 words a minute, the average person types a mere 38-40 words. Some AAC users experience mobility issues that hinder typing. Some users could take time to respond. Communication takes effort. Hence being patient and giving ample time to respond and listen is crucial in enabling them to feel understood, included and heard.
2. Communicate with the person, not the systemDuring interactions, make eye-contact with the AAC user instead of watching their system when the message is played. It takes time for the user to communicate their message by forming it first on the system and then activating speech. Hence AAC users use facial expressions and gestures after typing and while the final message is being played. Watching the user’s gestures and other non-verbal cues helps in understanding the conversation better and prevent misunderstandings.
3. Help manage noiseAAC users might find it difficult to communicate in a noisy environment such as a busy street, loud classroom, crowded cafe etc. Unlike human voices which can modify volume, pitch and tone for each word in a sentence; volume on an AAC system can’t fluctuate easily and might get drowned in the noise. Some users such as those on the autism spectrum, might be sensitive to loud noises. In such instances, one can aid communication by planning ahead and managing noise levels by shifting to a quieter setting. Switching to an electronic platform such as email or text messages can also be considered.
4. Take care not to dominate the conversationA conversation is meant to be an exchange with both parties contributing. However, it can become easy to dominate the conversation as a non-user of AAC. Be patient as the user responds. Refrain from guessing words and interrupting mid-way to finish their lines. It is frustrating to be cut off mid-way when speaking and wrong guesses may make one feel misunderstood. Users on the autism spectrum may take time to respond, so avoid changing the topic without ensuring that they’ve finished conveying what they wanted. Lastly, when you don’t understand or get lost in the conversation, ask and clarify before moving ahead.
5. Don’t presume incompetenceAn AAC user on the autism spectrum may take longer to process speech or may experience other challenges, but they can be more perceptive in other ways. Often users can understand what’s spoken but may have trouble expressing themselves. Engage in a sensitive manner and treat users age-appropriately by using an atypical tone of voice and not limiting conversations. Don’t assume incompetence and speak directly to the user instead of approaching their support person. Remember to ask before giving your assistance and let them tell you what may be useful.
6. Ask before touching their AAC system and respect screen-privacyAn AAC system is extremely personal to its user. Not only does it serve as a window to their communication with the rest of the world, but also is a window for the rest of the world to access their lives. It is their digital voice and contains private data such as message histories, personalized vocabulary, customized settings etcetera. Hence permission must be sought before touching or handling the user’s system. The screen privacy of the user must be respected by not looking at their screen without consent. AAC users arrange their thoughts and construct messages on their system. They don’t get to view our thought process before we communicate and neither should we. -------- Is there anything else that should be kept in mind while communicating with an AAC user? Do share your thoughts and experiences in this regard in the comments below. We look forward to hearing from you!
Peer-Mediated Intervention to Increase Social Interaction
What is Peer-Mediated Intervention? Peer-mediated intervention (PMI) is an approach where peers of children needing communication and interaction interventions are trained to provide the required support and handholding. This includes tutoring in educational, behavioral and/or social interactions. They are also trained to mediate and closely observe during mediation. The peer tutors are typically the same age as the children requiring support. One such intervention involving peer tutors is Stay, Play, Talk. It is designed to increase the social interactions of preschool children. Typically developing peer tutors are taught three key skills:
- Stay near their partner
- Engage with the partner
- Talk with the partner by commenting on the activities and respond to their partner’s communicative efforts.
How to implement Stay, Play, Talk? As a thumb rule, ensure to select peer tutors who exhibit age-appropriate play and social skills. They should also have high levels of compliance with teacher directions. When grouping your target child with a peer tutor, consider the children’s social history and shared interests. Shared interests are a positive indicator that more interaction might occur. Peer training may require 1-2 instructors and will require multiple sessions. You might want to conduct the sessions with the target child to allow the peer tutors to practice with the child they will be working with. Teachers can use visuals associated with corresponding skills during peer training that can be referred to during sessions to remind the peer tutors what to do.
- Introduce each skill one at a time.
- Associate each skill with a simple visual you can refer back to when implementing.
- Model each skill for children and allow them to practice.
- Provide positive and constructive feedback for the children.
- Allow peer tutors and target children to practice each skill with their partners.
While this has been suggested in a classroom setting, it can also be tried at homes where siblings are of similar ages. So if you are a parent looking for techniques to have siblings help out, this might be one that you can look to tweaking and trialing. Do you have any other method that you have already tried in your classroom? Let us know in the comments section below! We are always on the lookout for more useful methods that enables our community :) REFERENCE: http://ebip.vkcsites.org/stay-play-talk-procedures/